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The Lead

Discover the Real Beef About Meat

June 30, 2015 11:03 am | by University of Bristol | News | Comments

With the average cow producing 1000 times more methane than a human, meat production plays a big role in greenhouse gas emissions. But in a world where there’s a growing appetite for meat, how can our food system keep everyone happy while reducing its environmental impact?

Destructive Southern Pine Beetle Appears in Northeast States

June 23, 2015 10:19 am | by Frank Eltman, Associated Press | News | Comments

The southern pine beetle, which for generations has attacked forests throughout the southeastern...

Eastern Cougar Declared Extinct

June 23, 2015 9:48 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

A species of large cat not seen in the U.S. in 77 years is now officially extinct, according to...

Effects of Supercontinent Formation on Complex Life: Part II

June 19, 2015 8:56 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

Recently, Chinese and British scientists reported in Nature Geoscience that the...

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DDT’s Health Effects Continue to Ripple, with New Breast Cancer Link

June 17, 2015 10:12 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

DDT was a wonder pesticide, which turned the tide on everything from bed bugs to malaria-carrying mosquitoes during the 20th century. But even after its health and environmental effects were acknowledged and its agricultural use was banned in 1972, its toxic legacy continues, according to a new study.

Scientists Emerge From Isolated Dome on Hawaii Volcano Slope

June 16, 2015 8:48 am | by Cathy Bussewitz, Associated Press | News | Comments

Six scientists who were living under a dome on the slopes of a dormant Hawaii volcano for eight months to simulate life on Mars have emerged from isolation.

Researchers Discover How Moths See in the Dark

June 16, 2015 8:46 am | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Videos | Comments

The experiment involved a robotic flower and infrared cameras. 

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Scientists Reveal Underpinnings of Drought Tolerance in Plants

June 12, 2015 11:04 am | by American Society of Plant Biologists | News | Comments

Scientists used a genome-wide approach to studying drought tolerance in plants and identified regulatory pathway that can be used to increase drought tolerance.

Global Warming 'Hiatus' Never Happened, NOAA Says

June 5, 2015 8:11 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

The hiatus was originally proposed in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC, Fifth Assessment report.

Los Angeles Area Shoreline is Latest to Close Over Oily Goo

June 4, 2015 10:48 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Volunteers and crews scooped up the goo on the beach about 25 miles south of downtown Los Angeles. Officials didn't say how much of the sticky substance washed up.

Mechanism Behind Asthma and Chronic Rhinosinusitis Proposed

June 4, 2015 10:08 am | by Northwestern University | News | Comments

A new Northwestern Medicine study suggests that a protein called Oncostatin M (OSM) may compromise the airway’s epithelial barrier, a wall of cells that blocks pathogens, environmental factors and allergens from entering tissue and triggering the body’s immune system.

The Growth of Earth’s Supercontinent Spurred Complex Life

June 3, 2015 9:00 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

For two billion years, single-celled prokaryotes dominated life on Earth. No one has known just why/when eukaryotes—vastly more complex multi-cellular creatures, like ourselves, with cell nuclei and incredible diversity—arose out of this (comparatively) bland prokaryotic sea.

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We Gain 20,000 Species Yearly—But Lose More Than That

May 28, 2015 8:55 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

A SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry (ESF) team annually publicly celebrates the discovery of 10 of the most interesting newly discovered species, to bring attention to the fact that, if humans don’t take far greater care of them all, we may have a mass extinction of 70% of all species on Earth within 300 years.

Alaska's Popular Walrus Cam Streams Again After a Decade

May 22, 2015 9:42 am | by Mark Thiessen, Associated Press | News | Comments

A popular webcam showing large male Pacific walruses lying on the beach with a Hitchcockian number of seabirds flying overhead is once again streaming to the Internet.

Ancient Lake Challenges Understanding of Evolution

May 21, 2015 10:05 am | by University of Aberdeen | News | Comments

An ancient lake could hold the key to our understanding of how complex life evolved on Earth, according to recent research.

