Scientists said they have evidence from animal studies that a type of central nervous system cell other than motor neurons plays a fundamental role in the development of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal degenerative disease.
An international team of scientists says a key protein in Schwann cells performs a critical, perhaps overarching, role in regulating the recovery of peripheral nerves after injury.
Researchers have found that missteps in a basic cellular process, RNA splicing, is the culprit behind a class of rare neurological disorders manifested by intellectual disability and stunted development.
Neuroscientists face a multitude of challenges in their efforts to better understand the human brain. If not for model organisms such as the rat, they might never know what really goes on inside our heads.
Neurons that control hunger in the central nervous system also regulate immune cell functions, implicating eating behavior as a defense against infections and autoimmune disease development, researchers have found in a new study.
Under the crushing weight of many new studies finding even small head injuries can cause massive damage, the National Football League (NFL) has launched a new $60 million brain initiative. The initiative is co-sponsored by General Electric (GE).
Researchers discovered that the extra chromosome inherited in Down syndrome impairs learning and memory because it leads to low levels of SNX27 protein in the brain.
When babies are deprived of oxygen before birth, brain damage and disorders such as cerebral palsy can occur. Extended cooling can prevent brain injuries, but this treatment is not always available in developing nations where advanced medical care is scarce.
Ever find yourself racking your brain on a Monday morning to remember where you put your car keys? When you do find those keys, you can thank the hippocampus, a brain region responsible for storing and retrieving memories of different environments- such as that room where your keys were hiding in an unusual spot.
A new study finds that two genes individually associated with rare autism-related disorders are also jointly linked to more general forms of autism. The finding suggests a new genetic pathway to investigate in general autism research.
An interdisciplinary team of mechanical engineers and autism experts at Vanderbilt University have developed a system that demonstrates that robotic systems may be powerful tools for enhancing the basic social learning skills of children with autism spectrum disorder.
New research from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine for the first time explains exactly how two brain regions interact to promote emotionally motivated behaviors associated with anxiety and reward.
A compact, self-contained sensor recorded and transmitted brain activity data wirelessly for more than a year in early stage animal tests, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.
When athletes are suspected of having a concussion, they should be taken out of action immediately, new guidelines from a major medical group say. The American Academy of Neurology said athletes shouldn't resume playing until they've been fully evaluated and cleared by a doctor or other professional with concussion expertise.
A staggering 1 in 3 seniors dies with Alzheimer's disease or other types of dementia, says a new report that highlights the impact the mind-destroying disease is having on the rapidly aging population.
In a small, preliminary study of regular migraine sufferers, scientists have found that measuring a fat-derived protein called adiponectin (ADP) before and after migraine treatment can accurately reveal which headache victims felt pain relief.
Researchers have shown that inhibiting the prefrontal cortex, the brain’s filter, can boost performance for tasks in which unfiltered, creative thoughts present an advantage.
Two labs reported last week making mice smarter, in two different ways, one of which “changes everything,” according to top neuroscientist Douglas Fields.
Researchers say they have found that stem cells from a patient’s own fat may have the potential to deliver new treatments directly into the brain after the surgical removal of a glioblastoma.
A team of neuroradiologists and neurosurgeons reported wide success with a new procedure to treat pseudotumor cerebri, a rare but potentially blinding condition marked by excessive pressure inside the skull, caused by a dangerous narrowing of a vein located at the base of the brain.
A new study offers insight into some of the precise impairments caused by the loss of dopamine in brain cells affected by Parkinson’s disease. The findings could help researchers not only better understand the disease, but also develop more targeted treatments.
A single concussion may cause lasting structural damage to the brain, according to a new study.
Despite many remarkable discoveries in the field of neuroscience during the past several decades, researchers have not been able to fully crack the brain’s “neural code.” Now, biomedical engineering professor Garrett Stanley has presented detailed research progress toward “reading and writing the neural code.”
Explaining children's chronic pain