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Early Antibiotic Use Linked to Childhood Obesity Risk

September 30, 2014 2:22 pm | News | Comments

The use of broad-spectrum antibiotics by children before the age of 24 months was associated with increased risk of obesity in early childhood, according to a new study.                       

Drug and Device Firms Paid $3.5B to Care Providers

September 30, 2014 2:02 pm | by Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

Striving to shine a light on potential ethical conflicts in medicine, the Obama administration...

Chemists Recruit Anthrax to Deliver Cancer Drugs

September 26, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Bacillus anthracis bacteria have very efficient machinery for injecting toxic proteins...

Airway Muscle-on-a-chip Mimics Asthma

September 23, 2014 1:46 pm | News | Comments

Hope for healthier airways may be on the horizon thanks to a human airway muscle-on-a-chip...

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White House Orders Plan for Antibiotic Resistance

September 19, 2014 8:30 am | by Mary Clare Jalonick - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

Signaling the seriousness of the threat posed by antibiotic-resistant germs, President Barack Obama on Thursday ordered the government to create a national plan to fight them by early 2015.                  

Vitiligo Treatment Holds Promise for Restoring Skin Pigmentation

September 18, 2014 2:35 pm | Videos | Comments

A treatment regimen is safe and effective for restoring skin pigmentation in vitiligo patients, according to a new study. Patients were randomly divided into two study groups: Group A received a combination therapy; Group B received only NB UVB treatment.

Kids' Poisonings Linked to Anti-addiction Medicine

September 15, 2014 12:34 am | by Lindsey Tanner - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

An anti-addiction drug used to fight the nation's heroin and painkiller abuse epidemics poses a threat to young children who accidentally swallow relatives' prescriptions, a federal study says. Some children have died.          

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BST This Week #15: Bees May be Key to Antibiotic Alternatives

September 12, 2014 8:30 am | Videos | Comments

On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski explores the role that bees may play in the search for antibiotic alternatives. Our second story focuses on how increased carbon dioxide levels in water can rob sharks of their ability to sense the smell of food.

Two Anti-Ebola Vaccines in Historic Race

September 11, 2014 3:38 pm | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

One of the most rapidly fast-tracked vaccines in history— an anti-Ebola “ChAd3” vaccine— just started clinical trial in humans, and may be done as soon as November. But a second fast-tracked anti-Ebola vaccine— called an “rVSV” vaccine— is hot on its heels.

Gut Microbes Determine How Well Flu Vaccine Works

September 11, 2014 3:34 pm | News | Comments

Mice treated with antibiotics to remove most of their intestinal bacteria or raised under sterile conditions have impaired antibody responses to seasonal influenza vaccination, researchers have found.               

Using Antibiotics to Help Heart Problems

September 11, 2014 12:17 pm | News | Comments

A research team is looking at whether an antibiotic has the potential to prevent or treat irregular heartbeats brought on by other medicines, thanks to a grant from national charity in the UK.                 

Long-term Use of Anxiety, Sleep Meds Linked to Alzheimer's

September 10, 2014 11:41 am | News | Comments

Taking benzodiazepines (widely prescribed drugs to treat anxiety and insomnia) is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, particularly for long-term users, suggests a new study.             

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Mouse Studies Advance Treatment for Common Eye Diseases

September 8, 2014 3:40 pm | News | Comments

Working with mice, a multicenter team of researchers has found a new way to reduce the abnormal blood vessel growth and leakage in the eye that accompany some eye diseases.                       

ZMapp: Best Anti-Ebola Treatment Yet

September 4, 2014 3:05 pm | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

ZMapp, an experimental drug that may have already have saved a few patients in Africa, is the most effective anti-Ebola therapy yet, according to a recent Nature paper on rhesus macaques monkeys.              

Pharmacist Arrested in Tainted Steroid Case

September 4, 2014 11:25 am | by Denise Lavoie - AP Legal Affairs Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

A pharmacist who oversaw the sterile clean rooms at a Massachusetts compounding pharmacy responsible for a deadly meningitis outbreak was arrested Thursday as he was about to board a flight for Hong Kong, federal officials said.      

U.S. to Begin Safety Testing Ebola Vaccine

August 28, 2014 9:23 am | by Seth Borenstein - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Federal researchers next week will start testing humans with an experimental vaccine to prevent the deadly Ebola virus. The NIH announced today that it is launching the safety trial on a vaccine developed by the agency's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and GSK.

