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Brain Circuitry That Triggers Overeating Identified

September 27, 2013 11:45 am | News | Comments

Sixty years ago scientists could electrically stimulate a region of a mouse’s brain causing the mouse to eat, whether hungry or not. Now, researchers have pinpointed the precise cellular connections responsible for triggering that behavior.

Omega-3s May Not Help Thinking Skills After All

September 26, 2013 12:44 pm | News | Comments

Contrary to earlier studies, new research suggests that omega-3 fatty acids may not benefit thinking skills. Omega-3s are found in fatty fish such as salmon and in nuts. The study involved 2,157 women age 65 to 80 who were given annual tests of thinking and memory skills for an average of six years and were also tested for the amount of omega-3s in their blood.

Eating Peanut Butter May Improve Breast Health Later in Life

September 26, 2013 12:14 pm | News | Comments

Here’s some news worth spreading: Girls who eat more peanut butter could improve their breast health later in life. Research shows that girls ages 9 to 15 who regularly ate peanut butter or nuts were 39 percent less likely to develop benign breast disease by age 30.

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Carbonation Alters Brain Perception of Sweetness

September 17, 2013 12:47 pm | News | Comments

Carbonation, an essential component of popular soft drinks, alters the brain’s perception of sweetness and makes it difficult for the brain to determine the difference between sugar and artificial sweeteners, according to new research. The study also identifies that there is a downside to this effect.

Breaking News: Berries May Boost Immune Function

September 17, 2013 12:29 pm | News | Comments

In an analysis of 446 compounds for their the ability to boost the innate immune system in humans, researchers discovered just two that stood out from the crowd– the resveratrol found in red grapes and a compound called pterostilbene from blueberries.

Specific Sugar Molecule Causes Cancer Cell Growth

September 16, 2013 10:57 am | News | Comments

The process of glycosylation, where sugar molecules are attached to proteins, has long been of interest to scientists, particularly because certain sugar molecules are present in very high numbers in cancer cells. It now turns out that these sugar molecules are not only present, but actually aid the growth of the malignant cells.

Substance that Gives Grapefruit Its Flavor and Aroma Could Give Insects the Boot

September 11, 2013 11:55 am | News | Comments

The citrus flavor and aroma of grapefruit—already used in fruit juices, citrus-flavored beverages, and prestige perfumes and colognes—may be heading for a new use in battling mosquitoes, ticks, head lice and bedbugs thanks to a less expensive way of making large amounts of the once rare and pricey ingredient

Erectile Dysfunction: A Biomarker for Heart Disease?

September 4, 2013 11:20 am | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

For the first time, it has been shown that an intensively active lifestyle can “completely prevent” bad diets from impairing sexual function, says a Johns Hopkins University urology fellow. Put another way, a recent rat study offers strong evidence that erectile dysfunction (ED) is more than just a bedroom bother. It may be one’s own natural biomarker for coronary artery disease.

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Beer Without the Bummer

August 29, 2013 11:44 am | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

A magical hydrating beer that minimizes hangover has been brewed, Australian researchers say. By adding electrolytes, a natural body chemical and a common sports drink ingredient, the merry Aussies say they have minimized the dehydration side effects of the beverage.

First Scientific Method to Authenticate World’s Costliest Coffee

August 21, 2013 10:19 am | News | Comments

The world’s most expensive coffee can cost $80 a cup, and scientists now are reporting development of the first way to verify authenticity of this crème de la crème, the beans of which come from the feces of a Southeast Asian animal called a palm civet.

Multiple Genes Manage How People Taste Sweeteners

August 21, 2013 9:50 am | News | Comments

Genetics may play a role in how people's taste receptors send signals, leading to a wide spectrum of taste preferences, according to Penn State food scientists. These varied, genetically influenced responses may mean that food and drink companies will need a range of artificial sweeteners to accommodate different consumer tastes.

Coffee and Tea May Contribute to a Healthy Liver

August 19, 2013 1:01 pm | News | Comments

Your morning cup of tea or coffee may be doing more than just perking you up before work. An international team of researchers led by Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School (Duke-NUS) and the Duke University School of Medicine suggest that increased caffeine intake may reduce fatty liver in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Mediterranean Diet Counteracts a Genetic Risk of Stroke, Study Reports

August 14, 2013 10:46 am | News | Comments

A gene variant strongly associated with development of type 2 diabetes appears to interact with a Mediterranean diet pattern to prevent stroke, report researchers. Their results are a significant advance for nutrigenomics, the study of the linkages between nutrition and gene function and their impact on human health, particularly chronic disease risk.

