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Blood Test May Help Determine Psychosis Risk

September 22, 2014 11:56 am | News | Comments

A new study reports preliminary results showing that a blood test, when used in psychiatric patients experiencing symptoms that are considered to be indicators of a high risk for psychosis, identifies those who later went on to develop psychosis. 

Western Diet Leads to Diminished Cognitive Performance

September 22, 2014 11:40 am | by Rob Payne, ScienceNetwork WA | News | Comments

Researchers found that participants with a western dietary pattern scored lower in cognitive tasks, particularly those involving reaction time/psychomotor function, visual attention, learning and memory.              

New Discovery About 3-D Shape Processing in the Brain

September 19, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

While previous studies of the brain suggest that processing of objects and place occur in very different locations, a research team has found that they are closely related.                       

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Sensing Neuronal Activity With Light

September 19, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

For years, neuroscientists have been trying to develop tools that would allow them to clearly view the brain's circuitry in action— from the first moment a neuron fires to the resulting behavior in a whole organism.          

BST This Week #17: Film Detects Consciousness in Vegetative State

September 19, 2014 8:30 am | Videos | Comments

On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski focuses on a new study that used a short movie to detect consciousness in vegetative state patients. Our second story explores how the amazing variety in human faces is the result of evolutionary pressure.

Immune Link to Stress Could Help Treat Depression

September 18, 2014 3:04 pm | News | Comments

Researchers say a new focus on the links between the immune system and stress is needed to help pave the way for improved treatments of severe depression. The paper argues that current treatments for major depressive disorder lack effectiveness.

Autism Caused by Spontaneous Mutations in Key Brain Gene

September 18, 2014 3:00 pm | News | Comments

Spontaneous mutations in the brain gene TBR1 disrupt the function of the encoded protein in children with severe autism. In addition, there is a direct link between TBR1 and FOXP2, a well-known language-related protein, according to a new study.  

Neural Basis of Confidence Uncovered in Mice

September 18, 2014 2:44 pm | News | Comments

Scientists have found that confidence is actually a measureable quantity, and not reserved just for humans. The team has identified a brain region in rats whose function is required for the animals to express confidence in their decisions.   

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Tracking the Rise and Fall of Brain Volume Throughout Life

September 18, 2014 2:21 pm | News | Comments

Stanford scientists have shown how the brain changes throughout life, and created a standard curve that can be used to assess whether patients are maturing and aging normally.                      

Study Links Physical Activity to White-matter Integrity

September 17, 2014 2:00 pm | News | Comments

Like everything else in the body, the white-matter fibers that allow communication between brain regions also decline with age. In a new study, researchers found a strong association between the structural integrity of these white-matter tracts and an older person’s level of daily activity.

ADHD Brain: Slow to Mature, Quick to Distract

September 16, 2014 3:06 pm | News | Comments

A peek inside the brains of more than 750 children and teens reveals a key difference in brain architecture between those with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and those without.                   

Brain Scans Forecast Early Reading Difficulties

September 16, 2014 2:31 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have used brain scans to predict how young children learn to read, giving clinicians a possible tool to spot children with dyslexia and other reading difficulties before they experience reading challenges.         

Smoking, Schizophrenia Linked by Altered Nicotine Signals

September 16, 2014 1:25 pm | News | Comments

A new study shows how schizophrenia is associated with increased rates and intensity of tobacco smoking by showing that the level of nicotine receptors in the brain was lower in schizophrenia patients than in a matched healthy group.     

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Key Role of Language Gene Identified

September 16, 2014 1:18 pm | News | Comments

Neuroscientists have found that a gene mutation that arose more than half a million years ago may be key to humans’ unique ability to produce and understand speech.                         

Jacobsen Syndrome, Autism Linked

September 15, 2014 1:28 pm | News | Comments

A rare genetic disorder known as Jacobsen syndrome has been linked with autism, according to a recent joint investigation by researchers. In addition to suggesting better treatment options for people with Jacobsen syndrome, the finding also offers more clues into the genetic underpinnings of autism.

Neural Compensation Found in People With Alzheimer’s-related Protein

September 15, 2014 12:48 pm | News | Comments

The human brain is capable of a neural workaround that compensates for the buildup of beta-amyloid, a destructive protein associated with Alzheimer’s disease, according to a new study.                   

Schizophrenia is Actually 8 Genetic Disorders

September 15, 2014 12:41 pm | News | Comments

New research shows that schizophrenia isn’t a single disease but a group of eight genetically distinct disorders, each with its own set of symptoms.                             

Neurochemical Imbalance Discovered in Schizophrenia

September 11, 2014 3:28 pm | News | Comments

Using human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), researchers have discovered that neurons from patients with schizophrenia secrete higher amounts of three neurotransmitters broadly implicated in a range of psychiatric disorders.     

New Evidence Shows Sleep Apnea Hurts Your Brain

September 11, 2014 12:08 pm | News | Comments

Employing a measure rarely used in sleep apnea studies, researchers uncovered evidence of what may be damaging the brain in people with the sleep disorder— weaker brain blood flow.                     

Eating Habits, Body Fat Related to Brain Differences

September 10, 2014 12:00 pm | News | Comments

People who are obese may be more susceptible to environmental food cues than their lean counterparts due to differences in brain chemistry that make eating more habitual and less rewarding, according to a new study.          

Long-term Use of Anxiety, Sleep Meds Linked to Alzheimer's

September 10, 2014 11:41 am | News | Comments

Taking benzodiazepines (widely prescribed drugs to treat anxiety and insomnia) is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, particularly for long-term users, suggests a new study.             

New Glaucoma Cause Discovered

September 10, 2014 11:36 am | News | Comments

Scientists have discovered a novel cause of glaucoma in an animal model, and related to their findings, are now developing an eye drop aimed at curing the disease. They believe their findings will be important to human glaucoma.       

Brain Structure May Predict Risky Behavior

September 10, 2014 11:30 am | News | Comments

Some people avoid risks at all costs, while others will put their wealth, health, and safety at risk without a thought. Researchers have found that the volume of the parietal cortex in the brain could predict where people fall on the risk-taking spectrum.

Scientists Map White Matter Connections Within Human Brain

September 10, 2014 11:13 am | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a mathematical and computational technology that allows researchers to more accurately map the large, long connections within the white matter tissue of living human brains.               

New Molecular Target is Key to Enhanced Brain Plasticity

September 9, 2014 3:25 pm | News | Comments

Groundbreaking new research has discovered a new way to preserve the flexibility and resilience of the brain. The study reveals a nerve cell protective molecular target that is essential for brain plasticity.            

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