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Cell Type Responsible for Scarring, Skin-cancer Growth Identified

April 17, 2015 3:12 pm | by Stanford University | News | Comments

A single cell type in the skin of mice is a major contributor to scarring after wound healing or radiation damage, and facilitates the growth of melanoma. Blocking the cell’s activity in humans may be possible with currently approved drugs.

Angiogenesis Inhibitors Undermined by Immune Cells, Says Study

April 17, 2015 2:57 pm | by University of California San Francisco | News | Comments

Research suggests strategy to prevent relapse after therapies targeting tumor blood vessels.

As Subdural Hematomas Increase, so do Brain Growth Studies

April 17, 2015 2:47 pm | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

There will be 60,000 annual cases of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) by 2030, making SDH the U.S...

Study Describes First Steps in Basic Biological Process that Could Be Used to Harness Therapeutic Cells

April 17, 2015 2:23 pm | by University of Penn Medicine | News | Comments

Understanding the molecular signals that guide early cells in the embryo to develop into...

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Encountering a Wall Corrects 'GPS' Cells in Mouse Brains

April 17, 2015 10:20 am | by Stanford University | News | Comments

Researchers have found more evidence that the brain’s grid cells help a mouse mentally map its location in the dark.

Nanoparticles at Specific Temperature Stimulate Antitumor Response

April 17, 2015 9:59 am | by Dartmouth College | News | Comments

Dartmouth researchers identify precise heat to boost immune system against cancer tumors.

Income and Brain Anatomy

April 17, 2015 9:52 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

In middle-schoolers, neuroscientists find differences in brain structures where knowledge is stored.

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Fitness Trackers Could Support MS Treatments: Study

April 16, 2015 3:13 pm | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Articles | Comments

The team of investigators will present their findings this week at the annual American Academy of Neurology meeting.

Rare, Deadly Lymphoma Demystified

April 16, 2015 10:46 am | by Columbia University | News | Comments

Findings identify a cause of the disease and highlight potential therapeutic approach.

Disney-linked Measles Outbreak Soon to be Over in California

April 16, 2015 10:35 am | by Alicia Chang, Science Writer, Associated Press | News | Comments

A measles outbreak that began at Disneyland and reignited debate about vaccinations is nearing an end.

Open Road to the Circuit Diagram of the Brain

April 16, 2015 10:29 am | by Max Planck Institute | News | Comments

Staining method brings the reconstruction of all nerve cells and their connections within reach.

Scientists Use Brain Stimulation to Boost Creativity

April 16, 2015 10:17 am | by UNC | News | Comments

Using a weak electric current to alter a specific brain activity pattern, UNC School of Medicine researchers increased creativity in healthy adults. Now they’re testing the same experimental protocol to alleviate symptoms in people with depression.

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Study Questions Accuracy of Certain Tumor-only Gene Mapping

April 16, 2015 9:23 am | by Lauran Neergaard, Medical Writer, Associated Press | News | Comments

More cancer patients are getting the genes in their tumors mapped to help guide their treatment. New research suggests that isn't always accurate enough, and a second test could help ferret out the culprit genes.

Inadequate Vitamin E May Damage Brain

April 15, 2015 9:52 am | by Oregon State University | News | Comments

Researchers at Oregon State University have discovered how vitamin E deficiency may cause neurological damage by interrupting a supply line of specific nutrients and robbing the brain of the “building blocks” it needs to maintain neuronal health.

A New Tool for Understanding ALS: Patients’ Brain Cells

April 15, 2015 9:34 am | by Johns Hopkins | News | Comments

Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine have transformed skin cells from patients with Lou Gehrig’s disease, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), into brain cells affected by the progressive, fatal disease and deposited those human-made cells into the first public ALS cell library, enabling scientists to better study the disease.

Wearable Device Slows Deadly Brain Tumors

April 15, 2015 9:14 am | by University of Virginia | News | Comments

A wearable device that emits low-level electrical fields can slow the progression of glioblastoma, the deadliest form of brain cancer, and extend patients’ lifespans.

Heavy Drinking May Cause More Strokes Than Hypertension Does in Mid-Life

April 15, 2015 9:13 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

Research has shown that drinking two or fewer alcoholic beverages a day may be beneficial for men’s hearts. A new study suggests that danger could be a heartbeat away: more than two drinks a day in middle age may raise men’s stroke risk more than hypertension (high blood pressure, HBP) or diabetes does.

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A Guide to Targeted NGS: Generating Accurate Data for Personalized Medicine

April 15, 2015 8:57 am | by Ellen Prediger, Ph.D., Senior Writer, Integrated DNA Technologies (IDT) | Articles | Comments

As personalized medicine is integrated into mainstream medical treatment, sequencing clinically relevant genes using the latest next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies will prove instrumental in guiding clinicians towards informed treatment decisions.

Recruiting the Entire Immune System to Attack Cancer

April 14, 2015 10:59 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

Stimulating both major branches of the immune system halts tumor growth more effectively.

Gold By Special Delivery Intensifies Cancer-killing Radiation

April 14, 2015 10:48 am | by Brown University | News | Comments

Researchers at Brown and URI have demonstrated what could be a more precise method for targeting cancer cells for radiation. Cancer-seeking peptides ferry nanoparticles of gold to the site. The gold then helps focus radiation on the cancer cells.

How Deep-Brain Stimulation Reshapes Neural Circuits in Parkinson’s

April 14, 2015 10:28 am | by UCSF | News | Comments

Study reveals mode of action of highly effective, but poorly understood therapy.

Network “Hubs” in the Brain Attract Information, Much Like Airport System

April 14, 2015 10:18 am | by University of Michigan | News | Comments

One of the brain’s main jobs is information processing – what is critical, however, is that information in the brain gets transferred to the right places at the right times.

Getting Bigger Brains Through Exercise

April 14, 2015 10:08 am | by Bioscience Technology Staff | Articles | Comments

The brain gets bigger with physical exercise, according to two recent studies.

New Compound Could Offer Therapy for Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s

April 14, 2015 9:15 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Articles | Comments

An international research team has developed a compound that successfully targets and destroys aggregated proteins, leading to hopes for a new class of drugs effective against a multitude of diseases including Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

Touch-Sensing Neurons Are Multitaskers

April 13, 2015 10:51 am | by Johns Hopkins | News | Comments

Two types of touch information — the feel of an object and the position of an animal’s limb — have long been thought to flow into the brain via different channels and be integrated in sophisticated processing regions. Now, with help from a specially devised mechanical exoskeleton that positioned monkeys’ hands in different postures, Johns Hopkins researchers have challenged that view.

Can Humans Get Norovirus From Their Dogs?

April 13, 2015 10:34 am | by American Society for Microbiology | News | Comments

Human norovirus may infect our canine companions, according to research published online April 1 in the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, a publication of the American Society for Microbiology.

Inside New York's Cryotherapy Lab

April 13, 2015 10:04 am | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Videos | Comments

This company is offering a peculiar treatment.

Cancer Surge in China Prompts Rise of Special Patient Hotels

April 13, 2015 9:04 am | by Jack Chang, Associated Press | News | Comments

Li Xiaohe has set herself up for the long haul in a cramped but sunny room in western Beijing, about a block from China's most renowned cancer hospital. Her laundry dries on hangers and her husband cooks in a communal kitchen as she embarks on an 84-day program of chemotherapy, following the removal of part of her right breast.

Dreams and REM Sleep May Be About Memory Consolidation

April 13, 2015 8:39 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep, during which vivid dreaming occurs, may be a period in which memory is consolidated, according to research in Science Advances.

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