Doctors now have convincing evidence that they put HIV into remission, hopefully for good, in a Mississippi baby born with the AIDS virus— a medical first that is prompting a new look at how hard and fast such cases should be treated.
In a small preliminary study, researchers say a blood test based on detection of epigenetic alterations may reveal the earliest signs of pancreatic cancer, a disease that is nearly always fatal because of its late diagnosis.
Veterinary researchers have helped identify the origin and possible evolution of an emerging swine virus with high mortality rates that has already spread to at least 17 states. They have traced the recent U.S. outbreaks to a strain from the Anhui province in China.
A promising technique for treating human eye disease has proven effective in preclinical studies and may lead to new treatments to prevent blindness, according to new experiments.
Studying spinal fluid from people at risk for Alzheimer’s disease, researchers have found that a gene variation that had not been considered risky actually can increase the chances of developing Alzheimer’s disease when it occurs in tandem with another gene variant known to elevate risk.
New research shows that one of the brain’s fundamental self-protection mechanisms depends on coordinated, finely calibrated teamwork among neurons and non-neural cells knows as glial cells, which until recently were thought to be mere support cells.
Large areas of vinyl flooring in daycares and schools appear to expose children to a group of compounds called phthalates, which have been linked to reproductive and developmental problems, scientists are reporting.
As researchers develop new therapies based on making specific cells to do specific things, getting the right message to the right group of cells at the right time remains a major challenge. Now, researchers have developed a way to deliver a light signal to specific tissues deep within the body.
New study results show that patients with a body mass index (BMI) in the obese range live on average two to three months less after a pancreatic cancer diagnosis when compared with healthy weight patients.
A study of the full genetic code of a common human virus offers a dramatic confirmation of the "out-of-Africa" pattern of human migration, which had previously been documented by anthropologists and studies of the human genome.
Scientists have discovered that the influenza virus is able to infect its host by first killing off the cells of the immune system that are actually best equipped to neutralize the virus.
To identify the molecular alterations responsible for mantle cell lymphoma, a group of scientists has sequenced the genome of more than thirty lymphomas- the first comprehensive genomic analysis of the disease.
To overcome triple negative breast cancer's eventual resistance to drugs, chemical engineers have designed nanoparticles that now only carry a cancer drug, but also carry short strands of RNA that can shut off one of the genes that cancer cells use to escape the drug.
Everyone grows older, but scientists don't really understand why. Now, a new study has uncovered a biological clock embedded in our genomes that may shed light on why our bodies age and how we can slow the process.
Coffee consumption reduces risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer, by about 40 percent, according to new research.
In very rare cases, fungal infections can spread below the skin’s surface and onto the lymph nodes, bones, digestive tract or even the brain. Researchers have now discovered a genetic deficiency that allows the fungus to spread in this way, a condition called deep dermatophytosis.
Researchers have devised a hair restoration method that can generate new human hair growth, rather than simply redistribute hair from one part of the scalp to another.
In 1980, two papers on nanotechnology were published. In 2011 and 2012, that number soared to 14,000 papers, each year. The Era of “The Small” will be big. Nanotech—the big science of building wee things—has permeated many areas of research. In medicine, the approach may be particularly effective, since it builds on the structures and functions of hugely effective nanoparticles already in the body—then improves upon them.
Human breast milk is sold for babies on several online sites for a few dollars an ounce, but a new study says buyer beware: Testing showed it can contain potentially dangerous bacteria including salmonella.
Depression is twice as likely in migraine sufferers, say researchers. Both depression and suicidal ideation are much higher among individuals with migraine, a new study found.
A gene important in skin tanning has been linked to higher risk for testicular cancer in white men, according to a study led by a team of international scientists.
New research indicates that brain scans show signs of autism that could eventually support behavior-based diagnosis of autism and effective early intervention therapies.
Researchers have connected very rare and precise duplications and deletions in the human genome to their complex disease consequences by duplicating them in zebrafish.
When we sleep, our brains get rid of gunk that builds up while we're awake, suggests a study that may provide new clues to treat Alzheimer's disease and other disorders.
Determining whether a bacterium is harmful typically requires growing cultures from samples of saliva or blood— a time-intensive laboratory procedure. Now, researchers have developed a microfluidic device that could speed the monitoring of bacterial infections associated with cystic fibrosis and other diseases.