Researchers have identified a small protein with a big role in lowering plasma glucose and increasing insulin sensitivity. The report indicates that Sestrin 3 plays a critical role in regulating molecular pathways that control the production of glucose and insulin sensitivity in the liver.
Researchers are building an entire technology around tiny, microscopic bubbles– a technology that has the potential to play an important role in diagnosing as well as treating disease like stroke and cancer.
Asthma may be more harmful than was previously thought, according to researchers who found that genetic damage is present in circulating, or peripheral, blood.
Geneticists report they have developed a novel tool— dubbed “the telomerator”— that could redefine the limits of synthetic biology and advance how successfully living things can be engineered or constructed in the laboratory based on an organism’s genetic, chemical base-pair structure.
Although gluten-free foods are trendy among the health-conscious, they are necessary for those with celiac disease. But gluten, the primary trigger for health problems in these patients, may not be the only culprit.
Genetically engineering tumors in mice, a technique that has dominated cancer research for decades, may not replicate important features of cancers caused by exposure to environmental carcinogens, according to a new study.
A multicenter team of researchers has identified an enzyme key to the survival and spread of glioblastoma cancer cells that is not present in healthy brain cells, making the enzyme a promising therapeutic target.
The current Ebola outbreak shows how quickly diseases can spread with global jet travel. Yet knowing how to predict the spread of these epidemics is still uncertain, because the complicated models used are not fully understood, according to scientists.
The Ebola outbreak has spawned a "silent killer," experts say: hidden cases of malaria, pneumonia, typhoid and the like that are going untreated because people in the countries hardest hit by the dreaded virus either cannot find an open clinic or are too afraid to go to one.
Through a new, semi-secretive extension of the company, Google is working on a slew of ambitious projects that could drastically revolutionize healthcare as we know it.
New research shows that using rTMS, a new type of brain stimulation, can improve some of the abnormalities in brain activity of patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
As potential next-generation therapeutics and research tools, few life sciences technologies hold more promise than genome-editing proteins— molecules that can be programmed to alter specific genes to treat or perhaps cure genetic diseases.
Scientists have shown that a receptor activated by bile acids can reduce fat-tissue inflammation and insulin resistance in obesity-linked diabetes.
In a study that could provide the foundation for scientists to more precisely replicate natural stem cell development in an artificial environment, researchers have established a standard to assess how conditions used to procure stem cells in the lab compare to those found in a human embryo.
Professor David Sinclair has some complaints about the human lifespan. It’s too short, for a start. But, “it doesn’t have to be this way,” he told an audience on Monday.
A group of scientists has fused the power of statistical physics and artificial intelligence into a mathematical toolkit that can turn cancer-mutation data into multidimensional models that show how specific mutations alter the social networks of proteins in cells.
Thousands of people in Sierra Leone are being forced to violate Ebola quarantines to find food because deliveries are not reaching them, aid agencies said.
Immunotherapy that can be effective against tumors in young, thin mice can be lethal to obese ones, a new study has found. The findings suggest a possible link between body fat and the risk of toxicity from some types of immunotherapy.
A team of showed that it is possible to detect, in patients at risk of developing lung cancer, early signs of disease several months, and in some cases several years, before the cancer becomes detectable by CT scanning.
New research sheds light on the question of which cells support viral replication and persistence, and the answers have implications for future efforts to eliminate HIV from the body in human patients.
An antibody abundant in mice and previously thought to offer poor assistance in fighting against infection may actually play a key role in keeping immune responses in check and preventing more serious self-inflicted forms of kidney disease, researchers say.
New research dramatically alters the prevailing theory of how Alzheimer’s disease develops. The research also helps explains why some people with plaque buildup in their brains don’t develop dementia, and shows the potential of a cancer drug to combat the disease.
People who are shorter than average height have an increased risk of dying with dementia, a study has found. Researchers examined several health studies of the general population, which recorded health information such as blood pressure, height, weight and risk factors for ill health.
Philanthropist Bill Gates says he wants to end malaria in his lifetime and will give more money toward that goal, part of his broader fight against tropical diseases that are getting unusual public attention because of the Ebola epidemic.
Top medical experts studying the spread of Ebola say the public should expect more cases to emerge in the United States by year's end as infected people arrive here from West Africa, including American doctors and nurses returning from the hot zone and people fleeing from the deadly disease.