A team of researchers has made big strides toward a future in which the predominant chemical factories of the world are colonies of genetically engineered bacteria.
One of the great recent discoveries in modern biology was that the human body contains 10 times more bacterial cells than human cells. But much of that bacteria is still a puzzle to scientists.
Scientists have color marked individual brain cells to help improve our understanding of how the brain works.
Scientists at A*STAR's Institute of Medical Biology (IMB) and Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology (IMCB) have identified a genetic pathway that accounts for the extraordinary size of the human brain.
A recent exploratory study asked genetics experts to consider genome sequencing for newborn populations, revealing varying opinions about the future of genomics.
A new Yale-led study of children with neurodevelopmental abnormalities of the brain identifies a “cutting” enzyme crucial to the shaping and division of brain cells as well as the replenishment of neural stem cells.
Neuroscientists have proposed that brain cells come in different subtypes that have different properties and responsibilities.
Scientists have found a new way to help Type 1 diabetes patients defend themselves against life-threatening low blood sugar.
Chemical modifications to DNA’s packaging — known as epigenetic changes — can activate or repress genes involved in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and early brain development.
New research has identified a fundamental mechanism for controlling protein function.
Scientists have developed a powerful new system for studying how proteins and other biological molecules form and lose their natural folded structures.
Investigators have developed a method for detecting unwanted DNA breaks—across the entire genome of human cells—induced by the popular gene-editing tools called CRISPR-Cas RNA-guided nucleases (RGNs).
Researchers have developed a lens-free microscope that can be used to detect the presence of cancer or other cell-level abnormalities with the same accuracy as larger and more expensive optical microscopes.
New rules proposed in Britain would make it the first country to allow embryos to be made from the DNA of three people in order to prevent mothers from passing on potentially fatal genetic diseases to their babies.
Ancient DNA extracted from the bones and teeth of giant lemurs that lived thousands of years ago in Madagascar may help explain why the giant lemurs went extinct. It also explains what factors make some surviving species more at risk today, says a study in the Journal of Human Evolution.
New research focuses of detecting and treating damage to blood vessels in the brain.
Newly published research provides the first demonstration of how a genetic mutation associated with a common form of albinism leads to the lack of melanin pigments that characterizes the condition.
A team of investigators has identified what may be a biomarker predicting the development of sepsis.
Researchers found that the immune system of patients with celiac disease react to specific types of non-gluten protein in wheat.
Scientists have discovered a way to repurpose fibroblasts into functional melanocytes.
A drug-resistant super bacteria that's normally found in hospitals and is notoriously difficult to treat has been discovered in the waters where Rio de Janeiro's Olympic sailing events will be held.
A new study implicates a family of RNA-binding proteins in the regulation of cancer.
Scientists at Indiana University and colleagues at Stanford and the University of Texas have demonstrated a technique for "editing" the genome in sperm-producing adult stem cells, a result with powerful potential for basic research and for gene therapy.
They are paying a private lab to breed mice that carry bits of their own tumors so treatments can be tried first on the customized rodents.
Researchers have advanced a robotic surgical technique to successfully access a previously unreachable area of the head and neck.