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'Biospleen' is a Blood Cleanser for Sepsis

September 15, 2014 1:21 pm | News | Comments

Things can go downhill fast when a patient has sepsis, a life-threatening condition in which bacteria or fungi multiply in the blood—often too fast for antibiotics to help. A new device inspired by the human spleen may radically transform the way doctors treat sepsis.

New Knowledge of Genes Driving Bladder Cancer Points to Targeted Treatments

September 15, 2014 1:08 pm | News | Comments

The story of cancer care seems so simple: find the mutated gene that causes cancer and...

Researchers Find Final Pieces to Circadian Clock Puzzle

September 15, 2014 12:59 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have discovered how two genes– Period and Cryptochrome– keep the circadian...

Neural Compensation Found in People With Alzheimer’s-related Protein

September 15, 2014 12:48 pm | News | Comments

The human brain is capable of a neural workaround that compensates for the buildup of beta...

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Schizophrenia is Actually 8 Genetic Disorders

September 15, 2014 12:41 pm | News | Comments

New research shows that schizophrenia isn’t a single disease but a group of eight genetically distinct disorders, each with its own set of symptoms.                             

U.S. Works to Step Up Ebola Aid, But is it Enough?

September 15, 2014 3:35 am | by Lauran Neergaard - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

The American strategy on Ebola is two-pronged: Step up desperately needed aid to West Africa and, in an unusual step, train U.S. doctors and nurses for volunteer duty in the outbreak zone.                 

Kids' Poisonings Linked to Anti-addiction Medicine

September 15, 2014 12:34 am | by Lindsey Tanner - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

An anti-addiction drug used to fight the nation's heroin and painkiller abuse epidemics poses a threat to young children who accidentally swallow relatives' prescriptions, a federal study says. Some children have died.          

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Study Links Genetic Mutation to Melanoma Progression

September 11, 2014 3:45 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have found that the genetic mutation BRAFV600E , frequently found in metastatic melanoma, not only secretes a protein that promotes the growth of melanoma tumor cells, but can also modify the network of normal cells around the tumor to support the disease's progression.

Two Anti-Ebola Vaccines in Historic Race

September 11, 2014 3:38 pm | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

One of the most rapidly fast-tracked vaccines in history— an anti-Ebola “ChAd3” vaccine— just started clinical trial in humans, and may be done as soon as November. But a second fast-tracked anti-Ebola vaccine— called an “rVSV” vaccine— is hot on its heels.

Gut Microbes Determine How Well Flu Vaccine Works

September 11, 2014 3:34 pm | News | Comments

Mice treated with antibiotics to remove most of their intestinal bacteria or raised under sterile conditions have impaired antibody responses to seasonal influenza vaccination, researchers have found.               

Neurochemical Imbalance Discovered in Schizophrenia

September 11, 2014 3:28 pm | News | Comments

Using human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), researchers have discovered that neurons from patients with schizophrenia secrete higher amounts of three neurotransmitters broadly implicated in a range of psychiatric disorders.     

Using Antibiotics to Help Heart Problems

September 11, 2014 12:17 pm | News | Comments

A research team is looking at whether an antibiotic has the potential to prevent or treat irregular heartbeats brought on by other medicines, thanks to a grant from national charity in the UK.                 

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Method Turns Skin Cells Into Immune-fighting White Blood Cells

September 11, 2014 12:12 pm | News | Comments

For the first time, scientists have turned human skin cells into transplantable white blood cells, soldiers of the immune system that fight infections and invaders.                         

New Evidence Shows Sleep Apnea Hurts Your Brain

September 11, 2014 12:08 pm | News | Comments

Employing a measure rarely used in sleep apnea studies, researchers uncovered evidence of what may be damaging the brain in people with the sleep disorder— weaker brain blood flow.                     

Ebola’s Ripple Effects

September 11, 2014 12:04 pm | Videos | Comments

The race to stamp out West Africa’s Ebola epidemic is not just about saving lives. It’s also about stemming an assault on society that could include food shortages and mass migration, morphing from a medical emergency into a broad humanitarian crisis.

