President Obama held a press conference today revealing new details surrounding the Precision Medicine initiative he announced during the State of The Union.
This is the first official look at the life sciences division of Google X. ...
Researchers have begun to appreciate the importance of copy number variation when considering...
Researchers have shown that inhibiting a previously unknown brain circuit that regulates compulsive sugar consumption does not interfere with healthy eating.
Researchers found they could ‘reverse’ type 2 diabetes in laboratory models by dampening the inflammatory response in fat tissue.
Cornell researchers have achieved this feat in rats by engineering human lactobacilli, a common gut bacteria, to secrete a protein called Glucagen-like peptide 1 (GLP-1).
Scientists have determined how an enzyme essential for energy metabolism functions.
It involves fostering a community of "good" gut bacteria.
By uncovering the action of two naturally occurring hormones, scientists may have discovered a way to assist in the shedding of excess fat.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved the Maestro Rechargeable System for certain obese adults, the first weight loss treatment device that targets the nerve pathway between the brain and the stomach that controls feelings of hunger and fullness.
Fibrosis is a constant feature of all chronic liver diseases.
Diabetes treatments have saved many lives, but in older patients with multiple medical conditions, aggressively controlling blood sugar with insulin and sulfonylurea drugs, could lead to over-treatment and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), according to new research by Yale School of Medicine researchers.
In the race to find a safe and effective weight loss drug, much attention has focused on the chemical processes that store and use energy.
The agreement will integrate genomics research conducted at Columbia with Biogen Idec’s understanding of disease mechanisms and pathways, and expertise in discovering new medicines.
Two new studies have identified a unique molecule that not only gobbles up bad cells, but also has the ability to repair damaged nerve cells.
The investment made by Nestle Health Science, a subsidiary of Nestle, will help fund the next stage of development for the startup's CDI treatment.
The fructose-glucose mixture found in high-fructose corn syrup was more toxic to mice than sucrose or table sugar.
Studies consistently show that people born weighing 6 pounds or less face an increased risk for type 2 diabetes as adults.
Researchers have developed an entirely new type of pill that tricks the body into thinking it has consumed calories, causing it to burn fat.
Investigators working to unravel the impact of genetics versus environment on traits such as obesity may also need to consider a new factor: when individuals were born.
A new study led by Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) researchers identifies a key molecular mechanism behind the health benefits of dietary restriction, or reduced food intake without malnutrition. Also known as calorie restriction, dietary restriction is best known for its ability to slow aging in laboratory animals.
Genes are important, but diet may be even more important in determining the relative abundance of the hundreds of health-shaping bacterial species comprising an individual’s gut microbiota, according to UC San Francisco scientists whose latest mouse experiments to probe this nature-versus-nurture balance were published online in Cell Host and Microbe.
Millions upon millions of medical records and test results. Countless DNA sequences. Hard drives stuffed with images of all kinds - pictures of cells, scans of body parts. It's all part of the deluge of information often known as "big data," an ever-growing stockpile of digital material that scientists hope will reveal insights about biology and lead to improvements in medical care.
Like human patients, mice with a form of Duchenne muscular dystrophy undergo progressive muscle degeneration and accumulate connective tissue as they age. Now, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have found that the fault may lie at least partly in the stem cells that surround the muscle fibers.
Researchers believe they’re on track to solve the mystery of weight gain – and it has nothing to do with indulging in holiday eggnog. They discovered that a protein, Thy1, has a fundamental role in controlling whether a primitive cell decides to become a fat cell, making Thy1 a possible therapeutic target.
Researchers have taken what they describe as “the first step toward a pill that can replace the treadmill” for the control of obesity, though that shift, of course, would not provide all of the many benefits of exercise.
Leptin, a hormone that regulates the amount of fat stored in the body, also drives the increase in blood pressure that occurs with weight gain, according to researchers.
The Mediterranean diet consistently has been linked with an array of health benefits, including decreased risk of chronic disease and cancer. Until now, however, no studies had associated the diet with longer telomeres, one of the biomarkers of aging. Read more...
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