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Eyeing Top Performance? Look to the Pupil

June 15, 2015 9:59 am | by Yale University | News | Comments

If you want to know who is ready to perform at the highest level, look them in the eyes — or more specifically, look at the diameter of their pupils, researchers report.

Bioscience Bulletin: Birth Month and Your Health; Spider-silk Fabric; A Protein with Many Shapes

June 12, 2015 4:32 pm | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | News | Comments

Welcome to Bioscience Technology’s new series Bioscience Bulletin, where we bring you the five most popular headlines from the week.

Fragile X Proteins Involved in Proper Neuron Development

June 12, 2015 10:42 am | by University of Wisconsin-Madison | News | Comments

Fragile X syndrome is the most common inherited intellectual disability and the greatest single genetic contributor to autism. Unlocking the mechanisms behind fragile X could make important revelations about the brain.

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A Single Protein’s Shape Determines Whether Parkinson’s or MSA Develops

June 11, 2015 9:51 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | News | Comments

Whether a patient develops Parkinson’s disease or Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) depends on the shape of aggregates caused by a single protein known as alpha-synuclein, new research says. If the aggregates are ‘cylinders’ then Parkinson’s develops, while ‘ribbons’ lead to MSA.

Scientists Gain First Glimpse of New Concepts Developing in the Brain

June 10, 2015 9:57 am | by Carnegie Mellon University | News | Comments

Scientists have — for the first time — documented the formation of a newly learned concept inside the brain, which shows that it occurs in the same brain areas for everyone.

Scientists Isolate Smallest Unit of Sleep to Date

June 9, 2015 12:13 pm | by Washington State University | News | Comments

Scientists have grown a tiny group of brain cells that can be induced to fall asleep, wake up and even show rebound sleep after "staying up late."The study - the first to document that sleep originates in small neural networks - opens the door to deeper understanding of the genetic, molecular and electrical aspects underlying sleep disorders.

Injectable Device Delivers Nano-view of the Brain

June 9, 2015 11:36 am | by Harvard University | News | Comments

An international team of researchers has developed a method of fabricating nanoscale electronic scaffolds that can be injected via syringe. The scaffolds can then be connected to devices and used to monitor neural activity, stimulate tissues, or even promote regeneration of neurons.

Researchers Discover Missing Link Between Brain and Immune System

June 9, 2015 10:40 am | by Joe Shust, Editor, Continuity Insights | News | Comments

Scientists have discovered a previously unknown connection between the brain and immune system that could result in drastic breakthroughs in treating diseases, including Alzheimer’s.

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Scientists Find Growth Factors That Build Brains also Build Memories

June 8, 2015 12:05 pm | by NYU | News | Comments

A team of neuroscientists has determined how a pair of growth factor molecules contributes to long-term memory formation, a finding that appears in the journal Neuron.

Workings of Working Memory Revealed

June 8, 2015 11:58 am | by University of Oxford | News | Comments

Our understanding of how a key part of the human brain works may be wrong, according to a new study.

Bioscience Bulletin: the Wonder of Sleep; the Origin of Life; and Why Your Cat is a Food Snob

June 5, 2015 4:25 pm | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | News | Comments

Welcome to Bioscience Technology’s new series Bioscience Bulletin, where we bring you the five most popular headlines from the week.

DNA Breakage Underlies Both Learning, Age-related Damage

June 5, 2015 9:49 am | by Helen Knight, MIT | News | Comments

Process that allows brains to learn and remember also leads to degeneration with age.

Scientists Show fMRI Memory Detectors can be Easily Fooled

June 5, 2015 9:20 am | by Bjorn Carey, Stanford University | News | Comments

Real-time brain scans coupled with a machine-learning algorithm can reveal whether a person has memory of a particular subject. Now, scientists have shown that, with a little bit of concentration, people can easily hide their memories from the computer.

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Researchers Pinpoint Epicenter of Brain’s Predictive Ability

June 3, 2015 10:38 am | by Northeastern University | News | Comments

In recent years, scientists have discovered the human brain works on predictions, contrary to the previously accepted theory that it reacts to the sensations it picks up from the outside world. Experts say humans’ reac­tions are in fact the body adjusting to predictions the brain is making based on the state of our body the last time it was in a similar situation.

Poor Sleep Linked to Toxic Buildup of Alzheimer’s Protein, Memory Loss

June 3, 2015 9:27 am | by UC Berkeley | News | Comments

Sleep may be a missing piece in the Alzheimer’s disease puzzle. Scientists have found compelling evidence that poor sleep — particularly a deficit of the deep, restorative slumber needed to hit the save button on memories — is a channel through which the beta-amyloid protein believed to trigger Alzheimer’s disease attacks the brain’s long-term memory.

Sleep Links Memories, Drives Immunity, Hikes Height—and More

June 2, 2015 9:41 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

According to sleep specialists talking on Alan Alda’s World Science Festival panel “What is Sleep?,” the last decade of research has revealed that the sleeping brain links current and past memories, re-rehearses and finesses activities tried during the day, and even secretes chemicals that make teens taller—among other things.

Adolescent Brain Develops Differently in Bipolar Disorder

June 1, 2015 10:19 am | by Yale University | News | Comments

In adolescents with bipolar disorder, key areas of the brain that help regulate emotions develop differently, a new study shows.

Researchers Test Mind-Controlled Robotic Prosthetic

June 1, 2015 8:30 am | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Videos | Comments

This is part of an ongoing series focusing on the way robotics will impact our lives.

Bioscience Bulletin: Genes, Greens, and Abstract-thinking Infants

May 29, 2015 4:02 pm | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | News | Comments

Welcome to Bioscience Technology’s new series Bioscience Bulletin, where we bring you the five most popular headlines from the week.

Electric Stimulation May Improve Thinking in People with Schizophrenia

May 29, 2015 10:02 am | by Johns Hopkins | News | Comments

Lightly stimulating the brain with electricity may improve short-term memory in people with schizophrenia, according to a new study.

Brain Connectivity Study Could Lead to Better Outcomes for Epilepsy Patients

May 29, 2015 9:11 am | by UCSF | News | Comments

A new study found that patients with epilepsy have significantly weaker connections throughout their brain, particularly in regions important for attention and cognition, compared to individuals without epilepsy.

Researchers Find “Lost” Memories

May 29, 2015 9:09 am | by MIT | News | Comments

Scientists use optogenetics to reactivate memories that could not otherwise be retrieved.

Creativity Tied to Cerebellum for First Time

May 29, 2015 9:08 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Articles | Comments

Trying to be creative may actually inhibit your ability to do so, according to a new study by researchers at Stanford University.

Zebrafish Model Gives New Insight on Autism Spectrum Disorder

May 28, 2015 9:46 am | by University of Miami | News | Comments

Study of zebrafish reveals how dysfunction of SHANK3 or SYNGAP1 genes play a role in the development of Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Imaging Test May Identify Biomarker of Alzheimer's Disease

May 28, 2015 8:59 am | by Radiological Society of North America | News | Comments

Degeneration of the white matter of the brain may be an early marker of specific types of Alzheimer's disease (AD), including early-onset AD, according to results of a new study published in the journal Radiology.

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