Neuroscientists have generated mutant worms that do not get intoxicated by alcohol, a result that could lead to new drugs to treat the symptoms of people going through alcohol withdrawal.
If you consider your friends family, you may be on to something. A new study finds that friends who are not biologically related still resemble each other genetically.
Around half of the genes that influence how well a child can read also play a role in their mathematics ability, according to scientists who led a study into the genetic basis of cognitive traits.
Just as Nature was setting about retracting two famous Riken CDB papers claiming to make “STAP” stem cells from ordinary cells, another Riken researcher said she might suspend a world-first clinical trial of a competing—legitimate—stem cell technique. But within hours, she modified her views, according to Riken.
Scientists have discovered that obese individuals lack a protein that is essential for regulating blood glucose levels, causing them to face higher risks of developing diabetes.
By switching off a single gene, scientists have converted human gastrointestinal cells into insulin-producing cells, demonstrating in principle that a drug could retrain cells inside a person's GI tract to produce insulin.
Adults who watch TV for three hours or more each day may double their risk of premature death compared to those who watch less, according to new research.
Investors and gamblers take note: your betting decisions and strategy are determined, in part, by your genes. Researchers have shown that betting decisions are influenced by the specific variants of dopamine-regulating genes in a person's brain.
Researchers have determined that a copper compound known for decades may form the basis for a therapy for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig’s disease.
Researchers have found that persons with lower blood levels of vitamin D were twice as likely to die prematurely as people with higher blood levels of vitamin D.
Young men who use cannabis may be putting their fertility at risk by inadvertently affecting the size and shape of their sperm, according to recently published research.
Nutritionists regularly suggest breakfast be eaten each morning for health benefits, including weight loss. But new research shows that, when comparing regularly consuming with regularly skipping breakfast, weight loss was not influenced.
The gap between stem cell research and regenerative medicine just became a lot narrower, thanks to a new technique that coaxes stem cells, with potential to become any tissue type, to take the first step to specialization. It is the first time this critical step has been demonstrated in a laboratory.
The risk of developing the most deadly form of skin cancer, melanoma, was more closely related to sun exposure in early life than in adulthood in young Caucasian women, according to a new study.
In an attempt to catalog the human “proteome,” a team of researchers identified 193 novel proteins that came from regions of the genome not predicted to code for proteins.
Could a common sexually transmitted infection boost a man’s risk for prostate cancer? A new study is exploring the connection between prostate cancer and the parasite that causes trichomoniasis, the most common non-viral sexually transmitted infection in men and women.
As humans, how, and why, do we think and act so differently from other species? A new study suggests that the big difference between humans and other species may lie in how we use our brains for routine tasks.
A research team has just discovered that melatonin supplements make bones stronger in elderly rats and therefore, potentially, in elderly humans, too.
Scientists have discovered a pair of genes that normally keeps eating schedules in sync with daily sleep rhythms, and, when mutated, may play a role in so-called night eating syndrome.
Blocking a pain receptor in mice not only extends their lifespan, it also gives them a more youthful metabolism, including an improved insulin response that allows them to deal better with high blood sugar.
A group of 11 genes can successfully predict whether an individual is at increased risk of alcoholism, a research team recently reported. Knowing one has a genetic predisposition to alcohol abuse could encourage behavioral and lifestyle changes.
High cholesterol levels may impair fertility in couples trying to achieve a pregnancy, according to a new study. Couples in which each partner had a high cholesterol level took the longest time to reach pregnancy, the study showed.
A new study uses genetic information extracted from the remains of an adolescent girl to help resolve the longstanding debate about the origins of the first people to inhabit the Americas.
The caffeine in coffee that might help get you going in the morning can be lifesaving for premature babies. For more than a decade, neonatologists have routinely given premature newborns caffeine as a respiratory stimulant, helping their immature lungs and brains remember to breathe.