Years before they show any other signs of disease, pancreatic cancer patients have very high levels of certain amino acids in their bloodstream, according to a new study.
An excruciating mosquito-borne illness that arrived less than a year ago in the Americas is raging across the region, leaping from the Caribbean to the Central and South American mainland, and infecting more than 1 million people.
Health officials are investigating nine cases of muscle weakness or paralysis in Colorado children and whether the culprit might be a virus causing severe respiratory illness across the country.
An American doctor who was exposed to the Ebola virus while volunteering in Sierra Leone has been admitted for observation at The National Institutes of Health near the nation's capital. NIH confirmed in a news release on its website that the physician arrived Sunday.
New research has answered the long-standing question of why mutations to the RB1 gene primarily cause tumors of the retina and not of other cell types. The study could reveal new cellular signaling pathways relevant to retinal development, cancer development, and ultimately, the development of novel therapies.
Tests on the brains of macaques have shown that neurons in at least two regions of the brain, the temporal and frontal lobes, are responsible for deciding which impressions reach our consciousness.
High levels of calcium in blood, a condition known as hypercalcemia, can be used by GPs as an early indication of certain types of cancer, according to a new study.
Over 500 million people worldwide carry a genetic mutation that disables a common metabolic protein called ALDH2. The mutation, which predominantly occurs in people of East Asian descent, leads to an increased risk of heart disease and poorer outcomes after a heart attack. Now, have learned for the first time specifically how the mutation affects heart health.
Bacillus anthracis bacteria have very efficient machinery for injecting toxic proteins into cells, leading to the potentially deadly infection known as anthrax. A team of researchers has now hijacked that delivery system for a different purpose: administering cancer drugs.
A new study further supports an inescapable message: caregivers have a profound influence— good or bad— on the emotional state of individuals with Alzheimer’s disease.
On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski reports on a discovery that claims the smell of mown grass is actually an SOS for help in resisting insect attacks. Our second story covers the possibility that modified vitamin D can help fight pancreatic cancer.
An analysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in a mouse model of pancreatic cancer has identified distinct patterns of gene expression in several groups of these cells, including significant differences from the primary tumor that may contribute to their ability to spread.
Scientists have provided experimental evidence supporting dromedary camels as the primary reservoir, or carrier, of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV).
Scientists have developed an approach to creating treatments for osteoporosis and autoimmune diseases that may avoid the risk of infection and cancer posed by some current medications.
New research suggests that people who notice their memory is slipping may be on to something. The research appears to confirm that self-reported memory complaints are strong predictors of clinical memory impairment later in life.
The first animal model for ALS dementia, a form of ALS that also damages the brain, has been developed by scientists. The advance will allow researchers to directly see the brains of living mice, under anesthesia, at the microscopic level.
On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski covers research showing that measuring the brain’s response to sights and sounds can help in classifying people on the autism spectrum. Our second story looks at how the human response to unfairness may have involved in support of long-term cooperation.
An enzyme found in all living things could be key to fighting deadly parasite-borne diseases, according to a new study. Research into the enzyme, which helps cells convert nutrients into energy, has shown that it is activated in different ways in various species.
Infants’ vocalizations throughout the first year follow a set of predictable steps from crying and cooing to forming syllables and first words. New research shows that infant vocalizations are primarily motivated by infants’ ability to hear their own babbling.
Doctors at three leading research institutions and the American Diabetes Association report that treating patients with prediabetes as if they had diabetes could help prevent or delay the most severe complications associated with this chronic disease.
Simultaneously using mobile phones, laptops and other media devices could be changing the structure of our brains, according to new research.
A Red Cross team was attacked while collecting bodies believed to be infected with Ebola in southeastern Guinea, the latest in a string of assaults that are hindering efforts to control West Africa's current outbreak.
A new study focused on mental well-being found that high and low mental well-being were consistently associated with an individual’s fruit and vegetable consumption.
Researchers have found that when the protein matrix metalloproteinase-14 (MMP-14) is reduced or lost, white blood cells, known as macrophages, become good and could prevent hardening of the arteries, rupture and sudden death.