Researchers studying lipoproteins in Drosophila melanogaster found that that the blood-brain barrier is a main sensor to report the nutritional status, especially the lipid composition of consumed food, to special neurons that regulate insulin release.
A hormone seen as a popular target to develop weight loss drugs works by directly...
Getting enough magnesium in the diet may reduce the risk of diabetes, especially for those...
Researchers have successfully transplanted “organoids” of functioning human intestinal...
Scientists have made a surprising finding about the aggregates of misfolded cellular proteins that have been linked to aging-related disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.
Short-term modest weight gains in healthy, normal weight young adults was associated with more bad cholesterol levels in those who ate muffins cooked using saturated oil. However, individuals in the same study who ate muffins made with polyunsaturated oils had improved blood cholesterol profiles, according to a new study.
As San Diego’s ViaCyte was in the midst of launching the first FDA-approved embryonic stem (ES) cell clinical trial for diabetics last week, Boston’s Harvard University reported that cells made from ES cells “cured” diabetic mice.
For many patients diagnosed with diabetes, treating the disease can mean a burdensome and uncomfortable lifelong routine of monitoring blood sugar levels and injecting the insulin that their bodies don't naturally produce. Now, tiny biosensors are being developed that could one day eliminate the need for these manual blood sugar tests.
Scientists have discovered a new class of molecules– produced in human and mouse fat– that protects against diabetes. The researchers found that giving this new fat to mice with the equivalent of type 2 diabetes lowered their elevated blood sugar.
Fad diets come and go, but might there be something to the ones that involve consuming grapefruit and grapefruit juice? New research suggests that a closer look at grapefruit juice is warranted.
Studying rats as model subjects, scientists found that adolescents were at an increased risk of suffering negative health effects from sugar-sweetened beverage consumption.
A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique can detect signs of cognitive decline in the brain even before symptoms appear, according to a new study. The technique has the potential to serve as a biomarker in very early diagnosis of preclinical dementia.
Imagine being able to take a pill that lets you eat all of the ice cream, cookies, and cakes that you wanted– without gaining any weight. New research found a new way to suppress the obesity that accompanies a high-sugar diet, pinning it down to a key gene that pharmaceutical companies have already developed drugs to target.
By studying identical twins, researchers have identified mechanisms that could be behind the development of type 2 diabetes. This may explain cases where one identical twin develops type 2 diabetes while the other remains healthy.
The exact cause of juvenile type 1 diabetes has eluded scientists, but a new study suggests a likely trigger before birth. A recent paper puts forth evidence that the autoimmune disease is initiated in utero.
The use of broad-spectrum antibiotics by children before the age of 24 months was associated with increased risk of obesity in early childhood, according to a new study.
Doctors at three leading research institutions and the American Diabetes Association report that treating patients with prediabetes as if they had diabetes could help prevent or delay the most severe complications associated with this chronic disease.
Using artificial sweeteners may set the stage for diabetes in some people by hampering the way their bodies handle sugar, suggests a preliminary study done mostly in mice.
Aging of insulin-secreting cells is coupled to a progressive decline in signal transduction and insulin release, according to a recent study. The finding provides a new molecular mechanism underlying age-related impairment of insulin-producing cells and diabetes.
The number of American men and women with big-bellied, apple-shaped figures — the most dangerous kind of obesity — has climbed at a startling rate over the past decade, according to a government study.
Researchers have identified nine genetic variants that dramatically increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, adding to our knowledge of the disease’s underpinnings and providing a glimpse of its vast genetic diversity.
A new study has identified a pathological process that takes place in both mice and humans towards one of the most common diseases that people face in the industrialized world: type 2 diabetes.
People who are obese may be more susceptible to environmental food cues than their lean counterparts due to differences in brain chemistry that make eating more habitual and less rewarding, according to a new study.
People can become addicted to eating for its own sake but not to consuming specific foods such as those high in sugar or fat, new research suggests. An international team of scientists has found no strong evidence for people being addicted to the chemical substances in certain foods.
A meta-analysis comprising 16 studies and 891,426 participants from various regions of the world shows that prediabetes increases the risk of cancer by 15 percent, with differing risks depending on the type of cancer.
A spinach extract containing green leaf membranes called thylakoids decreases hedonic hunger with up to 95 percent and increases weight loss by 43 percent, according to a new study.
On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski highlights the link between mid-life obesity and an increased dementia risk later in life. Our second story focuses on researchers who are sequencing salamander genomes.
Scientists have demonstrated the effectiveness of a fiber-based dietary ingredient that makes people feel less hungry and consume less food. Tthe new product consists of a combination of dietary fiber sources including a viscous hydrocolloid and a whole-grain corn flour rich in resistant starch.
Researchers have developed a way to use a laser to measure people's blood sugar, and, with more work to shrink the laser system to a portable size, the technique could allow diabetics to check their condition without pricking themselves to draw blood.
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