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Two Anti-Ebola Vaccines in Historic Race

September 11, 2014 3:38 pm | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

One of the most rapidly fast-tracked vaccines in history— an anti-Ebola “ChAd3” vaccine— just started clinical trial in humans, and may be done as soon as November. But a second fast-tracked anti-Ebola vaccine— called an “rVSV” vaccine— is hot on its heels.

Gut Microbes Determine How Well Flu Vaccine Works

September 11, 2014 3:34 pm | News | Comments

Mice treated with antibiotics to remove most of their intestinal bacteria or raised under sterile conditions have impaired antibody responses to seasonal influenza vaccination, researchers have found.               

Neurochemical Imbalance Discovered in Schizophrenia

September 11, 2014 3:28 pm | News | Comments

Using human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs), researchers have discovered that neurons from patients with schizophrenia secrete higher amounts of three neurotransmitters broadly implicated in a range of psychiatric disorders.     

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Using Antibiotics to Help Heart Problems

September 11, 2014 12:17 pm | News | Comments

A research team is looking at whether an antibiotic has the potential to prevent or treat irregular heartbeats brought on by other medicines, thanks to a grant from national charity in the UK.                 

New Evidence Shows Sleep Apnea Hurts Your Brain

September 11, 2014 12:08 pm | News | Comments

Employing a measure rarely used in sleep apnea studies, researchers uncovered evidence of what may be damaging the brain in people with the sleep disorder— weaker brain blood flow.                     

Ebola’s Ripple Effects

September 11, 2014 12:04 pm | Videos | Comments

The race to stamp out West Africa’s Ebola epidemic is not just about saving lives. It’s also about stemming an assault on society that could include food shortages and mass migration, morphing from a medical emergency into a broad humanitarian crisis.

Man Pleads Not Guilty in Tainted Steroid Case

September 11, 2014 11:35 am | by Denise Lavoie - AP Legal Affairs Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

A pharmacist who worked for a Massachusetts company blamed for a 2012 deadly nationwide meningitis outbreak has pleaded not guilty. Glenn Adam Chin entered his plea to a mail fraud charge at a brief hearing Thursday in federal court in Boston.  

UCSF, Google Earth Engine Making Maps to Predict Malaria

September 11, 2014 11:13 am | News | Comments

Researchers are working to create an online platform that health workers around the world can use to predict where malaria is likely to be transmitted using data on Google Earth Engine. Read more...               

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23andMe Navigates Health Regulation

September 11, 2014 10:35 am | by Matthew Perrone - AP Health Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Last November, the Food and Drug Administration ordered the company to stop marketing its personalized health reports, which purported to tell customers if they were genetically predisposed to more than 250 diseases and medical conditions. Now, 23andMe is working to win FDA clearance for its health tests one at a time.

Breaking News: Blood Type May Affect Memory

September 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

People with blood type AB were 82 percent more likely to develop the thinking and memory problems than people with other blood types, according to a new study.                        

Eating Habits, Body Fat Related to Brain Differences

September 10, 2014 12:00 pm | News | Comments

People who are obese may be more susceptible to environmental food cues than their lean counterparts due to differences in brain chemistry that make eating more habitual and less rewarding, according to a new study.          

BST This Week #14: IPF Cases Linked to Asbestos Exposure

September 10, 2014 12:00 pm | Videos | Comments

On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski discusses a new study that shows a link between idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cases and asbestos exposure. Our second story showcases how immune cells use two critical receptors to clear dead cells from the body.

Long-term Use of Anxiety, Sleep Meds Linked to Alzheimer's

September 10, 2014 11:41 am | News | Comments

Taking benzodiazepines (widely prescribed drugs to treat anxiety and insomnia) is associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, particularly for long-term users, suggests a new study.             

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New Glaucoma Cause Discovered

September 10, 2014 11:36 am | News | Comments

Scientists have discovered a novel cause of glaucoma in an animal model, and related to their findings, are now developing an eye drop aimed at curing the disease. They believe their findings will be important to human glaucoma.       

Brain Structure May Predict Risky Behavior

September 10, 2014 11:30 am | News | Comments

Some people avoid risks at all costs, while others will put their wealth, health, and safety at risk without a thought. Researchers have found that the volume of the parietal cortex in the brain could predict where people fall on the risk-taking spectrum.

‘Electronic Skin’ Could Improve Early Breast Cancer Detection

September 10, 2014 11:27 am | News | Comments

For detecting cancer, manual breast exams seem low-tech compared to other methods such as MRI. But scientists are now developing an “electronic skin” that “feels” and images small lumps that fingers can miss.            

Lady Baboons With Guy Pals Live Longer

September 10, 2014 11:19 am | News | Comments

Numerous studies have linked social interaction to improved health and survival in humans, and new research confirms that the same is true for baboons.                             

Scientists Map White Matter Connections Within Human Brain

September 10, 2014 11:13 am | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a mathematical and computational technology that allows researchers to more accurately map the large, long connections within the white matter tissue of living human brains.               

Study Sheds Light on Asthma, Respiratory Viruses

September 9, 2014 3:32 pm | News | Comments

People with asthma often have a hard time dealing with respiratory viruses such as the flu or the common cold, and researchers have struggled to explain why. Now, the answer is becoming clearer.                

Eating is Addictive, but Sugar, Fat Not Like Drugs

September 9, 2014 2:13 pm | News | Comments

People can become addicted to eating for its own sake but not to consuming specific foods such as those high in sugar or fat, new research suggests. An international team of scientists has found no strong evidence for people being addicted to the chemical substances in certain foods.

Xenon Gas Protects Brain After Head Injury

September 9, 2014 1:52 pm | News | Comments

Scientists found that xenon, given within hours of the initial brain injury, limits brain damage and improves neurological outcomes in mice, both in the short term and long term.                     

Intelligence Inheritance: 3 Genes That Add to IQ Score

September 9, 2014 1:43 pm | News | Comments

New research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science (PNAS) shows three genetic variants in humans that can account for a couple of IQ points– but before you get excited, these are only three variants out of likely thousands.

With Surge in Liberia, Ebola Case Toll Above 4,200

September 9, 2014 1:35 pm | by Sarah DiLorenzo and Maria Cheng - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

A surge in Ebola infections in Liberia is driving a spiraling outbreak in West Africa that is increasingly putting health workers at risk as they struggle to treat an overwhelming number of patients.                

Honesty Linked to Prefrontal Brain Region

September 9, 2014 1:18 pm | News | Comments

Are humans programmed to tell the truth? Not when lying is advantageous, says a new study. The report ties honesty to a region of the brain that exerts control over automatic impulses.                   

Breaking News: Prediabetes Ups Cancer Risk 15%

September 9, 2014 9:04 am | News | Comments

A meta-analysis comprising 16 studies and 891,426 participants from various regions of the world shows that prediabetes increases the risk of cancer by 15 percent, with differing risks depending on the type of cancer.         

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