Scientists studying two genes that are mutated in an early-onset form of Parkinson’s disease have deciphered how normal versions of these genes collaborate to help rid cells of damaged mitochondria.
People make immediate judgments about images they are shown, which could impact on their decisions, even before their brains have had time to consciously process the information, a study of brainwaves has found.
Schizophrenia and bipolar disorder both appear to be associated with dendritic spine loss in the brain, according to a new study, which suggests that the two distinct disorders may share common pathophysiological features.
Ongoing research is investigating the connection between initial seizures and the onset of epilepsy later in life. Nearly one in 10 Americans will experience an initial seizure, but only 3 percent of those who experience a seizure will go on to develop epilepsy.
Omega-3 fatty acids, more commonly known as fish oil, have a long list of health benefits, including lowering the risk of heart disease and reducing triglyceride levels. These nutritional compounds are also known to have anti-depressant and anti-inflammatory properties.
In the first small study of a novel, personalized and comprehensive program to reverse memory loss, nine of 10 participants displayed subjective or objective improvement in their memories.
Here’s another reason why it’s a good idea to hit the gym: it can improve memory. A new study shows that an intense workout of as little as 20 minutes can enhance episodic memory, also known as long-term memory for previous events, by about 10 percent in healthy young adults.
Scientists have moved a step closer to improving medical science through research involving muscle manipulation of fruit flies. They discovered in the flight muscles of Drosophila a new regulator of a process called alternative splicing.
Researchers have developed a scaling law that predicts a human’s risk of brain injury, based on previous studies of blasts’ effects on animal brains. The method may help the military develop more protective helmets, as well as aid clinicians in diagnosing traumatic brain injury.
The National Institutes of Health announced today its first wave of investments totaling $46 million in fiscal year 14 funds to support the goals of the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative.
On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski covers mosquitoes infected with a dengue-blocking bacteria that have been released in Brazil. Our second story highlights new research that has restored natural walking ability in completely paralyzed rats.
How the brain ages is still largely an open question– in part because this organ is mostly insulated from direct contact with other systems in the body, including the blood and immune systems. Now, new research may have found evidence of a unique “signature” that may be the “missing link” between cognitive decline and aging.
Researchers have shown that low levels of the protein progranulin in the brain can increase the formation of amyloid-beta plaques (a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease), cause neuroinflammation, and worsen memory deficits in a mouse model of this condition.
Tests on the brains of macaques have shown that neurons in at least two regions of the brain, the temporal and frontal lobes, are responsible for deciding which impressions reach our consciousness.
A new study further supports an inescapable message: caregivers have a profound influence— good or bad— on the emotional state of individuals with Alzheimer’s disease.
The first animal model for ALS dementia, a form of ALS that also damages the brain, has been developed by scientists. The advance will allow researchers to directly see the brains of living mice, under anesthesia, at the microscopic level.
New research suggests that people who notice their memory is slipping may be on to something. The research appears to confirm that self-reported memory complaints are strong predictors of clinical memory impairment later in life.
On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski covers research showing that measuring the brain’s response to sights and sounds can help in classifying people on the autism spectrum. Our second story looks at how the human response to unfairness may have involved in support of long-term cooperation.
Infants’ vocalizations throughout the first year follow a set of predictable steps from crying and cooing to forming syllables and first words. New research shows that infant vocalizations are primarily motivated by infants’ ability to hear their own babbling.
Simultaneously using mobile phones, laptops and other media devices could be changing the structure of our brains, according to new research.
A new study focused on mental well-being found that high and low mental well-being were consistently associated with an individual’s fruit and vegetable consumption.
Individual differences in early language development, and in later language functioning, are associated with changes in the anatomy of the brain in autism. A new study has found that a common characteristic of autism– language delay in early childhood– leaves a "signature" in the brain.
A new study reports preliminary results showing that a blood test, when used in psychiatric patients experiencing symptoms that are considered to be indicators of a high risk for psychosis, identifies those who later went on to develop psychosis.
Researchers found that participants with a western dietary pattern scored lower in cognitive tasks, particularly those involving reaction time/psychomotor function, visual attention, learning and memory.
On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski focuses on a new study that used a short movie to detect consciousness in vegetative state patients. Our second story explores how the amazing variety in human faces is the result of evolutionary pressure.