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HIV Virus Spread, Evolution Tracked on Computer Model

November 20, 2013 1:14 pm | News | Comments

Researchers are investigating the complex relationships between the spread of the HIV virus in a population and the actual evolution of the virus within each patient’s body using a new modeling approach that distinguishes between susceptible and infected individuals, capturing the full infection history.

New Brain Cancer Target May Lead to Better Drugs

November 20, 2013 1:00 pm | News | Comments

The deadliest brain cancer requires grueling treatment with bleak prospects for survival. Now, researchers have discovered a key component to how these aggressive tumors grow that could lead to better solutions.              

Synesthesia More Common in Those with Autism

November 20, 2013 12:55 pm | News | Comments

People with autism are more likely to also have synesthesia, suggests new research. Synesthesia involves people experiencing a "mixing of the senses," for example, seeing colors when they hear sounds, or reporting that musical notes evoke different tastes.

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Coffee May Help Perk Up Blood Vessels

November 20, 2013 12:45 pm | News | Comments

The caffeine in a cup of coffee might help your small blood vessels work better, according to a new study showing that drinking a cup of caffeinated coffee significantly improved blood flow in participants' fingers.          

Insomnia Linked to Mortality Risk

November 20, 2013 12:27 pm | News | Comments

Insomnia, the most common sleep disorder, affects up to one-third of the population in the United States. In new findings, researchers have found that some insomnia symptoms are associated with an increased risk of mortality in men.      

Kids Are Less Fit than Their Parents Were

November 20, 2013 12:40 am | by MARILYNN MARCHIONE - AP Chief Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Today's kids can't keep up with their parents. An analysis of studies on millions of children around the world finds they don't run as fast or as far as their parents did when they were young.                 

Blood Test Diagnoses Concussion, Predicts Cognitive Disability

November 19, 2013 2:15 pm | News | Comments

A new blood biomarker correctly predicted which concussion victims went on to have white matter tract structural damage and persistent cognitive dysfunction following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).              

Low-fat Diet Changes Prostate Cancer Tissue

November 19, 2013 2:10 pm | News | Comments

Men with prostate cancer who ate a low-fat diet and took fish oil supplements had lower levels of pro-inflammatory substances in their blood and a lower cell cycle progression score— a measure used to predict cancer recurrence— than men who ate a typical Western diet, researchers found.

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Researchers Discover Fat-burning Protein in Adults

November 19, 2013 1:52 pm | News | Comments

A research team has found that a specific chemical compound, an aldehyde, can activate UCP1, a protein known as UCP1 that enables babies or hibernating animals to keep warm without shivering, under certain conditions, and that could also trigger fat burning.

Long-term Oral Contraceptive Use Doubles Glaucoma Risk

November 19, 2013 1:26 pm | News | Comments

New research has found that women who have taken oral contraceptives for three or more years are twice as likely to suffer from glaucoma, one of the leading causes of blindness which affects nearly 60 million worldwide.         

Researchers Capture Structure of Key Part of Deadly Nipah Virus

November 19, 2013 1:01 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have now solved the structure of a key protein in the Nipah virus, which could pave the way for the development of a much-needed antiviral drug.                               

Trial Set to Determine Alzheimer’s Onset Origins

November 19, 2013 12:40 pm | News | Comments

A world-first clinical trial being conducted in Western Australia is exploring whether testosterone and fish oil may prove to be the key in preventing or postponing Alzheimer’s disease.                   

Scientists Finally ID Which Prostate Cancers are Life Threatening

November 19, 2013 12:03 pm | News | Comments

Scientists have discovered that the presence of a specific protein can distinguish between prostate cancers that are aggressive and need further treatment from those that may never seriously harm the patient.             

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Princeton to Give Students Unapproved Meningitis Vaccine

November 18, 2013 4:55 pm | by GEOFF MULVIHILL - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

Princeton University officials decided Monday to make available a meningitis vaccine that hasn't been approved in the U.S. to stop the spread of the sometimes deadly disease on campus.                    

Study Reveals Potential Breakthrough in Hearing Technology

November 18, 2013 1:37 pm | Videos | Comments

Computer engineers and hearing scientists at The Ohio State University have made a potential breakthrough in solving a 50-year-old problem in hearing technology: how to help the hearing-impaired understand speech in the midst of background noise.

Study IDs Genes Uniquely Expressed by Brain Immune Cells

November 15, 2013 1:01 pm | News | Comments

Investigators have used a new sequencing method to identify a group of genes used by the brain's immune cells– called microglia– to sense pathogenic organisms, toxins or damaged cells that require their response.            

Two-step Method Promising in Pancreatic Cancer Fight

November 15, 2013 12:54 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a new technique for fighting deadly and hard-to-treat pancreatic cancer that uses two different types of nanoparticles, the first type clearing a path into tumor cells for the second, which delivers chemotherapy drugs. 

New Device Approved for Epilepsy Treatment

November 15, 2013 12:48 pm | News | Comments

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a device to help reduce the frequency of seizures in epilepsy patients who have not responded well to medications.                                     

Nanoparticles Can Probe Mystery Sperm Defects Behind Infertility

November 15, 2013 12:41 pm | News | Comments

A way of using nanoparticles to investigate the mechanisms underlying "mystery" cases of infertility has been developed by scientists.                                 

Gene Testing for Heart Diseases Now Available

November 15, 2013 12:35 pm | News | Comments

Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis now offers genetic testing to help diagnose and treat patients with heart disorders that can lead to sudden death.                        

Treatment Successful for Fatal Mitochondrial Defect in Mice

November 15, 2013 12:29 pm | News | Comments

The transplant anti-rejection drug rapamycin showed unexpected benefits in a mouse model of a fatal defect in the energy powerhouses of cells, the mitochondria.                            

'Experimental' Islet Transplantation Gains Momentum

November 15, 2013 12:06 pm | News | Comments

For the worst cases of type 1 diabetes, islet transplantation already has freed hundreds of people from complete dependence on insulin and from life-threatening consequences of the disease. However, the procedure still is regarded as experimental by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Can Certain Herbs Stave Off Alzheimer’s Disease?

November 15, 2013 11:58 am | News | Comments

Enhanced extracts made from special antioxidants in spearmint and rosemary improve learning and memory, a study in an animal model has found.                                   

Solution to Immune Mystery May Lead to New Therapies

November 14, 2013 12:40 pm | News | Comments

Scientists have solved a long-standing conundrum about the immune system and in so doing may have found a new way to boost or reduce immunity therapeutically.                           

Gut Microbes in Healthy Kids Carry Antibiotic Resistance Genes

November 14, 2013 12:25 pm | News | Comments

Friendly microbes in the intestinal tracts (guts) of healthy American children have numerous antibiotic resistance genes, according to results of a pilot study by scientists.                      

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