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Sleep Apnea Linked with Blood Sugar Levels

April 3, 2014 1:39 pm | News | Comments

Sleep apnea has been linked with elevated blood sugar levels, suggesting people with the condition could be at an increased risk of cardiovascular illness and mortality. The findings of a new study add to a growing body of evidence that suggests that sleep apnea is linked with diabetes.

Study Finds Link Between Child's Obesity and Cognitive Function

April 2, 2014 2:21 pm | News | Comments

A new University of Illinois study finds that obese children are slower than healthy-weight...

Key Chocolate Ingredients Could Help Prevent Obesity, Diabetes

April 2, 2014 1:55 pm | News | Comments

Improved thinking. Decreased appetite. Lowered blood pressure. The potential health benefits of...

Model Predicts Blood Glucose Levels 30 Minutes Later

March 26, 2014 12:26 pm | News | Comments

A mathematical model created by Penn State researchers can predict with more than 90 percent...

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Potential New Therapeutic Target Identified to Control High Blood Sugar

March 20, 2014 1:12 pm | News | Comments

A UT Southwestern Medical Center study identified a new potential therapeutic target for controlling high blood sugar, a finding that could help the estimated 25 million Americans with type 2 diabetes. Researchers showed that lipid molecules called phosphatidic acids enhance glucose production in the liver. These findings suggest that inhibiting or reducing production of phosphatidic acids may do the opposite.

How the Science of Deer Hunting Can Help Patients with Diabetes

March 17, 2014 2:35 pm | News | Comments

Body odor is a deer hunter’s worst enemy, an alert to animals that an ominous presence is lurking, but the science behind suppressing it to give hunters an edge oddly enough could help researchers develop a life-saving device for diabetes patients.

New Findings Show Link Between Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer

March 14, 2014 1:10 pm | News | Comments

Researchers from the University of Melbourne have shown that there is an association between pancreatic cancer and diabetes. In a new study, clinicians worked with mathematicians to review data from 1973 to 2013 to conclude there was a time-dependent link between being diagnosed with diabetes and pancreatic cancer.

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Breast Cancer Gene Protects Against Obesity, Diabetes

March 12, 2014 2:24 pm | News | Comments

The gene known to be associated with breast cancer susceptibility, BRCA 1, plays a critical role in the normal metabolic function of skeletal muscle, according to a new study. The team is the first to identify that the BRCA1 protein is expressed in the skeletal muscle of both mice and humans, and that it plays a key role in fat storage, insulin response, and mitochondrial function in skeletal muscle cells.

Cellular Alchemy: Study Shows How to Make Insulin-Producing Cells from Gut Cells

March 12, 2014 2:04 pm | News | Comments

Destruction of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas is at the heart of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Transplanting islet cells to restore normal blood sugar levels in patients with severe type 1 diabetes is one approach to treating the disease, and using stem cells to create beta cells is another area of investigation. However, both of these strategies have limitations.

Inadequate Sleep Predicts Risk of Heart Disease, Diabetes in Obese Adolescents

March 6, 2014 2:16 pm | News | Comments

Obese adolescents not getting enough sleep? A new study shows they could be increasing their risk for developing diabetes, heart disease and stroke. Lack of sleep and obesity have been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in adults and young children. However, the association is not as clear in adolescents.

Liver Metabolism Study Could Help Patients Awaiting Transplants

March 4, 2014 1:17 pm | News | Comments

In a new study that could help doctors extend the lives of patients awaiting liver transplants, a Rice University-led team of researchers examined the metabolic breakdown that takes place in liver cells during late-stage cirrhosis and found clues that suggest new treatments to delay liver failure.

Study Pinpoints Protective Mutations for Type 2 Diabetes

March 3, 2014 11:03 am | News | Comments

A team of researchers identified mutations in a gene that can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, even in people who have risk factors such as obesity and old age. The results focus the search for developing novel therapeutic strategies for type 2 diabetes; if a drug can be developed that mimics the protective effect of these mutations, it could open up new ways of preventing this devastating disease.

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Breaking News: Do Obesity, Birth Control Pills Up MS Risk?

February 27, 2014 4:00 pm | News | Comments

In two new studies, the so-called “obesity hormone” leptin and hormones used for birth control are being examined for their potential role in the development of multiple sclerosis (MS).                   

Abdominal Fat Accumulation Prevented by Unsaturated Fat

February 24, 2014 1:44 pm | News | Comments

New research from Uppsala University shows that saturated fat builds more fat and less muscle than polyunsaturated fat. This is the first study on humans to show that the fat composition of food not only influences cholesterol levels in the blood and the risk of cardiovascular disease but also determines where the fat will be stored in the body.

Breaking News: Could Metabolism Play a Role in Epilepsy?

February 19, 2014 9:29 am | News | Comments

Researchers exploring a possible link between metabolic defects and seizures have determined that diet could influence susceptibility to seizures, and they have identified a common diabetes drug that could be a useful treatment.       

