The popular culinary herbs oregano and rosemary are packed with healthful compounds, and now lab tests show they could work in much the same way as prescription anti-diabetic medication, scientists report. In their new study, they found that how the herbs are grown makes a difference, and they also identified which compounds contribute the most to this promising trait.
People with Type 2 diabetes have an excess of a protein called islet amyloid polypeptide, or...
A probiotic that prevents obesity could be on the horizon. Bacteria that produce a...
Adults with extreme obesity have increased risks of dying at a young age from cancer and many other causes including heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and kidney and liver diseases, according to results of a new analysis.
Scientists have identified a set of 10 proteins in the blood which can predict the onset of Alzheimer’s, marking a significant step towards developing a blood test for the disease.
Scientists have discovered that obese individuals lack a protein that is essential for regulating blood glucose levels, causing them to face higher risks of developing diabetes.
By switching off a single gene, scientists have converted human gastrointestinal cells into insulin-producing cells, demonstrating in principle that a drug could retrain cells inside a person's GI tract to produce insulin.
A piece of detective work has mapped a special gene variant among Greenlanders that plays a particularly important role in the development of type 2 diabetes. The results can be used to improve prevention and treatment options for those genetically at-risk.
Researchers, tackling a modern challenge of diabetes research, have identified a gene believed to disrupt the ability of beta cells to produce insulin resulting in type 1 diabetes. The loss of beta cell function may be driven by a defect in Clec16a, a gene responsible for getting rid of old mitochondria, and making room for fresh ones. Healthy mitochondria are crucial to allowing beta cells to produce insulin and control blood sugar levels.
Scientists have made big progress on a "bionic pancreas" to free some people with diabetes from the daily ordeal of managing their disease. A wearable, experimental device passed a real-world test, constantly monitoring blood sugar and automatically giving insulin or a sugar-boosting drug as eeded, doctors said.
An imbalance of female sex hormones among men in Western nations may be contributing to high levels of male obesity, according to new research. The study suggest that obesity among Western men could be linked with exposure to substances containing the female sex hormone estrogen.
The gluten-specific enzyme ALV003 reduces exposure to gluten and gluten’s potential harm in individuals suffering who have celiac disease, according to a new study.
Nearly half a million people with diabetes end up in emergency rooms around the U.S. every year due to the seizures and other consequences of dropping or spiking blood-sugar levels associated with the disease. To help prevent serious complications, scientists have now developed a new glucose-sensing protein that could one day be part of an implantable, 24-7 monitoring device
Obesity surgery may keep diabetes in remission even after 15 years in some patients, a study suggests. Long-term results were missing for more than half the patients who began the study and remission rates dropped off considerably. But still, 35 out of 115 patients remained diabetes-free 15 years after surgery. Also, 20 years after surgery, about 25 patients remained free of diabetes complications including eye and kidney problems.
Researchers are a step closer to establishing the link between a protein with a split personality and type 1 diabetes. New research shows how the protein GAD65 changes its shape when it turns itself on and off. This characteristic may also link it to type 1 diabetes.
Scientists have identified problems in a connection between brain structures that may predispose individuals to hearing the “voices” that are a common symptom of schizophrenia. Researchers linked the problem to a gene deletion.
The calorie-burning triggered by cold temperatures can be achieved biochemically– without the chill– raising hopes for a weight-loss strategy focused on the immune system rather than the brain, according to a new study.
You are what you eat, but researchers are beginning to realize that what and when you eat is controlled by a myriad of underlying biological triggers acting in concert.
Limiting saturated fat could help people whose genetic make-up increases their chance of being obese, according to a new study. The findings could be useful in identifying people who are predisposed to obesity and could ultimately lead to personalized dietary recommendations.
Studying mice, researchers have found a way to prevent nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. Blocking a path that delivers dietary fructose to the liver is what prevented mice from developing the condition.
Many people with cystic fibrosis develop diabetes. The reasons for this have been largely unknown, but now researchers have identified a molecular mechanism that contributes to the raised diabetes risk.
Twenty years after the hormone leptin was found to regulate metabolism, appetite, and weight through brain cells called neurons, researchers have found that the hormone also acts on other types of cells to control appetite.
A sensor which can be used to screen for diabetes in resource-poor settings has been developed by researchers and tested in diabetic patients, and will soon be field tested in sub-Saharan Africa.
Researchers identified within animal models an enzyme that links genetic pathways that control aging with the death of dopamine neurons– a clinical hallmark of Parkinson’s disease.
Almost a third of the world is now fat, and no country has been able to curb obesity rates in the last three decades, according to a new global analysis. Researchers found more than 2 billion people worldwide are now overweight or obese.
Blocking a pain receptor in mice not only extends their lifespan, it also gives them a more youthful metabolism, including an improved insulin response that allows them to deal better with high blood sugar.
New research has identified a genetic mutation responsible for the cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that comprise the obesity-related metabolic syndrome.
Researchers have identified the mechanism by which an enzyme produced in the intestinal lining helps maintain a healthy population of gastrointestinal microbes, showing that IAP promotes the growth of beneficial bacteria by blocking the previously unknown growth-inhibiting action of ATP within the intestine.
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