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White Bread Helps Boost Some of the Gut’s ‘Good’ Microbes

June 11, 2014 2:36 pm | News | Comments

White-bread lovers take heart. Scientists are now reporting that this much-maligned food seems to encourage the growth of some of our most helpful inhabitants—beneficial gut bacteria. In addition to this surprising find, their study also revealed that when looking at effects of food on our “microbiomes,” considering the whole diet, not just individual ingredients, is critical.

‘Tomato Pill’ Improves Blood Vessel Function

June 10, 2014 12:58 pm | News | Comments

A daily supplement of an extract found in tomatoes may improve the function of blood vessels in patients with cardiovascular disease, according to new research.                          

‘Paleo Diet’ May Not Suppress Hunger

June 5, 2014 2:25 pm | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

The popular “Paleo diet,” oft described as an ancient diet dominated by grasses and modeled after diets from the Paleolithic period, may not quell hunger better than the modern “McDonald’s” diet.               

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Weight Loss Not Influenced by Breakfast

June 5, 2014 11:41 am | News | Comments

Nutritionists regularly suggest breakfast be eaten each morning for health benefits, including weight loss. But new research shows that, when comparing regularly consuming with regularly skipping breakfast, weight loss was not influenced.    

Saturated Fat May Influence Expression of Obesity Genes

June 4, 2014 2:28 pm | News | Comments

Limiting saturated fat could help people whose genetic make-up increases their chance of being obese, according to a new study. The findings could be useful in identifying people who are predisposed to obesity and could ultimately lead to personalized dietary recommendations.

Eating Prunes Can Help Weight Loss

May 30, 2014 1:48 pm | News | Comments

Research by the University of Liverpool has found that eating prunes as part of a weight control diet can improve weight loss. Consumption of dried fruit is not readily recommended during weight loss despite evidence it enhances feelings of fullness. However, a study of 100 overweight and obese low fiber consumers tested whether eating prunes as part of a weight loss diet helped or hindered weight control over a 12-week period.

Nanotechnology Takes on Diabetes

May 30, 2014 12:13 pm | News | Comments

A sensor which can be used to screen for diabetes in resource-poor settings has been developed by researchers and tested in diabetic patients, and will soon be field tested in sub-Saharan Africa.               

Variety in Diet Can Hamper Microbial Diversity in the Gut

May 28, 2014 1:20 pm | News | Comments

Scientists from The University of Texas at Austin and five other institutions have discovered that the more diverse the diet of a fish, the less diverse are the microbes living in its gut. If the effect is confirmed in humans, it could mean that the combinations of foods people eat can influence the diversity of their gut microbes.

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Food-Disinfecting Method May Fight Drug-Resistant Bacteria

May 27, 2014 2:11 pm | News | Comments

Technology currently used to disinfect food may help solve one of the most challenging problems in medicine today: the proliferation of bacteria resistant to antibiotics and other antimicrobial drugs.               

Genes Link Circadian Clock to Eating Schedule

May 22, 2014 1:51 pm | Videos | Comments

Scientists have discovered a pair of genes that normally keeps eating schedules in sync with daily sleep rhythms, and, when mutated, may play a role in so-called night eating syndrome.                   

Vitamin E in Canola and Other Oils Hurts Lungs

May 21, 2014 11:58 am | News | Comments

A large new Northwestern Medicine study upends our understanding of vitamin E and ties the increasing consumption of supposedly healthy vitamin E-rich oils—canola, soybean and corn—to the rising incidence of lung inflammation and, possibly, asthma.

Red Wine Shows Promise as Cavity Fighter

May 21, 2014 11:29 am | News | Comments

For anyone searching for another reason to enjoy a glass of red wine with dinner, here’s a good one: A new study has found that red wine, as well as grape seed extract, could potentially help prevent cavities. They say that their report could lead to the development of natural products that ward off dental diseases with fewer side effects.

Testing a Paleo Diet Hypothesis in the Test Tube

May 20, 2014 1:36 pm | News | Comments

By comparing how gut microbes from human vegetarians and grass-grazing baboons digest different diets, researchers have shown that ancestral human diets, so called “paleo" diets, did not necessarily result in better appetite suppression. The study reveals surprising relationships between diet and the release of hormones that suppress eating.

