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Bioscience Bulletin: Brain Boosters; New Technology

May 22, 2015 2:53 pm | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | News | Comments

Welcome to Bioscience Technology’s new series Bioscience Bulletin, where we bring you the five most popular headlines from the week.

Proteins May Slow Memory Loss in People With Alzheimer’s

May 22, 2015 10:04 am | by Iowa State University | News | Comments

Certain proteins may slow the devastating memory loss caused by Alzheimer’s disease, according...

Science Funding Bill Passes a Split House, Despite Scientist Opposition

May 22, 2015 9:53 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

The American Competes Reauthorization Act of 2015 was passed by a split House of Representatives...

Beyond Average

May 22, 2015 9:37 am | by Harvard University | News | Comments

New platforms genetically barcode tens of thousands of cells at a time

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T. Rex Autopsy Coming to the Small Screen

May 22, 2015 9:22 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

The deceased waits on the slab, under the glare of lights. But the corpse is 46 feet long, has a heart 100 times larger than a human’s and sharpened teeth up to a foot long. The cameras roll, as the doctor makes the first incision.

Seeking Deeper Understanding of How the Brain Works

May 22, 2015 9:17 am | by MIT | News | Comments

Edward Boyden develops techniques to study the brain, and how it operates, in finer detail.

Women With MRI Abnormality Nine Times More Likely to Get Breast Cancer

May 22, 2015 9:11 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

Healthy women possessing a certain abnormality on MRIs are nine times more likely to get breast cancer, according to research published in Radiology. The abnormality is called background parenchymal enhancement (BPE), a phenomenon in which areas of normal background breast tissue appear white, or enhanced.

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Scientists Figure Out How Vitamin E Keeps Muscles Healthy

May 21, 2015 10:57 am | by Georgia Regents University | News | Comments

Body builders have it right: vitamin E does help build strong muscles, and scientists appear to have figured out one important way it does it.

News on Asthma and Peanut Allergies Could Lead to Misdiagnosis, Unnecessary Testing

May 21, 2015 10:48 am | by University of Michigan | News | Comments

Allergist raises concerns about highly-publicized research findings suggesting that children with asthma are prone to peanut allergy.

Panda Gut Bacteria Can’t Efficiently Digest Bamboo

May 21, 2015 10:40 am | by American Society for Microbiology | News | Comments

It’s no wonder that giant pandas are always chewing and eating, say Chinese researchers: their gut bacteria are not the type for efficiently digesting bamboo. The bamboo-eating giant panda actually harbors a carnivore-like gut microbiota predominated by bacteria such as Escherichia/Shigella and Streptococcus, according to new research.

Uncovering Mechanisms of Replication in HPV

May 21, 2015 10:28 am | by Northwestern University | News | Comments

Scientists have identified proteins that mediate aspects of virus replication in the lifecycle of human papillomavirus (HPV), a finding that may lead to new therapeutic targets for treatment of infections caused by the virus.

Ancient Lake Challenges Understanding of Evolution

May 21, 2015 10:05 am | by University of Aberdeen | News | Comments

An ancient lake could hold the key to our understanding of how complex life evolved on Earth, according to recent research.

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Shining a New Light on the Immune System

May 21, 2015 9:45 am | by University of St. Andrews | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a revolutionary method of identifying cells of the immune system with “molecular fingerprints” which could pave the way for the rapid detection of conditions such as leukemia and lymphoma from a small blood sample.

L’Oreal Partners with Organovo to Produce 3D Printed Skin

May 21, 2015 9:23 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | News | Comments

L’Oreal is partnering with bioprinting startup Organovo to engineer 3D printed skin tissue to test products and perform other advanced research, the companies announced in a joint statement this week.

Promising Malaria and Dengue Vaccines Will Not Defeat Diseases

May 21, 2015 9:02 am | by Christopher J. Pace, Ph.D., GlobalData Managing Analyst, Infectious Diseases | Articles | Comments

The company expects that while vaccines will be an essential component of future dengue and malaria prevention and control efforts, immunization cannot succeed as a silver bullet solution for either disease.

