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A Faster Way to Flag Bacteria-tainted Food and Prevent Illness

January 29, 2014 12:02 pm | News | Comments

The regular appearance of food poisoning in the news, including a recent event that led to the recall of more than 33,000 pounds of chicken, drives home the need for better bacterial detection long before meats and produce make it to the dinner table. On the horizon is a new approach for pathogen screening that is far faster than current commercial methods.

Scientists Find Genetic Mechanism Linking Aging to Specific Diets

January 28, 2014 1:39 pm | News | Comments

Your best friend swears by the Paleo Diet. Your boss loves Atkins. Your sister is gluten-free, and your roommate is an acolyte of Michael Pollan. So who’s right? Maybe they all are. Researchers identified a collection of genes that allow an organism to adapt to different diets and showed that without the genes, even minor tweaks to diets can cause premature aging and death.

FDA Says Nutrition Facts Label Will Get a Makeover

January 24, 2014 5:07 am | by Mary Clare Jalonick - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

After 20 years, the nutrition facts label on the back of food packages is getting a makeover. Knowledge about nutrition has evolved since the early 1990s, and the Food and Drug Administration says the labels need to reflect that. Nutritionists and other health experts have their own wish list for label changes.

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Can Fish Oil Preserve Brain Cells?

January 23, 2014 11:50 am | News | Comments

People with higher levels of the omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil may also have larger brain volumes in old age equivalent to preserving one to two years of brain health, according to a new study.                

Nuts Were All Our Big Brains Needed Millions of Years Ago

January 22, 2014 9:35 am | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

Nuts are in the news: a recent study has offered evidence for a big reason our bodies are so nuts for nuts. They are apparently almost all our big brains needed to survive— thus almost all we ate— from 1.4 to 2.4 million years ago.    

Activation of a Single Neuron Type Triggers Eating

January 21, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Activation of a single type of neuron in the prefrontal cortex can spur a mouse to eat more— a finding that may pinpoint an elusive mechanism the human brain uses to regulate food intake.                  

Special Yeast Reduce Alcohol, Improve Wine

January 17, 2014 10:56 am | News | Comments

A team of Australian researchers has taken a step towards controlling a growing problem in the wine community.  They have identified special yeast that produce a lower level of alcohol, helping to preserve the flavor. The alcoholic content of wine has crept gradually northward in the last 10-15 years, from 12-12.5 percent to beyond 15 percent and is seen by some as a disturbing trend, threatening the flavor and character of some wines.

Authenticating Premium Chocolate

January 15, 2014 10:31 am | News | Comments

For some people, nothing can top a morsel of luxuriously rich, premium chocolate. But until now, other than depending on their taste buds, chocolate connoisseurs had no way of knowing whether they were getting what they paid for. Scientists are now reporting a method to authenticate the varietal purity and origin of cacao beans, the source of chocolate’s main ingredient, cocoa.

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Fish Derived Serum Omega-3 Fatty Acids Help Reduce the Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

January 14, 2014 11:12 am | News | Comments

High concentrations of serum long-chain omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a University of Eastern Finland study. The sources of these fatty acids are fish and fish oils. The Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD) determined the serum omega-3 fatty acid concentrations of 2,212 men between 42 and 60 years of age at the onset of the study, in 1984–1989.

More Vitamin D in Pregnancy Could Lead to Stronger Babies

January 6, 2014 1:21 pm | News | Comments

Children are likely to have stronger muscles if their mothers had a higher level of vitamin D in their body during pregnancy, according to new research.                             

How Are Tastes, Facial Expressions Linked?

January 6, 2014 12:21 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have identied links between the palatability of various tastes and circulation in different parts of the face. Tastes deemed "pleasant" increase blood flow in the eyelid, according to the study.             

Dietary Fiber Can Protect Against Asthma

January 6, 2014 11:51 am | News | Comments

New research results suggest a link between the increasing number of people who have developed allergic asthma in the West and a lack of fruits and vegetables in Western diets.                      

Possible Ban on Trans Fat Forces Health Questions About Substitutes

December 19, 2013 11:39 am | News | Comments

Health advocates cheered last month’s FDA proposal to ban partially hydrogenated oils— which contain trans fats that increase the risk of heart disease— but some wonder whether the substitutes for these fats will be any healthier.      

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An Apple a Day Does Keep the Doctor Away

December 18, 2013 11:28 am | News | Comments

Prescribing an apple a day to all adults aged 50 and over would prevent or delay around 8,500 vascular deaths such as heart attacks and strokes every year in the UK, according to a new study.                 

FDA Moves Toward Cutting Antibiotics in Meat

December 12, 2013 8:30 am | by MARY CLARE JALONICK - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

Citing a potential threat to public health, the Food and Drug Administration is taking steps toward phasing out the use of some antibiotics in animals processed for meat.                       

You Are What Your Father Eats

December 11, 2013 11:25 am | News | Comments

Mothers typically get all the attention, but a new study suggests that the father’s diet before conception may play an equally important role in the health of their offspring.                       

Aspartame Sweetener is Safe in Cola, Review Says

December 10, 2013 8:11 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

After conducting a major review of evidence, the European Food Safety Authority has found that the artificial sweetener aspartame is safe for people to consume at the levels currently used in diet soft drinks.                     

Some Foods Can Help Bust Stress

December 9, 2013 11:27 am | News | Comments

Yes, our prehistoric ancestors had to fend off saber-toothed cats and gigantic hyenas. But did they ever have to take an organic chemistry final or host the in-laws for the holidays? Now that’s stress. And what we eat can either help our bodies fight stress– or hurt the effort.

Grape Seed Extract Component Effective Against Cancer Cells

December 5, 2013 12:53 pm | News | Comments

The most active component of grape seed extract, B2G2, induces the cell death known as apoptosis in prostate cancer cells while leaving healthy cells unharmed, according to a new study.                   

Stomach 'Clock' Tells Us How Much to Eat

December 5, 2013 12:43 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have discovered the first evidence that the nerves in the stomach act as a circadian clock, limiting food intake to specific times of the day.                           

High-fat Diet Speeds Breast Cancer Development

November 26, 2013 11:32 am | News | Comments

New findings show that eating a high-fat diet beginning at puberty speeds up the development of breast cancer and may actually increase the risk of cancer similar to a type often found in younger adult women.            

Dietary Nutrient Essential for Brain Development

November 25, 2013 2:23 pm | News | Comments

Asparagine, found in foods such as meat, eggs, and dairy products, was until now considered non-essential because it is produced naturally by the body. Researchers have now found that the amino acid is essential for normal brain development.   

Nuts Can Lower Cancer, Heart Death Risk

November 20, 2013 6:34 pm | by MARILYNN MARCHIONE - AP Chief Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Help yourself to some nuts this holiday season: Regular nut eaters were less likely to die of cancer or heart disease — in fact, were less likely to die of any cause — during a 30-year Harvard study.               

Coffee May Help Perk Up Blood Vessels

November 20, 2013 12:45 pm | News | Comments

The caffeine in a cup of coffee might help your small blood vessels work better, according to a new study showing that drinking a cup of caffeinated coffee significantly improved blood flow in participants' fingers.          

Low-fat Diet Changes Prostate Cancer Tissue

November 19, 2013 2:10 pm | News | Comments

Men with prostate cancer who ate a low-fat diet and took fish oil supplements had lower levels of pro-inflammatory substances in their blood and a lower cell cycle progression score— a measure used to predict cancer recurrence— than men who ate a typical Western diet, researchers found.

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