Geographic Variation of Human Gut Microbes Tied to Obesity

February 14, 2014 12:58 pm | News | Comments

People living in cold, northern latitudes have bacteria in their guts that may predispose them to obesity, according to a new study. The researchers’ analysis of the gut microbes of more than a thousand people from around the world showed that those living in northern latitudes had more gut bacteria that have been linked to obesity than did people living farther south.

Recycling of 'Chauffeur Protein' Helps Regulate Fat Production

February 11, 2014 1:23 pm | News | Comments

Studying a cycle of protein interactions needed to make fat, Johns Hopkins researchers say they have discovered a biological switch that regulates a protein that causes fatty liver disease in mice. Their findings, they report, may help develop drugs to decrease excessive fat production and its associated conditions in people, including fatty liver disease and diabetes.

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Building the Tools that Fight Type 1 Diabetes

February 10, 2014 1:13 pm | News | Comments

A cure for type 1 diabetes has long eluded even the top experts. Not because they do not know what must be done—but because the tools did not exist to do it. But now scientists in the laboratory of Gladstone Institutes’ Investigator Sheng Ding, MD, PhD, harnessing the power of regenerative medicine, have developed a technique in animal models that could replenish the very cells destroyed by the disease.

Obesity-Induced Fatty Liver Disease Reversed In Mice

February 3, 2014 10:57 am | Videos | Comments

Johns Hopkins researchers have discovered that valproic acid, a widely prescribed drug for treating epilepsy, has the additional benefits of reducing fat accumulation in the liver and lowering blood sugar levels in the blood of obese mice.

Resetting the Metabolic Clock

January 29, 2014 1:26 pm | News | Comments

We’ve all heard about circadian rhythm, the roughly 24-hour oscillations of biological processes that occur in many living organisms. Yet for all its influence in many aspects of our lives—from sleep to immunity and, particularly, metabolism—relatively little is understood about the mammalian circadian rhythm and the interlocking processes that comprise this complex biological clock.

New Molecule Protects the Brain from Detrimental Effects Associated with Diabetes and High Blood Sugar

January 29, 2014 1:12 pm | News | Comments

Researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have found a potential neuro-inflammatory pathway that could be responsible for the increases of diabetics’ risk of Alzheimer's and dementia. They also reveal a potential treatment to reverse this process.

Insulin-Producing Beta Cells from Stem Cells

January 23, 2014 1:51 pm | News | Comments

The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and microRNA 335 are instrumental in helping form differentiated progenitor cells from stem cells. These are organized in germ layers and are thus the origin of different tissue types, including the pancreas and its insulin-producing beta cells.

Google Develops Contact Lens Glucose Monitor

January 17, 2014 10:08 am | by Martha Mendoza - AP National Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Google unveiled a contact lens that monitors glucose levels in tears, a potential reprieve for millions of diabetics who have to jab their fingers to draw their own blood as many as 10 times a day. The prototype, which Google says will take at least five years to reach consumers, is one of several medical devices being designed by companies to make glucose monitoring for diabetic patients more convenient.

Study Dispels 'Obesity Paradox' Idea for Diabetics

January 15, 2014 5:57 pm | by MARILYNN MARCHIONE - AP Chief Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

The controversial notion that being overweight might actually be healthier for some people with diabetes — seems to be a myth, researchers report. A major study finds there's no survival advantage to being large, and a disadvantage to being very large.

Multihormone Reverses Metabolic Damage of High Calorie Diet

January 15, 2014 11:44 am | News | Comments

A single molecule, which acts equally on the receptors of the metabolic hormones glucagon and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) improves body weight and diabetes through restored function of the anti-obesity hormone leptin.  Scientists found out that treatment of obese mice with this GLP-1/Glucagon co-agonist improves metabolism and body weight associated with restored function of the weight lowering hormone leptin.

Fish Derived Serum Omega-3 Fatty Acids Help Reduce the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

January 14, 2014 11:12 am | News | Comments

High concentrations of serum long-chain omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a University of Eastern Finland study. The sources of these fatty acids are fish and fish oils. The Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD) determined the serum omega-3 fatty acid concentrations of 2,212 men between 42 and 60 years of age at the onset of the study, in 1984–1989.

Non-coding DNA Implicated in Type 2 Diabetes

January 13, 2014 12:00 pm | News | Comments

Variations in non-coding sections of the genome might be important contributors to type 2 diabetes risk, according to a new study. DNA sequences that don’t encode proteins were once dismissed as “junk DNA”, but scientists are increasingly discovering that some regions are important for controlling which genes are switched on.

Mapping Reveals 110 MS Risk Genes

January 9, 2014 12:45 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have mapped genetic variations associated with an increased risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) and myasthenia gravis (MG), bringing science one step closer to understanding these serious autoimmune disorders.         

New Brain Protein Linked to Obesity

January 8, 2014 12:54 pm | News | Comments

A new neuroscience study sheds light on the biological underpinnings of obesity. The in vivo study reveals how a protein in the brain helps regulate food intake and body weight.                      

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