Thyroid hormones have important and diverse roles in human health and regulate metabolic rate. Thyroid disease is common (affecting 5-10 per cent of the population) and synthetic thyroid hormones are one of the commonest drug therapies prescribed worldwide.
Newly discovered brain pathway overturns anatomy, could solve antipsychotic mystery.
Michael J. Fox Foundation and Alzheimer’s Association fund $2 million for research projects studying overlap in neurodegenerative diseases.
Stroke can lead to a wide range of problems such as depression and difficulty moving, speaking and paying attention. A new study has found compelling evidence that stroke damage to “cables” buried inside the brain plays an important role in these impairments.
Neuroscientists find that different parts of the brain work best at different ages.
Prenatal exposure to low doses of the environmental contaminants polychlorinated biphenyls, or PCBs, change the developing brain in an area involved in metabolism, and some effects are apparent even two generations later, a new study finds.
Researchers have developed a new technique to understand the actions of key proteins required for cancer cells to proliferate.
Thousands of genetic “dimmer” switches, regions of DNA known as regulatory elements, were turned up high during human evolution in the developing cerebral cortex, according to new research.
Testing breast cancer cells for how closely they resemble stem cells could identify women with the most aggressive disease, a new study suggests.
Implanted stem cells reduced symptoms of disease during experiment, researchers say.
Researchers at Aalto University and University of Turku have revealed how obesity is associated with altered opioid neurotransmission in the brain.
People with poor physical fitness in their 40s may have accelerated brain aging by the time they hit 60.
Mapping a fruit fly's brain, neuron by neuron, to study how brain controls behavior.
A study reveals for the first time exactly how mutations associated with the most common form of inherited Alzheimer’s disease produce the disorder’s devastating effects.
A provocative study in mice suggests something as simple as breathing in extra oxygen might give immune cells a boost in attacking cancer.
New findings could help with future navigational problems associated with Alzheimer’s and other neurological disorders.
Certain neurons act as conductors, suggesting possible therapies for disorders such as schizophrenia.
Amyloid – an abnormal protein whose accumulation in the brain is a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease – starts accumulating inside neurons of people as young as 20, a much younger age than scientists ever imagined, reports a surprising new study.
Tumor recurrence following a period of remission is the main cause of death in cancer. The ability of cancer cells to remain dormant during and following therapy, only to be reactivated at a later time, frequently with greater aggressiveness, is one of the least-understood aspects of the disease.
The new study describes in detail the loss of connectivity between two sets of neurons that prevents the formation of long-term memory.
Three startups are taking advantage of new technology to help patients get treatment for various diseases all over the world.
Tiny particles embedded in gel can turn off drug-resistance genes, then release cancer drugs.
The United Nations is urging donors, organizations and countries fighting Ebola in West Africa not to give in to complacency as the death toll from the virus climbs toward 10,000.
Study in mice identifies mechanism that lowers levels of dopamine and heightens behavior suggesting anxiety and depression.