Researchers have shown that they can grow unlimited quantities of intestinal stem cells, then...
Chemical engineers have developed a novel way to generate nanoparticles that can recognize...
A new nanotechnology-based technique for regulating blood sugar in diabetics may give patients the ability to release insulin painlessly using a small ultrasound device, allowing them to go days between injections.
A research team has found that a specific chemical compound, an aldehyde, can activate UCP1, a protein known as UCP1 that enables babies or hibernating animals to keep warm without shivering, under certain conditions, and that could also trigger fat burning.
For the worst cases of type 1 diabetes, islet transplantation already has freed hundreds of people from complete dependence on insulin and from life-threatening consequences of the disease. However, the procedure still is regarded as experimental by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Scientists have used stem cells created from the skin of patients with a rare form of diabetes to elucidate an important biochemical pathway for beta-cell failure in diabetes.
For the first time, scientists have used new technology which analyses the whole genome to find the cause of a genetic disease in what was previously referred to as “junk DNA.”
In the first in-depth analysis of DNA methylation in fat, a process that affects the regulation of genes, researchers have linked regions of methylation to metabolic traits such as high body mass index (BMI) and obesity.
A growing body of evidence suggests that the brain plays a key role in glucose regulation and the development of type 2 diabetes, according to a new study.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced its preliminary determination that partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs), the primary dietary source of artificial trans fat in processed foods, are not “generally recognized as safe” for use in food.
New research shows obesity is the largest predictor of earlier onset puberty in girls, a phenomenon that is affecting white girls much sooner than previously reported. The multi-institutional study strengthens a growing body of research documenting the earlier onset of puberty in girls of all races.
In two comprehensive studies, scientists have discovered new associations of two major type 2 diabetes risk genotypes and altered plasma concentrations of metabolic products.
Using an in situ sectioning electron microscope, researchers have examined the internal structure of– and interaction between– liver cells.
For nearly 300 years, investigators have known that body temperature follows a circadian, or 24-hour, rhythm, with a peak during the day and a low at night. Now, researchers explain how body temperature rhythms are synchronized while maintaining the ability to adapt to changes in environmental temperature no matter the time of day or night.
Researchers have discovered a novel genetic cause of severe obesity which, although relatively rare, demonstrates for the first time that genes can reduce basal metabolic rate.
New study results show that patients with a body mass index (BMI) in the obese range live on average two to three months less after a pancreatic cancer diagnosis when compared with healthy weight patients.
Scientists have discovered key details of a brain-to-body signaling circuit that, when activated by combined signals from the neurotransmitters serotonin and adrenaline, enables roundworms to lose weight independently of food intake.
Scientists have discovered that the same protein that controls fat metabolism in the liver resides in the memory center of the brain (hippocampus) and controls memory and learning.
Call it kin to blue-green algae.Researchers have identified a new bacteria found in groundwater and in mammalian guts– including those in humans. The newly discovered Melainabacteria may play a role in digesting fiber; it is more abundant in herbivorous mammals and in people with plant-rich diets.
A new registry study dismisses the long-debated association between Celiac disease- gluten intolerance- and increased risk of autism spectrum disorders. Several case reports have suggested an association between Celiac disease (CD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, research findings have been contradictory, with most studies suggesting no association between the two diseases.
In ongoing research aimed at battling obesity, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have deciphered how new fat cells are formed in energy-storing fat pads. In particular, researchers sought to find out the origin of “brown” fat cells and whether humans can make more of them in order to burn extra calories.
A new laser, the Supra Scan Multi-spot Laser, is helping experts provide better treatment for eye diseases. This advanced laser can prevent blindness for some patients with serious conditions. The first patient received treatment from the laser for proliferative diabetic retinopathy on July 22.
Clinicians should be extra vigilant when prescribing antidepressants as they could pose a risk of type 2 diabetes, researchers have warned. A systematic review showed that people taking antidepressants are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
Spanish scientists are the first to reveal the previously unknown enigma of the effect melatonin has to counter obesity in the organism and why it has metabolic benefits in treating diabetes and hyperlipidemia. Melatonin is a natural hormone segregated by the body and melatonin levels generally increase in the dark at night.
An unhealthy lifestyle leaves traces in the DNA. These may have specific effects on metabolism, causing organ damage or disease. In the world-first epigenome-wide association study (EWAS) of modified genes and metabolites, scientists have now identified 28 DNA alterations associated with metabolic traits.
The way the stomach detects and tells our brains how full we are becomes damaged in obese people but does not return to normal once they lose weight, according to new research. Researchers believe this could be a key reason why most people who lose weight on a diet eventually put that weight back on.
A new link between meal times and daily changes in the immune system has been identified by UC researchers, and has led them to question assumptions about the roles of specific immune cells in infection and allergy. A white blood cell of the immune system that is thought to fight parasitic worms might actually help the invaders, according the research.
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