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Proton Therapy Has Advantages Over IMRT

July 3, 2014 8:30 am | Comments

A new study by radiation oncologists has found that proton beam therapy significantly improved disease free survival and tumor control when compared to IMRT in a variety of advanced head and neck cancers.               

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Treasure Trove of Genes Key to Kidney Cancer

July 2, 2014 9:24 am | Comments

A genomic analysis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), the most common form of kidney cancer, from 72 patients has uncovered 31 genes that are key to development, growth and spread of the cancer, according to researchers.      

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Research Gives 3-D View of Important Brain Receptor

June 30, 2014 12:02 pm | Comments

Researchers with Oregon Health & Science University's Vollum Institute have given science a new and unprecedented 3-D view of one of the most important receptors in the brain—a receptor that allows us to learn and remember, and whose dysfunction is involved in a wide range of neurological diseases and conditions, including Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, schizophrenia and depression.

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Sequencing Electric Eel Genome Unlocks Shocking Secrets

June 27, 2014 2:17 pm | Comments

The genome of the electric eel has been sequenced. This discovery has revealed the secret of how fishes with electric organs have evolved six times in the history of life to produce electricity outside of their bodies. The research sheds light on the genetic blueprint used to evolve these complex, novel organs.

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Gene in Brain Linked to Kidney Cancer

June 25, 2014 12:54 pm | Comments

A gene known to control brain growth and development is heavily involved in promoting clear cell renal cell carcinoma, the most common form of kidney cancer, researchers are reporting.                    

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Cancer Chain in the Membrane

June 24, 2014 1:50 pm | Comments

Supercomputer simulations have shown that clusters of a protein linked to cancer warp cell membranes, according to scientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) Medical School. This research on these protein clusters, or aggregates as scientists call them, could help guide design of new anticancer drugs.

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Scientists Break the Genetic Code for Diabetes in Greenland

June 19, 2014 3:35 pm | Comments

A piece of detective work has mapped a special gene variant among Greenlanders that plays a particularly important role in the development of type 2 diabetes. The results can be used to improve prevention and treatment options for those genetically at-risk.

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Sleep Quality and Duration Improve Cognition in Aging Populations

June 18, 2014 10:42 am | Comments

Maybe turning to sleep gadgets—wristbands, sound therapy and sleep-monitoring smartphone apps—is a good idea. A new University of Oregon-led study of middle-aged or older people who get six to nine hours of sleep a night think better than those sleeping fewer or more hours.

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Scientists Take 'Tubular' Journey Through Brain Cells

June 16, 2014 2:38 pm | Comments

In a new study, scientists took a molecular-level journey into microtubules, the hollow cylinders inside brain cells that act as skeletons and internal highways. They watched how a protein called tubulin acetyltransferase (TAT) labels the inside of microtubules.

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Researchers Discover New Form of Cancer

June 11, 2014 2:01 pm | Comments

By themselves, PAX3 and MAML3 don’t cause any problems. However, when they combine during an abnormal but recurring chromosomal mismatch, they can be dangerous. The result is a chimera—a gene that is half of each—and that causes biphenotypic sinonasal sarcoma. The tumor usually begins in the nose and may infiltrate the rest of the face, requiring disfiguring surgery to save the individual.

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New Venture Aims to Understand, Heal Disrupted Brain Circuitry

May 27, 2014 1:57 pm | Comments

Scientists and physicians at UC San Francisco are leading a $26 million, multi-institutional research program in which they will employ advanced technology to characterize human brain networks and better understand and treat a range of common, debilitating psychiatric disorders.

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Genes Link Circadian Clock to Eating Schedule

May 22, 2014 1:51 pm | Comments

Scientists have discovered a pair of genes that normally keeps eating schedules in sync with daily sleep rhythms, and, when mutated, may play a role in so-called night eating syndrome.                   

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Scientists ID Potential Way to Halt Pancreatic Cancer Spread

May 21, 2014 12:49 pm | Comments

Scientists have shown how switching off a key protein in pancreatic cells slows the spread of the disease to other tissues, a key step which can mean patients have just weeks to live.                    

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Engineer Invents Safe Way to Transfer Energy to Medical Chips in the Body

May 20, 2014 12:23 pm | Comments

A Stanford electrical engineer has invented a way to wirelessly transfer power deep inside the body and then use this power to run tiny electronic medical gadgets such as pacemakers, nerve stimulators or new sensors and devices yet to be developed.

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Watching HIV Bud from Cells

May 19, 2014 2:15 pm | Comments

University of Utah researchers devised a way to watch newly forming AIDS virus particles emerging or “budding” from infected human cells without interfering with the process. The method shows a protein named ALIX gets involved during the final stages of virus replication, not earlier, as was believed previously.

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