Genetics Allow Animals to Produce their Own Sunscreen

May 20, 2015 10:33 am | by Joe Shust, Editor, Continuity Insights | Articles | Comments

Researchers have discovered that unique genome sequences allow fish, reptiles, birds and other animals to create a compound that acts as sunscreen.

Future for Warming US: Not Just the Heat but the Humanity

May 19, 2015 9:06 am | by Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer | News | Comments

The combination of global warming and shifting population means that by mid-century, there will be a huge increase in the number of Americans sweating through days that are extremely hot, a new study says.

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Hong Kong to Use DNA Technology to Publicly Shame Litterbugs

May 18, 2015 11:42 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | Articles | Comments

DNA phenotyping is just starting to be used to track down criminals, generate new leads on cold-case homicides, and put faces to unidentified and missing people. Now in Hong Kong, it’s being used to threaten litterbugs with public shame, according to organizers of a new anti-polluting campaign.

Great White Shark Cruising East Coast Becomes Twitter Star

May 18, 2015 9:04 am | by Philip Marcelo, Associated Press | News | Comments

An organization studying great white sharks is enjoying some welcome attention after one of the creatures they've been monitoring started gaining a loyal social media following. (at)MaryLeeShark is the fake Twitter handle for a very real, nearly 3,500-pound great white whose movements can be tracked online and in real time.

Five Biotech Startups to Check Out This Month

May 18, 2015 8:53 am | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Articles | Comments

These companies are having an interesting year so far.

Did Dinosaur-killing Asteroid Trigger Largest Lava Flows on Earth?

May 13, 2015 10:39 am | by University of Cambridge | News | Comments

The asteroid that slammed into the ocean off Mexico 66 million years ago and killed off the dinosaurs probably rang the Earth like a bell, triggering volcanic eruptions around the globe, according to a multi-disciplinary team of scientists.

Ticks and the Disease They Carry Rapidly Moving Around U.S.

May 13, 2015 9:44 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

In the southern part of Indiana, an oasis exists where the ticks don’t carry Lyme Disease. But the rest of the contiguous U.S. still needs to watch out for the little sickness-carrying arachnids, with each walk in the woods. The geography of the various tick species is changing– and with it, some of what they can be carrying with each bite.

Bioscience Bulletin

May 11, 2015 9:38 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Articles | Comments

In case you missed any exciting news on Bioscience Technology last week, here is a round-up of the top five most popular stories.

Researchers Unravel Secrets of Hidden Waves

May 8, 2015 10:43 am | by David L. Chandler, MIT | News | Comments

Region of world’s strongest “internal waves” is analyzed in detail; work could help refine climate models.

Origin of Complex Life

May 8, 2015 10:33 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

Complex life – from humans to hamsters--may have evolved suddenly from a rare event. After two billion years of simple bacterial and archaeal life reigning on earth, an archaea may have swallowed a bacterium, and become a new creature with enough energy to grow and diversity like never before: the eukaryote.

Fungus Enhances Crop Roots and Could Be a Future 'Bio-fertilizer'

May 5, 2015 11:36 am | by University of Cambridge | News | Comments

“Ancient relationship” between fungi and plant roots creates genetic expression that leads to more root growth. Common fungus could one day be used as ‘bio-fertilizer’, replacing mined phosphate which is now depleted to the point of impending fertilizer crisis.

New Sea Star Babies Offer Hope Amid Mass Deaths in Pacific

May 4, 2015 9:21 am | by Phuong Le, Associated Press | News | Comments

Emerging from a recent dive 40 feet below the surface of Puget Sound, biologist Ben Miner wasn't surprised by what he found: The troubling disease that wiped out millions of sea stars up and down the West Coast had not spared this site along the rocky cliffs of Lopez Island.

Study: Global Warming to Push 1 in 13 Species to Extinction

May 1, 2015 10:29 am | by Seth Borenstein, Associated Press Science Writer | News | Comments

Global warming will eventually push 1 out of every 13 species on Earth into extinction, a new study projects.

Rare Dune Plants Thrive on Disturbance

April 29, 2015 9:53 am | by Washington University in St. Louis | News | Comments

Stabilizing dunes suppresses native species and makes the dunes themselves more prone to erosion.

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