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Taste Test: Could Sense of Taste Affect Length of Life?

May 20, 2014 11:42 am | News | Comments

Perhaps one of the keys to good health isn’t just what you eat but how you taste it. Taste buds may in fact have a powerful role in a long and healthy life – at least for fruit flies. Researchers found that suppressing the animal’s ability to taste its food –regardless of how much it actually eats – can significantly increase or decrease its length of life and potentially promote healthy aging.

Red Wine May Not Prevent Heart Disease, Prolong Life

May 16, 2014 10:39 am | News | Comments

There is bad news for those who believe drinking red wine is protecting their hearts and extending their lives. A study found that a plant compound in grapes—resveratrol—may not provide such health benefits. The nine-year study found resveratrol had no significant effect on longevity, inflammation, cardiovascular disease, or cancer.

A New Approach to Treating Peanut and Other Food Allergies

May 14, 2014 1:35 pm | News | Comments

These days, more and more people seem to have food allergies, which can sometimes have life-threatening consequences. Scientists report the development of a new type of flour that someday could be used in food-based therapies to help people better tolerate their allergy triggers, including peanuts.

Breaking News: High-produce Diet Cuts Stroke Risk

May 8, 2014 4:00 pm | News | Comments

Eating more fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of stroke worldwide, according to new research. The beneficial effects applied consistently to men and women, stroke outcome and by type of stroke.              

When Wine Hits the Right Nerve

May 5, 2014 1:31 pm | News | Comments

If wine leaves a bitter, cotton-like coating on the tongue, neither the sense of taste nor the sense of smell is responsible. The traditional oak barrel character, also called barrique character, is perceived via the trigeminal nerve, which is responsible for, among other things, pain and temperature perception.

Individual Brain Activity Predicts Tendency to Succumb to Temptations

May 1, 2014 1:37 pm | News | Comments

Activity in areas of the brain related to reward and self-control may offer neural markers that predict whether people are likely to resist or give in to temptations, like food, in daily life, according to research.           

Discovery of Anti-appetite Molecule Released by Fiber Could Help Tackle Obesity

April 30, 2014 2:25 pm | News | Comments

New research has helped unpick a long-standing mystery about how dietary fiber suppresses appetite. In a study led by Imperial College London and the Medical Research Council (MRC), an international team of researchers identified an anti-appetite molecule called acetate that is naturally released when we digest fiber in the gut. Once released, the acetate is transported to the brain where it produces a signal to tell us to stop eating.

Statins May Lead Some Patients to Pig Out

April 24, 2014 9:20 pm | by Lindsey Tanner - AP Medical Writer | News | Comments

Ten years of U.S. data suggest that calorie and fat intake increased among statin users during the decade, an indication that many patients might be abandoning heart-healthy lifestyles and assuming that drugs alone will do the trick, the study authors said.

Half-Billion-Year-Old Heart Found More Complex than Today’s

April 24, 2014 3:01 pm | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

520 million years ago, the first known animal heart, the heart of an ancient shrimp, was formed. Now, it, and its vascular system, have been found to be more complex than that of modern shrimp, researchers report.         

Eat More Vegetables, Live a Longer Life

April 23, 2014 1:56 pm | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

We should eat even more vegetables than our governments— and moms— said. A recent study found that eating seven (or more) servings of veggies and fruits a day extends life by what the authors bill as a “staggering” 42 percent.       

Experts Decode Germs' DNA to Fight Food Poisoning

April 6, 2014 8:18 am | by Lauran Neergaard - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Chances are you've heard of mapping genes to diagnose rare diseases, predict your risk of cancer and tell your ancestry. But to uncover food poisonings? The nation's disease detectives are beginning a program to try to outsmart outbreaks by routinely decoding the DNA of potentially deadly bacteria and viruses.

Watermelon Could Lower Blood Pressure

April 3, 2014 12:00 pm | News | Comments

Be sure to pick up a watermelon—or two—at your local grocery store. It could save your life. A new study found that watermelon could significantly reduce blood pressure in overweight individuals both at rest and while under stress.

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