Man Pleads Not Guilty in Tainted Steroid Case

September 11, 2014 11:35 am | by Denise Lavoie - AP Legal Affairs Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

A pharmacist who worked for a Massachusetts company blamed for a 2012 deadly nationwide meningitis outbreak has pleaded not guilty. Glenn Adam Chin entered his plea to a mail fraud charge at a brief hearing Thursday in federal court in Boston.  

23andMe Navigates Health Regulation

September 11, 2014 10:35 am | by Matthew Perrone - AP Health Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Last November, the Food and Drug Administration ordered the company to stop marketing its personalized health reports, which purported to tell customers if they were genetically predisposed to more than 250 diseases and medical conditions. Now, 23andMe is working to win FDA clearance for its health tests one at a time.

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Scientists Say the Ozone Layer is Recovering

September 11, 2014 8:37 am | by Seth Borenstein - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Earth's protective ozone layer is beginning to recover, largely because of the phase-out since the 1980s of certain chemicals used in refrigerants and aerosol cans, a U.N. scientific panel reported Wednesday.            

Breaking News: Blood Type May Affect Memory

September 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

People with blood type AB were 82 percent more likely to develop the thinking and memory problems than people with other blood types, according to a new study.                        

Eating Habits, Body Fat Related to Brain Differences

September 10, 2014 12:00 pm | News | Comments

People who are obese may be more susceptible to environmental food cues than their lean counterparts due to differences in brain chemistry that make eating more habitual and less rewarding, according to a new study.          

BST This Week #14: IPF Cases Linked to Asbestos Exposure

September 10, 2014 12:00 pm | Videos | Comments

On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski discusses a new study that shows a link between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cases and asbestos exposure. Our second story showcases how immune cells use two critical receptors to clear dead cells from the body.

Long-term Use of Anxiety, Sleep Meds Linked to Alzheimer's

September 10, 2014 11:41 am | News | Comments

Taking benzodiazepines (widely prescribed drugs to treat anxiety and insomnia) is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, particularly for long-term users, suggests a new study.             

Brain Structure May Predict Risky Behavior

September 10, 2014 11:30 am | News | Comments

Some people avoid risks at all costs, while others will put their wealth, health, and safety at risk without a thought. Researchers have found that the volume of the parietal cortex in the brain could predict where people fall on the risk-taking spectrum.

‘Electronic Skin’ Could Improve Early Breast Cancer Detection

September 10, 2014 11:27 am | News | Comments

For detecting cancer, manual breast exams seem low-tech compared to other methods such as MRI. But scientists are now developing an “electronic skin” that “feels” and images small lumps that fingers can miss.            

Scientists Map White Matter Connections Within Human Brain

September 10, 2014 11:13 am | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a mathematical and computational technology that allows researchers to more accurately map the large, long connections within the white matter tissue of living human brains.               

Team Finds Ovarian Cancer Oncogene in 'Junk DNA'

September 9, 2014 3:43 pm | News | Comments

Over the years researchers have made tremendous strides in the understanding and treatment of cancer by searching genomes for links between genetic alterations and disease. Now, a team of researchers has mined "junk DNA" sequences to identify a non-protein-coding RNA whose expression is linked to ovarian cancer.

Study Sheds Light on Asthma, Respiratory Viruses

September 9, 2014 3:32 pm | News | Comments

People with asthma often have a hard time dealing with respiratory viruses such as the flu or the common cold, and researchers have struggled to explain why. Now, the answer is becoming clearer.                

New Molecular Target is Key to Enhanced Brain Plasticity

September 9, 2014 3:25 pm | News | Comments

Groundbreaking new research has discovered a new way to preserve the flexibility and resilience of the brain. The study reveals a nerve cell protective molecular target that is essential for brain plasticity.            

Eating is Addictive, but Sugar, Fat Not Like Drugs

September 9, 2014 2:13 pm | News | Comments

People can become addicted to eating for its own sake but not to consuming specific foods such as those high in sugar or fat, new research suggests. An international team of scientists has found no strong evidence for people being addicted to the chemical substances in certain foods.

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