Ancient DNA extracted from the bones and teeth of giant lemurs that lived thousands of years ago in Madagascar may help explain why the giant lemurs went extinct. It also explains what factors make some surviving species more at risk today, says a study in the Journal of Human Evolution.
New research focuses of detecting and treating damage to blood vessels in the brain.
Newly published research provides the first demonstration of how a genetic mutation associated with a common form of albinism leads to the lack of melanin pigments that characterizes the condition.
A team of investigators has identified what may be a biomarker predicting the development of sepsis.
Researchers found that the immune system of patients with celiac disease react to specific types of non-gluten protein in wheat.
Scientists have discovered a way to repurpose fibroblasts into functional melanocytes.
A drug-resistant super bacteria that's normally found in hospitals and is notoriously difficult to treat has been discovered in the waters where Rio de Janeiro's Olympic sailing events will be held.
A new study implicates a family of RNA-binding proteins in the regulation of cancer.
Scientists at Indiana University and colleagues at Stanford and the University of Texas have demonstrated a technique for "editing" the genome in sperm-producing adult stem cells, a result with powerful potential for basic research and for gene therapy.
They are paying a private lab to breed mice that carry bits of their own tumors so treatments can be tried first on the customized rodents.
Researchers have advanced a robotic surgical technique to successfully access a previously unreachable area of the head and neck.
After a massive international effort to sequence and compare the entire genomes of 48 species of birds representing every major order of the bird family tree, scientists discovered that birds and humans use essentially the same genes to speak.
In a triumph for cell biology, researchers have assembled the first high-resolution, 3-D maps of entire folded genomes and found a structural basis for gene regulation, a kind of “genomic origami” that allows the same genome to produce different types of cells.
Using a gene-editing system originally developed to delete specific genes, researchers have now shown that they can reliably turn on any gene of their choosing in living cells.
While many different combinations of genetic traits can cause autism, brains affected by autism share a pattern of ramped-up immune responses, an analysis of data from autopsied human brains revealed.
One of the recurring themes of the 2014 Forbes Healthcare Summit was that smartphones and mobile apps would play a larger role in the industry. However, the safety and security of these platforms are being debated. Nanthealth’s CEO Dr. Patrick Soon-Shiong feels he may have a solution.
Whole genome sequencing of MRSA from a hospital in Asia has demonstrated patterns of transmission in a resource-limited setting, where formal screening procedures are not feasible.
Genetic mutations may cause more cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) than scientists previously had realized, according to new research.
In a new study, researchers demonstrated an association between smoking and loss of the Y chromosome in blood cells. The researchers have previously shown that loss of the Y chromosome is linked to cancer.
How much sleep you get each night may depend to some extent on your genes, a new study suggests. Read more...
Though dopamine neurons influence many diverse behaviors and diseases, scientists have historically presumed that all of these important nerve cells are molecularly similar within two clusters of the brain. In a new study, Northwestern Medicine scientists prove that premise wrong by identifying several molecularly distinct subtypes of dopamine neurons within each cluster. Read more...
An international research team has provided overwhelming evidence that the skeleton discovered under a car park in Leicester indeed represents the remains of King Richard III - closing what is probably the oldest forensic case solved to date. Read more...
Researchers have identified a network of genes that appear to work together in determining alcohol dependence. The findings could lead to future treatments and therapies for alcoholics and possibly help doctors screen for alcoholism.
New research on the BRCA gene mutation in the Jewish population shows that the current process of identifying people- which relies on assessing someone’s family history- misses half the people who have the mutation and are at risk of developing cancer.
A team of researchers have created the world’s first enzymes made from artificial genetic material. The synthetic enzymes, which are made from molecules that do not occur anywhere in nature, are capable of triggering chemical reactions in the lab.