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The Lead

Reading Leaves a Dramatic Imprint on the Brain

December 17, 2014 4:23 pm | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

A good book recreates the world so robustly that it activates some of the same brain regions that “everyday life” does, according to a recent PLOS One study. In the study, innovative MRI analyses of people reading a richly imaginative book showed movement of characters occurring in a brain region where others’ motions are processed in the real world.

UK Proposes Rules for Embryos Made From 3 People

December 17, 2014 2:53 pm | by Maria Cheng - AP Chief Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

New rules proposed in Britain would make it the first country to allow embryos to be made from...

Multiple Allergic Reactions Traced to Single Protein

December 17, 2014 2:39 pm | by Johns Hopkins University | News | Comments

Johns Hopkins and University of Alberta researchers have identified a single protein as the root...

Brain-Injury Program Working With NFL Players

December 17, 2014 11:07 am | by Associated Press | News | Comments

A brain-injury treatment program originally designed for military veterans injured on the...

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Targeted Computer Games Can Change Behavior of Psychopaths

December 17, 2014 11:03 am | by NYU Langone | News | Comments

Psychopaths generally do not feel fear and fail to consider the emotions of others, or reflect upon their behavior — traits that make them notoriously difficult to treat.                                              

New Technology Advances Eye Tracking As Biomarker for Brain Function

December 17, 2014 10:59 am | by NYU Langone | News | Comments

Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have developed  new technology that can assess the location and impact of a brain injury merely by tracking the eye movements of patients as they watch music videos for less than four minutes, according to a study publishedin the Journal of Neurosurgery.

Thumbs-Up for Mind-Controlled Robotic Arm

December 17, 2014 10:44 am | News | Comments

A paralysed woman who controlled a robotic arm using just her thoughts has taken another step towards restoring her natural movements by controlling the arm with a range of complex hand movements.                                             

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Amount of Mitochondrial DNA Predicts Frailty and Mortality

December 17, 2014 10:35 am | by Johns Hopkins | News | Comments

New research from The Johns Hopkins University suggests that the amount of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) found in peoples’ blood directly relates to how frail they are medically. This DNA may prove to be a useful predictor of overall risk of frailty and death from any cause 10 to 15 years before symptoms appear.  

Napster Co-Founder To Invest in Allergy Research

December 17, 2014 10:13 am | by Olga R. Rodriguez - Associated Press | News | Comments

Napster co-founder Sean Parker missed most of his final year in high school and has ended up in the emergency room countless of times because of his deadly allergy to nuts, shellfish and other foods.                            

Protecting The Brain

December 16, 2014 12:18 pm | by Cory Burris, Dalhousie University | News | Comments

New research focuses of detecting and treating damage to blood vessels in the brain.                              

New Research Unlocks A Mystery of Albanism

December 16, 2014 12:09 pm | by Brown University | News | Comments

Newly published research provides the first demonstration of how a genetic mutation associated with a common form of albinism leads to the lack of melanin pigments that characterizes the condition.           

Predicting Sepsis

December 16, 2014 11:56 am | by Susan McGreevey, Harvard Medical School | News | Comments

A team of investigators has identified what may be a biomarker predicting the development of sepsis.                           

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Non-Gluten Proteins are Targets of Immune Response to Wheat in Celiac Disease

December 16, 2014 11:40 am | News | Comments

Researchers found that the immune system of patients with celiac disease react to specific types of non-gluten protein in wheat.                      

Technology Directly Reprograms Skin Cells for New Role

December 16, 2014 11:29 am | by University of Pennsylvania | News | Comments

Scientists have discovered a way to repurpose fibroblasts into functional melanocytes.                             

Neuronal Circuits Filter Out Distractions in the Brain

December 15, 2014 1:32 pm | by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory | News | Comments

The next time you are in a crowded room, or a meeting, or even at the park with your kids, take a look around. How many people are on their phone? Distractions invade every aspect of our lives. Status updates, text messages, email notifications all threaten to steal our attention away from the moment. 

Tackling One of The Biggest Questions in Dementia Research

December 15, 2014 12:09 pm | News | Comments

Researchers in Southampton are tackling one of the biggest questions in dementia research; why might current approaches in Alzheimer’s trials be failing? The new study is published in the Journal of Pathology and funded by Alzheimer’s Research UK and the Medical Research Council.          

Signaling Mechanism Could be Target for Survival, Growth of Tumor Cells

December 15, 2014 11:54 am | by UT Southwestern | News | Comments

UT Southwestern Medical Center neurology researchers have identified an important cell signaling mechanism that plays an important role in brain cancer and may provide a new therapeutic target.                                 

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Studying the Structural Causes and Consequences of Whiplash

December 15, 2014 11:48 am | by Northwestern University | News | Comments

Northwestern Medicine scientists have received a $1.6 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to investigate the biological reasons that a quarter of all people with whiplash injury from motor vehicle collisions fail to fully recover.

Robotic Surgery Tool Treats Previously Inoperable Head and Neck Cancer

December 15, 2014 11:47 am | News | Comments

Researchers have advanced a robotic surgical technique to successfully access a previously unreachable area of the head and neck.                      

Blow to Chest Could Trigger Potentially Dangerous Heart Rhythm

December 15, 2014 11:39 am | News | Comments

A hard hit to the chest can cause an irregular heartbeat that may lead to death even days after the impact.                           

Brain Stimulation May Hold Key to Anxiety Treatment

December 15, 2014 11:27 am | News | Comments

Researchers at The University of Western Australia have found that that brain stimulation may help retrain unhelpful cognitive habits associated with anxiety and depression.                

Obese Children’s Brains More Responsive to Sugar

December 12, 2014 9:34 am | News | Comments

A new study found that the brains of obese children literally light up differently when tasting sugar. This elevated sense of “food reward” could mean some children have brain circuitries that predispose them to crave more sugar throughout life. 

Genes Tell Story of Birdsong and Human Speech

December 12, 2014 9:28 am | News | Comments

After a massive international effort to sequence and compare the entire genomes of 48 species of birds representing every major order of the bird family tree, scientists discovered that birds and humans use essentially the same genes to speak.  

Creating ‘Genomic Origami’

December 12, 2014 9:05 am | Videos | Comments

In a triumph for cell biology, researchers have assembled the first high-resolution, 3-D maps of entire folded genomes and found a structural basis for gene regulation, a kind of “genomic origami” that allows the same genome to produce different types of cells.

Scientists Find Way to Boost Healthy Cells During Chemo

December 12, 2014 9:01 am | News | Comments

It’s well known that chemotherapy helps fight cancer. It’s also known that it wreaks havoc on normal, healthy cells. Scientists are closer to discovering a possible way to boost healthy cell production in cancer patients as they receive chemotherapy. 

Shedding New Light on Relationship Between Personality, Health

December 12, 2014 8:53 am | News | Comments

Researchers have found new evidence that explains how some aspects of our personality may affect our health and wellbeing, supporting long-observed associations between aspects of human character, physical health and longevity.       

Testosterone May Contribute to Colon Cancer Tumor Growth

December 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Researchers have found evidence suggesting that the male hormone testosterone may actually be a contributing factor in the formation of colon cancer tumors.                           

Alcohol Interferes with the Body's Ability to Regulate Sleep

December 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Researchers have found that drinking alcohol to fall asleep interferes with sleep homeostasis, the body’s sleep-regulating mechanism.                                 

Brain Inflammation a Hallmark of Autism

December 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

While many different combinations of genetic traits can cause autism, brains affected by autism share a pattern of ramped-up immune responses, an analysis of data from autopsied human brains revealed.               

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