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Breaking News: 'Safe' Sugar Can be Toxic

August 13, 2013 11:21 am | News | Comments

When mice ate a diet of 25 percent extra sugar– the mouse equivalent of a healthy human diet plus three cans of soda daily– females died at twice the normal rate and males were a quarter less likely to hold territory and reproduce, according to a newly developed toxicity test.

Chocolate Can Keep Brain Healthy

August 8, 2013 11:54 am | News | Comments

Drinking two cups of hot chocolate a day may help older people keep their brains healthy and their thinking skills sharp, according to a new study. The study involved 60 people with an average age of 73 who did not have dementia and who drank two cups of hot cocoa per day for 30 days.

Lack of Sleep Linked to Junk Cravings

August 7, 2013 10:54 am | News | Comments

A sleepless night makes us more likely to reach for doughnuts or pizza than for whole grains and leafy green vegetables, suggests a new study that examines the brain regions that control food choices. The findings shed new light on the link between poor sleep and obesity.

Celiac Intestinal Damage Ups Cancer Risk

August 6, 2013 10:31 am | Videos | Comments

Patients with celiac disease who had persistent intestine damage (identified with repeat biopsy) had a higher risk of lymphoma than patients whose intestines healed, according to a new study. The damage is due to a reaction to eating gluten, which is found in wheat, barley and rye.

Genetics Linked to Scent Differences

August 5, 2013 11:30 am | News | Comments

Research suggests that we all smell different smells thanks to our genes. Scientists tested nearly 200 people for their sensitivity to ten different flavors that occur in food and have identified some of the genetic differences that determine an individual’s ability to smell various odors.

Breastfeeding May Lower Alzheimer’s Risk

August 5, 2013 11:18 am | News | Comments

A new study suggests that mothers who breastfeed run a lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s, with longer periods of breastfeeding further reducing the risk. The report suggests that the link may be to do with certain biological effects of breastfeeding.

Stem Cell Hamburger Makes Debut

August 5, 2013 10:58 am | by MARIA CHENG - AP MEDICAL WRITER | News | Comments

Two volunteers who participated in the first public frying of hamburger grown in a lab say that it had the texture of meat but was short of flavor because of the lack of fat. A research team in the Netherlands developed the burger, which was grown in a laboratory from stem cells of cattle.

Cyclospora Parasite Difficult to Detect

August 3, 2013 8:26 am | by DAVID PITT - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

Donna Heller thought she had cancer. But multiple visits to the doctor after a month with debilitating nausea and diarrhea didn't yield any answers. Convinced she was dying, she met with her lawyer to get her will in order. Then she saw a television report about an outbreak of cyclospora possibly linked to bagged salad mix.

FDA Regulates 'Gluten Free' Labels

August 2, 2013 1:49 pm | by MARY CLARE JALONICK - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

A label that reads "gluten free" will now mean the same thing for all food, regardless of which kind you buy. After more than a six-year delay, the Food and Drug Administration has set a new standard for labels that will make shopping easier for consumers on gluten-restricted diets.

Aging Alters Taste Preferences

July 31, 2013 9:56 am | News | Comments

New research found that aging elicits changes in taste preferences and that such changes appear to be independent of taste nerve activity. The researchers investigated differences in fluid intake and taste nerve responses across different age groups of rats.

More Than 275 Have Unidentified Stomach Bug in US

July 24, 2013 4:22 pm | by MARY CLARE JALONICK - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

Federal health authorities say more than 275 people in seven states have now been sickened with an unidentified stomach bug. The Food and Drug Administration is investigating the cyclospora infections, which are often found in tropical or subtropical countries and have been linked to imported fresh produce in the past.

Antioxidant Blocks Cardio Benefits in Men

July 23, 2013 12:34 pm | News | Comments

In older men, a natural antioxidant compound found in red grapes and other plants– called resveratrol– blocks many of the cardiovascular benefits of exercise, according to results from a recent research project. The research unusually suggests that eating a diet rich in antioxidants may actually counteract many of the health benefits of exercise.

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