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Healthy Brain Development Balanced on Edge of Cellular 'Sword'

December 18, 2014 5:09 pm | by Bill Hathaway, Yale University | News | Comments

A new Yale-led study of children with neurodevelopmental abnormalities of the brain identifies a “cutting” enzyme crucial to the shaping and division of brain cells as well as the replenishment of neural stem cells.        

Serotonin Neuron Subtypes

December 18, 2014 4:37 pm | by Stephanie Dutchen, Harvard Medical School | News | Comments

Neuroscientists have proposed that brain cells come in different subtypes that have...

'Master Regulator' Gene Can Stimulate Other Genes in Early Brain Development

December 18, 2014 4:10 pm | by NYU | News | Comments

Chemical modifications to DNA’s packaging — known as epigenetic changes — can activate or...

Reading Leaves a Dramatic Imprint on the Brain

December 17, 2014 4:23 pm | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

A good book recreates the world so robustly that it activates some of the same brain regions...

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Insight Into How Brain Motor Neurons Die During ALS

December 17, 2014 4:13 pm | by Thomas Jefferson University | News | Comments

Researchers look to understand the causes of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), in the hope of finding new ways to treat the disease. A new study published online in the Cell Press journal Neuron shows that a common gene mutation in ALS generates a deadly protein that may cause the damage in the brain that leads to ALS.

Brain-Injury Program Working With NFL Players

December 17, 2014 11:07 am | by Associated Press | News | Comments

A brain-injury treatment program originally designed for military veterans injured on the battlefield has been updated to include professional athletes. Representatives with the Eisenhower Center announced that it will be the primary facility used by the NFL Players Association for treating brain injuries and other neurological issues through the After the Impact program.  

Targeted Computer Games Can Change Behavior of Psychopaths

December 17, 2014 11:03 am | by NYU Langone | News | Comments

Psychopaths generally do not feel fear and fail to consider the emotions of others, or reflect upon their behavior — traits that make them notoriously difficult to treat.                                              

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New Technology Advances Eye Tracking As Biomarker for Brain Function

December 17, 2014 10:59 am | by NYU Langone | News | Comments

Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have developed  new technology that can assess the location and impact of a brain injury merely by tracking the eye movements of patients as they watch music videos for less than four minutes, according to a study publishedin the Journal of Neurosurgery.

Thumbs-Up for Mind-Controlled Robotic Arm

December 17, 2014 10:44 am | News | Comments

A paralysed woman who controlled a robotic arm using just her thoughts has taken another step towards restoring her natural movements by controlling the arm with a range of complex hand movements.                                             

Which Dot Will They Hunt?

December 16, 2014 12:28 pm | by Max Planck Institute | News | Comments

Scientists are now able to shed light on important neural circuitry involved in the prey capture behavior of young zebrafish.                       

Protecting The Brain

December 16, 2014 12:18 pm | by Cory Burris, Dalhousie University | News | Comments

New research focuses of detecting and treating damage to blood vessels in the brain.                              

Neuronal Circuits Filter Out Distractions in the Brain

December 15, 2014 1:32 pm | by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory | News | Comments

The next time you are in a crowded room, or a meeting, or even at the park with your kids, take a look around. How many people are on their phone? Distractions invade every aspect of our lives. Status updates, text messages, email notifications all threaten to steal our attention away from the moment. 

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Tackling One of The Biggest Questions in Dementia Research

December 15, 2014 12:09 pm | News | Comments

Researchers in Southampton are tackling one of the biggest questions in dementia research; why might current approaches in Alzheimer’s trials be failing? The new study is published in the Journal of Pathology and funded by Alzheimer’s Research UK and the Medical Research Council.          

Signaling Mechanism Could be Target for Survival, Growth of Tumor Cells

December 15, 2014 11:54 am | by UT Southwestern | News | Comments

UT Southwestern Medical Center neurology researchers have identified an important cell signaling mechanism that plays an important role in brain cancer and may provide a new therapeutic target.                                 

Brain Stimulation May Hold Key to Anxiety Treatment

December 15, 2014 11:27 am | News | Comments

Researchers at The University of Western Australia have found that that brain stimulation may help retrain unhelpful cognitive habits associated with anxiety and depression.                

Obese Children’s Brains More Responsive to Sugar

December 12, 2014 9:34 am | News | Comments

A new study found that the brains of obese children literally light up differently when tasting sugar. This elevated sense of “food reward” could mean some children have brain circuitries that predispose them to crave more sugar throughout life. 

Shedding New Light on Relationship Between Personality, Health

December 12, 2014 8:53 am | News | Comments

Researchers have found new evidence that explains how some aspects of our personality may affect our health and wellbeing, supporting long-observed associations between aspects of human character, physical health and longevity.       

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Patient’s Own Stem Cells Could Clear a Cloudy Cornea

December 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Treating the potentially blinding haze of a scar on the cornea might be as straightforward as growing stem cells from a tiny biopsy of the patient’s undamaged eye and then placing them on the injury site, according to mouse model experiments.   

Alcohol Interferes with the Body's Ability to Regulate Sleep

December 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Researchers have found that drinking alcohol to fall asleep interferes with sleep homeostasis, the body’s sleep-regulating mechanism.                                 

Brain Inflammation a Hallmark of Autism

December 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

While many different combinations of genetic traits can cause autism, brains affected by autism share a pattern of ramped-up immune responses, an analysis of data from autopsied human brains revealed.               

New ‘Electronic Skin’ for Prosthetics, Robotics

December 10, 2014 12:57 pm | News | Comments

For the first time, scientists report the development of a stretchable “electronic skin” closely modeled after our own that can detect not just pressure, but also what direction it’s coming from.               

Cognitive Training Can Mitigate Effects of Poverty

December 10, 2014 12:15 pm | News | Comments

The cognitive effects of poverty can be mitigated during middle school with a targeted intervention, according to new research.                                  

Worm's Mental GPS Helps Them Find Food

December 10, 2014 12:08 pm | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a mathematical theory–based on roundworm foraging that predicts how animals decide to switch from localized to very broad searching.                          

Laughing Gas Studied as Depression Treatment

December 10, 2014 11:50 am | News | Comments

Nitrous oxide, or laughing gas, has shown early promise as a potential treatment for severe depression in patients whose symptoms don’t respond to standard therapies.                        

Blocking Receptor in Brain’s Immune Cells Counters Alzheimer’s in Mice

December 10, 2014 11:38 am | News | Comments

Brain cells called microglia chew up toxic substances and cell debris, calm inflammation and make nerve-cell-nurturing substances. New research shows that keeping them on the job may prevent neurodegeneration.            

Preeclampsia During Pregnancy Linked to Greater Autism Risk

December 9, 2014 8:30 am | Videos | Comments

Children with autism spectrum disorder were more than twice as likely to have been exposed in utero to preeclampsia, and the likelihood of an autism diagnosis was even greater if the mother experienced more severe disease, a large study has found.

Scientists ID Brain Mechanism that Drives Us to Eat Glucose

December 9, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Scientists have discovered a mechanism in the brain that may drive our appetite for foods rich in glucose and could lead to treatments for obesity.                             

NIH Funds Robots to Assist People with Disabilities

December 8, 2014 2:39 pm | News | Comments

New research in robotics might help with stroke rehabilitation, guide wheelchairs, and assist children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Projects investigating co-robotics are the focus of new funding from the National Institutes of Health.    

For Kids with Autism, a 'Flight' to Ease Stress

December 8, 2014 12:19 pm | by Patrick Semansky - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

With boarding passes in hand, children with autism spectrum disorders and their families took part in an air travel rehearsal at Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport.                 

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