According to a recent National Science Foundation study, state government agency expenditures for R&D totaled $1.4 billion in fiscal year 2011, an 11 percent increase over the $1.3 billion reported in FY 2010.
New research has found that people experiencing depressive episodes display increased brain activity when they think about themselves.
New research shows that chronic stress changes gene activity in immune cells before they reach the bloodstream. With these changes, the cells are primed to fight an infection or trauma that doesn’t actually exist, leading to an overabundance of the inflammation that is linked to many health problems.
Testosterone treatments may increase risks for heart attacks, strokes and death in older men with low hormone levels and other health problems, a big Veterans Affairs study suggests.
Two knee surgeons have discovered a previously undescribed ligament in the human knee. The ligament appears to play an important role in patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears.
The generic anticonvulsant medication gabapentin shows promise as an effective treatment for alcohol dependence, based on the results of a 150-patient clinical trial of the medication. The study found that alcohol dependent patients using gabapentin were more likely to stop drinking or refrain from heavy drinking than those taking placebo.
Using brain-wide and consistent tracer data, the researchers proposed a novel understanding of brain architecture using a network representation of connections within the primate cortex.
Researcher Finds Way to Reduce Unnecessary Lab Tests, Decrease Patient Costs by Modifying Software DesignNovember 5, 2013 12:36 pm | News | Comments
When patients undergo diagnostic lab tests as part of the inpatient admission process, they may wonder why or how physicians choose particular tests. Now, a researcher and her colleagues have studied how to modify these lists to ensure health professionals order relevant tests and omit unnecessary lab tests.
A multi-institutional research team, led by Johns Hopkins engineers, says it has solved the puzzle of why animals push in directions that don’t point toward their goal, like the side-to-side sashaying of a running lizard or cockroach.
Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a test that should turbocharge their efforts. The new research is part of a worldwide effort to create fuels from plants that are plentiful and aren't part of the food supply. It's possible to do this today, but the process is costly, laborious and lengthy.
A team of Virginia Tech researchers is investigating the challenges presented by four often deadly pathogens that have been documented in household or hospital tap water. They propose fighting these opportunistic pathogens with harmless microbes—a probiotic approach for cleaning up plumbing.
New research shows obesity is the largest predictor of earlier onset puberty in girls, a phenomenon that is affecting white girls much sooner than previously reported. The multi-institutional study strengthens a growing body of research documenting the earlier onset of puberty in girls of all races.
Nitric oxide (NO) is one of the most important signaling molecules in living cells, carrying messages within the brain and coordinating immune system functions. In many cancerous cells, levels are perturbed, but very little is known about how NO behaves in both healthy and cancerous cells.
An experimental vaccine to protect against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a leading cause of illness and hospitalization among very young children, elicited high levels of RSV-specific antibodies when tested in animals, according to a new report.
Cisplatin is a chemotherapy drug given to more than half of all cancer patients. The drug kills cells very effectively, but tumors can become resistant to the drug and grow back. A new study offers a possible way to overcome that resistance.
Scientists have demonstrated that that cancer cells need a protein called Bod1 to grow and divide. When this protein is removed, cancer cells lose control of cell division and die.
In 2011, 1,925 malaria cases were reported in the United States, according to data published in a supplement of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) released by the CDC. This number is the highest since 1971 and represents a 14 percent increase since 2010.
Researchers have developed a computerized system that can track patients’ brain activity during a coma and automatically adjust drug dosages to maintain the correct state.
Five decades of isolation, military rule and woeful health care have left Myanmar with a particularly high rate of blindness. Now, the veil of darkness is starting to lift, thanks in part to a surgical procedure that allows cataracts to be removed safely, without stitches, through two small incisions.
A bone drug already on the market for osteoporosis may kill chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) stem cells thought to persist in the bone marrow after standard therapy, lowering the likelihood of disease recurrence, according to a new study.
Imitation may be the sincerest form of flattery for adults, but for babies it’s their foremost tool for learning. Researchers have found the first evidence revealing a key aspect of the brain processing that occurs in babies to allow this learning by observation.
Scientists have developed a new method for creating stem cells for the human liver and pancreas. This method could enable both cell types to be grown in sufficient quantities for clinical use.
A team of scientists created and characterized a new molecule, using elements of Clostridium botulinum and Clostridium tetani neurotoxins, that was able to alleviate hypersensitivity to inflammatory pain.
Research into clinical use of microbeam radiation therapy (MRT) has been limited because of the sheer size of the technology required to generate the beams. Now, researchers have developed a new microbeam emitter which has scaled down the technology, opening the doors for clinical research.