Researchers have found a possible predictor for little understood -- but often disabling or even fatal -- stroke complications.
Scientists have revealed that sugars on a specific mucus protein can induce eosinophil death and help combat asthma.
When 2 milliliters of blood are run through the chip, the tumor cells stick to the nanowires like Velcro.
Diabetes treatments have saved many lives, but in older patients with multiple medical conditions, aggressively controlling blood sugar with insulin and sulfonylurea drugs, could lead to over-treatment and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), according to new research by Yale School of Medicine researchers.
The nose, of course, knows nothing. The information we gather from the basic odor-detection task performed by molecular receptors in the nose needs to be processed in the brain’s olfactory bulb and olfactory cortex in order for us to make sense of an odor and glean what we need to know to take action.
A team of researchers from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) sheds new light on the underlying pathology of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a rare but devastating disease that causes muscle weakness and paralysis and is the leading genetic cause of infant deaths. The newly obtained insights may prove valuable as scientists currently work to define optimal treatment strategies for patients.
DNA sequences were once thought to be identical from cell to cell, but it’s increasingly understood that mutations can arise during brain development that affect only certain groups of brain cells.
For the first time, the genome of a mammal longer-lived than man has been sequenced: the bowhead whale, who lives 200-plus years, and gets far less cancer given its size.
In the race to find a safe and effective weight loss drug, much attention has focused on the chemical processes that store and use energy.
The fingers of papillary tumors often grow back after surgery, but flat carcinoma in situ cancers are typically more aggressive and more likely to spread.
In the midst of a worrisome flu season, health officials are pushing doctors to prescribe antiviral medicines more often.
Space-mapping brain neurons do not “light up” in scans when exposed to the virtual reality (VR) at work in kids’ video games, the way they do in the “real world.” The neurons—found in the hippocampus—only mirror the “reality” state some 50 percent of the time.
New research shows that the human brain uses memories to make predictions about what it expects to find in familiar contexts.
The agreement will integrate genomics research conducted at Columbia with Biogen Idec’s understanding of disease mechanisms and pathways, and expertise in discovering new medicines.
Among the thorniest challenges in the study of speech perception, the invariance problem was first identified in the 1950s, when scientists began using instruments to analyze spoken language.
A face is more than a static collection of features. A shift in gaze, a tightening of the lips, a tilt of the head, these movements convey important clues to someone’s state of mind. Scientists know that two particularly social and visual creatures, humans and rhesus macaque monkeys, have a network of small areas within their brains that become active when shown still images of faces.
Worm infections represent a major global public health problem, leading to a variety of debilitating diseases and conditions, such as anemia, elephantiasis, growth retardation and dysentery. Several drugs are available to treat worm infections, but reinfection is high especially in developing countries.
23andMe and Genentech team up to generate whole genome sequencing data for approximately 3,000 people in 23andMe's Parkinson's disease community.
Adding radiation treatment to hormone therapy saves more lives among older men with locally advanced prostate therapy than hormone therapy alone.
A small protein active in the human immune response can disable bacterial toxins by exploiting a property that makes the toxins effective.
Two new studies have identified a unique molecule that not only gobbles up bad cells, but also has the ability to repair damaged nerve cells.
Scientists have found that a transcription factor protein may be critical for normal respiratory function.
Scientists used to believe that our neurologic fate was sealed at birth with a single, lifetime allotment of brain cells.
Using a different type of MRI imaging, researchers at the University of Iowa have discovered previously unrecognized differences in the brains of patients with bipolar disorder. In particular, the study, published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, revealed differences in the white matter of patients' brains and in the cerebellum.
Some children are more sensitive to their environments, for better and for worse. Now Duke University researchers have identified a gene variant that may serve as a marker for these children, who are among society’s most vulnerable.