New Restrictions on Hydrocodone to Take Effect

August 22, 2014 8:23 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

The federal government is finalizing new restrictions on hundreds of medicines containing hydrocodone, the highly addictive painkiller that has grown into the most widely prescribed drug in the U.S.               

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Combining Vaccines Boosts Polio Immunity

August 22, 2014 8:22 am | by Lauran Neergaard - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

New research suggests a one-two punch could help battle polio in some of the world's most remote and strife-torn regions: Giving a single vaccine shot to children who've already swallowed drops of an oral polio vaccine greatly boosted their immunity.

Drug Candidate Blocks 'Chili-pepper Receptor'

August 20, 2014 11:53 am | News | Comments

 As anyone who has bitten into a chili pepper knows, its burning spiciness— though irresistible to some — is intolerable to others. Scientists exploring the chili pepper’s effect are using their findings to develop a new drug candidate for many kinds of pain.

Antibiotics in Early Life May Alter Long-term Immunity

August 18, 2014 11:34 am | News | Comments

New research found that receiving antibiotic treatments early in life can increase susceptibility to specific diseases later on. The study helps scientists understand how different antibiotics affect good bacteria.        

Early Antibiotic Exposure Gives Mice Lifelong Metabolic Issues

August 15, 2014 11:59 am | News | Comments

A new study suggests that antibiotic exposure during a critical window of early development disrupts the bacterial landscape of the gut, home to trillions of diverse microbes, and permanently reprograms the body’s metabolism, setting up a predisposition to obesity.

Ebola Puts Focus on Drugs Made in Tobacco Plants

August 15, 2014 2:22 am | by Malcolm Ritter - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

It's an eye-catching angle in the story of an experimental treatment for Ebola: The drug comes from tobacco plants that were turned into living pharmaceutical factories. Using plants this way — sometimes called "pharming" — can produce complex and valuable proteins for medicines.

NewLink Genetics: Ready to Test Ebola Vaccine

August 14, 2014 10:22 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

An Iowa drug developer says it has enough doses of a possible vaccine for the deadly Ebola virus to launch an initial round of human testing. NewLink Genetics Chief Financial Officer Gordon Link says the timing of the trials is uncertain, but the company is receiving help from a number of sources to speed up the process.

Priest Dies of Ebola; UN Debates Treatment Ethics

August 12, 2014 8:21 am | by Maria Cheng and Ciaran Giles - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

A Spanish missionary priest being treated for Ebola died Tuesday in a Madrid hospital amid a worldwide debate over who should get experimental Ebola treatments. After holding a teleconference with medical experts around the world, the WHO declared it is ethical to use unproven Ebola drugs and vaccines in the current outbreak.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: Hope, At Last

August 11, 2014 2:26 pm | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

There have been stunning “firsts” in research on idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a mysterious disease that stiffens and stills the lungs, killing half its victims in three years. In May, results of Phase 3 clinical trials on the first two effective drugs for IPF were published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM). And in June, the first paper explaining IPF was published in Science Translational Medicine.

Can People with Type 2 Diabetes Live Longer?

August 8, 2014 1:26 pm | News | Comments

A large-scale University-led study involving more than 180,000 people shows that patients treated with a drug widely prescribed for type 2 diabetes can live longer than people without the condition. The findings indicate that a drug known as metformin, used to control glucose levels in the body and already known to exhibit anticancer properties, could offer prognostic and prophylactic benefits to people without diabetes.

Drug Target Identified for Common Childhood Blood Cancer

July 31, 2014 12:00 pm | News | Comments

In what is believed to be the largest genetic analysis of what triggers and propels progression of tumor growth in a common childhood blood cancer, researchers report that they have identified a possible new drug target for treating the disease. 

Dissolvable Fabric Loaded with Medicine Might Offer Faster Protection Against HIV

July 31, 2014 9:27 am | News | Comments

University of Washington bioengineers have discovered a potentially faster way to deliver a topical drug that protects women from contracting HIV. Their method spins the drug into silk-like fibers that quickly dissolve when in contact with moisture, releasing higher doses of the drug than possible with other topical materials such as gels or creams.

Bioscience Technology This Week #4: Gold Nanoparticles Show Promise for Drug Delivery

July 30, 2014 2:02 pm | Videos | Comments

On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Editor-in-Chief Rob Fee reports on gold nanoparticles' promise in drug delivery. Our second story examines the work being done to decipher the wheat genome and the implications of this work.

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