Adults Harbor Lots of Risky Autoreactive Immune Cells

May 20, 2015 10:48 am | by Stanford University | News | Comments

Even though self-targeting immune cells remain prolific in adults’ bloodstreams, some kind of internal emergency brake seems to prevent them from triggering autoimmune disease — usually.

Genetics Allow Animals to Produce their Own Sunscreen

May 20, 2015 10:33 am | by Joe Shust, Editor, Continuity Insights | Articles | Comments

Researchers have discovered that unique genome sequences allow fish, reptiles, birds and other animals to create a compound that acts as sunscreen.

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Study Explains How Early Childhood Vaccination Reduces Leukemia Risk

May 20, 2015 10:09 am | by University of California San Francisco | News | Comments

A team of researchers has discovered how a commonly administered vaccine protects against acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the most common type of childhood cancer.

Researchers Identify Potentially Effective Treatment for Methamphetamine Addiction

May 20, 2015 10:07 am | by UCLA | News | Comments

A new study has found that Naltrexone, a drug used to treat alcoholism, may also be a promising treatment for addiction to methamphetamine.

New Technology Turns Smartphone into a DNA-Scanning Microscope

May 20, 2015 10:02 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Articles | Comments

Researchers at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) have developed a new technology that turns a smartphone into a DNA-scanning fluorescent microscope.  Lead researcher Aydogan Ozcan, Howard Hughes Medical Institute chancellor professor at UCLA, sat down with Bioscience Technology to talk about this advancement and its implications for resource-poor labs, and for personalized medicine.

Abcodia Raises $8M to Launch Ovarian Cancer Screening Test

May 20, 2015 8:35 am | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Articles | Comments

Abcodia announced this week it raised $8 million to bring its ovarian cancer screening test called ROCA to market.

Neuroscientists ID Part of Brain Devoted to Processing Speech

May 19, 2015 9:49 am | by New York University | News | Comments

A team of  neuroscientists has identified a part of the brain exclusively devoted to processing speech. Its findings point to the superior temporal sulcus (STS), located in the temporal lobe, and help settle a long-standing debate about role-specific neurological functions.

Inflammation Stops the Biological Clock

May 19, 2015 9:33 am | by University of Pennsylvania | News | Comments

An important link between the human body clock and the immune system has relevance for better understanding inflammatory and infectious diseases, researchers discovered.

Designing Better Medical Implants

May 19, 2015 9:09 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

Optimal size and shape allow implantable devices to last longer in the body.

Discovery Opens Door for Homemade Morphine, Painkillers

May 19, 2015 9:07 am | by Alicia Chang, AP Science Writer | News | Comments

Scientists have figured out all the steps to make morphine and similar painkillers without using opium poppies, opening the door for home-brewed drugs and even wider abuse.

Future for Warming US: Not Just the Heat but the Humanity

May 19, 2015 9:06 am | by Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer | News | Comments

The combination of global warming and shifting population means that by mid-century, there will be a huge increase in the number of Americans sweating through days that are extremely hot, a new study says.

Genetic Test for Heightened Prostate Cancer Risk Touted

May 19, 2015 9:01 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

A new genetic test to determine risk factors for prostate cancer can help target the men most likely to develop aggressive forms for the cancer – and make screening a priority for them, according to research presented yesterday at the American Urology Association’s annual conference.

Cognition Improves After Supplemented Mediterranean Diet, Finds a Rare Trial

May 19, 2015 8:54 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

Cognition improves in older people who eat a plant-based Mediterranean diet with antioxidant-rich extra virgin olive oil or mixed nuts, according to rare clinical trial research published by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Hong Kong to Use DNA Technology to Publicly Shame Litterbugs

May 18, 2015 11:42 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

DNA phenotyping is just starting to be used to track down criminals, generate new leads on cold-case homicides, and put faces to unidentified and missing people. Now in Hong Kong, it’s being used to threaten litterbugs with public shame, according to organizers of a new anti-polluting campaign.

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