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Considering Whole Genome Sequencing for Newborns

December 18, 2014 5:16 pm | by Nora Dunne, Northwestern University | News | Comments

A recent exploratory study asked genetics experts to consider genome sequencing for newborn populations, revealing varying opinions about the future of genomics.                  

Healthy Brain Development Balanced on Edge of Cellular 'Sword'

December 18, 2014 5:09 pm | by Bill Hathaway, Yale University | News | Comments

A new Yale-led study of children with neurodevelopmental abnormalities of the brain identifies a...

Serotonin Neuron Subtypes

December 18, 2014 4:37 pm | by Stephanie Dutchen, Harvard Medical School | News | Comments

Neuroscientists have proposed that brain cells come in different subtypes that have...

New Findings Demonstrate Effective Treatment for Diabetes Patients

December 18, 2014 4:23 pm | by University of Pennsylvania | News | Comments

Scientists have found a new way to help Type 1 diabetes patients defend themselves against life-...

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'Master Regulator' Gene Can Stimulate Other Genes in Early Brain Development

December 18, 2014 4:10 pm | by NYU | News | Comments

Chemical modifications to DNA’s packaging — known as epigenetic changes — can activate or repress genes involved in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and early brain development.              

'Hairclip' Protein Mechanism Explained

December 18, 2014 3:57 pm | by University of Cambridge | News | Comments

New research has identified a fundamental mechanism for controlling protein function.                              

Team Creates Method for Probing How Molecules Fold

December 18, 2014 3:46 pm | News | Comments

Scientists have developed a powerful new system for studying how proteins and other biological molecules form and lose their natural folded structures.                  

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Gene-Editing Guide

December 17, 2014 4:42 pm | by Sue McGreevy, Harvard University | News | Comments

Investigators have developed a method for detecting unwanted DNA breaks—across the entire genome of human cells—induced by the popular gene-editing tools called CRISPR-Cas RNA-guided nucleases (RGNs).          

New Lens-Free Microscope Detects Cancer At Cellular Level

December 17, 2014 4:27 pm | by UCLA | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a lens-free microscope that can be used to detect the presence of cancer or other cell-level abnormalities with the same accuracy as larger and more expensive optical microscopes.         

UK Proposes Rules for Embryos Made From 3 People

December 17, 2014 2:53 pm | by Maria Cheng - AP Chief Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

New rules proposed in Britain would make it the first country to allow embryos to be made from the DNA of three people in order to prevent mothers from passing on potentially fatal genetic diseases to their babies.        

DNA Sheds Light on Why Largest Lemurs Disappeared

December 17, 2014 10:25 am | by Duke University | News | Comments

Ancient DNA extracted from the bones and teeth of giant lemurs that lived thousands of years ago in Madagascar may help explain why the giant lemurs went extinct. It also explains what factors make some surviving species more at risk today, says a study in the Journal of Human Evolution.

Protecting The Brain

December 16, 2014 12:18 pm | by Cory Burris, Dalhousie University | News | Comments

New research focuses of detecting and treating damage to blood vessels in the brain.                              

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New Research Unlocks A Mystery of Albanism

December 16, 2014 12:09 pm | by Brown University | News | Comments

Newly published research provides the first demonstration of how a genetic mutation associated with a common form of albinism leads to the lack of melanin pigments that characterizes the condition.           

Predicting Sepsis

December 16, 2014 11:56 am | by Susan McGreevey, Harvard Medical School | News | Comments

A team of investigators has identified what may be a biomarker predicting the development of sepsis.                           

Non-Gluten Proteins are Targets of Immune Response to Wheat in Celiac Disease

December 16, 2014 11:40 am | News | Comments

Researchers found that the immune system of patients with celiac disease react to specific types of non-gluten protein in wheat.                      

Technology Directly Reprograms Skin Cells for New Role

December 16, 2014 11:29 am | by University of Pennsylvania | News | Comments

Scientists have discovered a way to repurpose fibroblasts into functional melanocytes.                             

'Super Bacteria' Found in Rio's Olympic Waters

December 16, 2014 11:21 am | by Jenny Barchfield - Associated Press | News | Comments

A drug-resistant super bacteria that's normally found in hospitals and is notoriously difficult to treat has been discovered in the waters where Rio de Janeiro's Olympic sailing events will be held.           

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Proteins Drive Cancer Cells to Change States

December 16, 2014 11:12 am | News | Comments

A new study implicates a family of RNA-binding proteins in the regulation of cancer.                              

'Genome Editing' Could Correct Genetic Mutations for Future Generations

December 15, 2014 12:05 pm | by Indiana University | News | Comments

Scientists at Indiana University and colleagues at Stanford and the University of Texas have demonstrated a technique for "editing" the genome in sperm-producing adult stem cells, a result with powerful potential for basic research and for gene therapy.

Cancer Patients Testing Drugs on Mouse Avatars

December 15, 2014 11:58 am | by Marilynn Marchione - AP Chief Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

They are paying a private lab to breed mice that carry bits of their own tumors so treatments can be tried first on the customized rodents.                    

Robotic Surgery Tool Treats Previously Inoperable Head and Neck Cancer

December 15, 2014 11:47 am | News | Comments

Researchers have advanced a robotic surgical technique to successfully access a previously unreachable area of the head and neck.                      

Genes Tell Story of Birdsong and Human Speech

December 12, 2014 9:28 am | News | Comments

After a massive international effort to sequence and compare the entire genomes of 48 species of birds representing every major order of the bird family tree, scientists discovered that birds and humans use essentially the same genes to speak.  

Creating ‘Genomic Origami’

December 12, 2014 9:05 am | Videos | Comments

In a triumph for cell biology, researchers have assembled the first high-resolution, 3-D maps of entire folded genomes and found a structural basis for gene regulation, a kind of “genomic origami” that allows the same genome to produce different types of cells.

Brain Inflammation a Hallmark of Autism

December 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

While many different combinations of genetic traits can cause autism, brains affected by autism share a pattern of ramped-up immune responses, an analysis of data from autopsied human brains revealed.               

A New Way to Turn Genes On

December 11, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Using a gene-editing system originally developed to delete specific genes, researchers have now shown that they can reliably turn on any gene of their choosing in living cells.                     

Viewing Your Genome on a Blackberry Passport

December 10, 2014 1:15 pm | Videos | Comments

One of the recurring themes of the 2014 Forbes Healthcare Summit was that smartphones and mobile apps would play a larger role in the industry. However, the safety and security of these platforms are being debated. Nanthealth’s CEO Dr. Patrick Soon-Shiong feels he may have a solution.

Using Genome Sequencing to Track MRSA in Under-resourced Hospitals

December 10, 2014 11:15 am | News | Comments

Whole genome sequencing of MRSA from a hospital in Asia has demonstrated patterns of transmission in a resource-limited setting, where formal screening procedures are not feasible.                    

Genetic Errors Linked to More ALS Cases than Originally Thought

December 5, 2014 1:24 pm | News | Comments

Genetic mutations may cause more cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) than scientists previously had realized, according to new research.                              

Smoking Linked to Loss of Y Chromosome in Men

December 5, 2014 12:32 pm | News | Comments

In a new study, researchers demonstrated an association between smoking and loss of the Y chromosome in blood cells. The researchers have previously shown that loss of the Y chromosome is linked to cancer.          

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