Anti-smoking measures have saved roughly 8 million U.S. lives since a landmark 1964 report linking smoking and disease, a study estimates, yet the nation's top disease detective says dozens of other countries do a better job on several efforts to cut tobacco use.
Researchers have zoomed in on what is going on at the molecular level when the body recognizes and defends against an attack of pathogens, and the findings, they say, could influence how drugs are developed to treat autoimmune diseases.
In adults, some brain regions retain a “childlike” ability to establish new connections, potentially contributing to our ability to learn new skills and form new memories as we age, according to new research.
A cancer-research team has identified a protein that may be a major culprit when breast cancer metastasizes to the brain. The cancer’s spread to the brain is often undetected until patients start to develop symptoms such as seizures, headaches, and trouble thinking.
By attaching a cancer-killer protein to white blood cells, biomedical engineers have demonstrated the annihilation of metastasizing cancer cells traveling throughout the bloodstream.
Children are likely to have stronger muscles if their mothers had a higher level of vitamin D in their body during pregnancy, according to new research.
Your nose is not the only organ in your body that can sense cigarette smoke wafting through the air. Scientists have shown that your lungs have odor receptors as well.
People with severe mental illness such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder have a higher risk for substance use, especially cigarette smoking, and protective factors usually associated with lower rates of substance use do not exist in severe mental illness, according to a new study.
Researchers have found that dysfunction in a single gene in mice causes fasting hyperglycemia, one of the major symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
New research results suggest a link between the increasing number of people who have developed allergic asthma in the West and a lack of fruits and vegetables in Western diets.
Researchers have found a way to change alcohol drinking behavior in rodents, using the emerging technique of optogenetics, which uses light to stimulate neurons.
Researchers have completed a comprehensive genomic analysis of cervical cancer in two patient populations. The study identified recurrent genetic mutations not previously found in cervical cancer, including at least one for which targeted treatments have been approved for other forms of cancer.
In a finding that directly contradicts the standard biological model of animal cell communication, scientists have discovered that typical cells in animals have the ability to transmit and receive biological signals by making physical contact with each other, even at long distance.
Restricting calorie consumption is one of the few proven ways to combat aging and has been shown to prolong lifespan in yeast, worms, flies, monkeys, and, in some studies, humans. Now, researchers have developed a computer algorithm that predicts which genes can be "turned off" to create the same anti-aging effect.
Biologists have discovered an effective strategy that could prevent the human immune system from rejecting the grafts derived from human embryonic stem cells, a major problem now limiting the development of human stem cell therapies.
The Food and Drug Administration approved 27 first-of-a-kind drugs in 2013, down from 39 new medications in 2012, which was a 15-year high.
Doctors may need to treat high blood pressure in women earlier and more aggressively than they do in men, according to scientists.
Cancer investigators have genetically engineered a new mouse that mimics a common form of leukemia in humans. Studying the model could lead to new understanding of the disease, they say.
Having shingles, a viral infection that causes a painful rash, may increase the risk of having a stroke years later, according to new research.
New research has shown that cells demonstrate remarkable flexibility and versatility when it comes to how they divide– a finding with potential links to the underlying causes of many cancers.
Scientists have revealed an atomic-level view of a genetic defect that causes a form of muscular dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy type 2, and have used this information to design drug candidates with potential to counter those defects.
High levels of “good” cholesterol and low levels of “bad” cholesterol are correlated with lower levels of the amyloid plaque deposition in the brain that is a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease, researchers have found.
A new technique for studying the structure of the RSV virion and the activity of RSV in living cells could help researchers unlock the secrets of the virus, including how it enters cells.
Researchers say vitamin E might slow the progression of mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease — the first time any treatment has been shown to alter the course of dementia at that stage.
When youngsters continually struggle to fall asleep at night, new research suggests maybe their body clock doesn't match their bedtime. But that doesn't mean tots should be up at all hours.