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Scanner Could Aid Brain Tumor Removal, Reduce Recurrence

September 3, 2014 2:13 pm | News | Comments

Cancerous brain tumors are notorious for growing back despite surgical attempts to remove them. But scientists are currently developing a new way to try to root out malignant cells during surgery so fewer or none get left behind to form new tumors.

Memory-boosting Sensor Strengthens Synaptic Connections

September 3, 2014 2:02 pm | News | Comments

How does short-term memory happen at the molecular level? New research has identified a calcium sensor that helps strengthen the connections between brain cells.                           

Ebola Fight to Cost $600M, WHO Says

September 3, 2014 12:23 pm | by Sarah DiLorenzo and Maria Cheng - Associated Press | News | Comments

At least $600 million is needed to fight the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa, which has now killed more than 1,900 people, the World Health Organization announced Wednesday.                     

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Double Mastectomy Doesn't Boost Survival for Most

September 2, 2014 4:23 pm | by Lindsey Tanner - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Removing both breasts to treat cancer affecting only one side doesn't boost survival chances for most women, compared with surgery that removes just the tumor, a large study suggests.                    

Technique Helps ID Early Alzheimer’s

September 2, 2014 2:18 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a technique to create a highly sensitive surface for measuring the concentration of a peptide that is a biomarker for early stage Alzheimer’s disease.                     

A New Way to Diagnose Malaria

September 2, 2014 2:09 pm | News | Comments

A research team has devised a way to use magnetic resonance relaxometry (MRR), a close cousin of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to detect a parasitic waste product in the blood of Malaria-infected patients.             

Surprising New Role for Calcium in Sensing Pain

September 2, 2014 1:54 pm | Videos | Comments

When you accidentally touch a hot oven, you rapidly pull your hand away. Although scientists know the basic neural circuits involved in sensing and responding to such painful stimuli, they are still sorting out the molecular players. Now, researchers have made a surprising discovery about the role of a key molecule involved in pain.

Training Your Brain to Prefer Healthy Foods

September 2, 2014 1:42 pm | News | Comments

It may be possible to train the brain to prefer healthy low-calorie foods over unhealthy higher-calorie foods. A brain scan study in adult men and women suggests that it is possible to reverse the addictive power of unhealthy food while also increasing preference for healthy foods.

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Spinach Extract Decreases Food Cravings

September 2, 2014 1:32 pm | Videos | Comments

A spinach extract containing green leaf membranes called thylakoids decreases hedonic hunger with up to 95 percent and increases weight loss by 43 percent, according to a new study.                   

World is 'Losing the Battle' Against Ebola

September 2, 2014 12:23 pm | by Alexandra Olson - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

The international group Doctor Without Borders warned Tuesday that the world is `losing the battle' against Ebola, while U.N. officials implored all countries to quickly step up their response by contributing health experts and other help.    

Genomic Sequencing Reveals Insights into Ebola Outbreak

August 29, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

In response to an ongoing, unprecedented outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa, a team of researchers has rapidly sequenced and analyzed more than 99 Ebola virus genomes.                   

This is Your Brain's Blood Vessels on Drugs

August 29, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

A new method for measuring and imaging how quickly blood flows in the brain could help doctors and researchers better understand how drug abuse affects the brain, which may aid in improving brain-cancer surgery and tissue engineering, and lead to better treatment options for recovering drug addicts.

BST This Week #12: ‘Sleep Drunkenness’ May Affect 1 in 15 People

August 29, 2014 8:30 am | Videos | Comments

On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski talks about “sleep drunkenness,” a sleep disorder that likely affects 1 in every 15 people. Our second story covers new research into how hummingbirds came to detect sweetness in nectar.

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From Bite Site to Brain: How Rabies Virus Hijacks Nerve Cells

August 29, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

New research sheds light on how the rabies virus hijacks the transport system in nerve cells to reach the brain with maximal speed and efficiency.                              

CTC Clusters More Likely to Cause Metastasis

August 29, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Circulating tumor cell clusters- clumps of from two to 50 tumor cells that break off a primary tumor and are carried through the bloodstream- appear to be much more likely to cause metastasis than are single CTCs, according to a new study.    

U.S. to Begin Safety Testing Ebola Vaccine

August 28, 2014 9:23 am | by Seth Borenstein - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Federal researchers next week will start testing humans with an experimental vaccine to prevent the deadly Ebola virus. The NIH announced today that it is launching the safety trial on a vaccine developed by the agency's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and GSK.

Scientists Plug Into a Learning Brain

August 28, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Learning is easier when it only requires nerve cells to rearrange existing patterns of activity than when the nerve cells have to generate new patterns, a study of monkeys has found.                   

Attacking a Rare Disease at its Source with Gene Therapy

August 28, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Using an animal model, a research team has proven the efficacy of a more elegant way to treat the rare disease MPS I through direct gene transfer.                              

Memories' Emotional Associations Can be Reversed

August 28, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

A new study revealed the brain circuit that controls how memories become linked with positive or negative emotions, and researchers found that they could reverse the emotional association of specific memories by manipulating brain cells with optogenetics.

Scientists Link Alcohol-dependence Gene to Neurotransmitter

August 28, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Scientists have solved the mystery of why a specific signaling pathway can be associated with alcohol dependence. This signaling pathway is regulated by a gene, called neurofibromatosis type 1 (Nf1), which is linked with excessive drinking in mice.

Study Shows How Movement Affects Hearing

August 28, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

A new study combines cutting-edge methods in electrophysiology, optogenetics and behavioral analysis to reveal exactly how the motor cortex, seemingly in anticipation of movement, can tweak the volume control in the auditory cortex.     

Estrogen-based Compound Suppresses Binge Eating

August 27, 2014 1:00 pm | News | Comments

Researchers found that the hormone estrogen can specifically trigger brain serotonin neurons to inhibit binge eating, which affects about 5 to 10 percent of U.S. adults, in female mice.                 

Tomato-rich Diet Can Cut Prostate Cancer Risk

August 27, 2014 12:47 pm | News | Comments

Men who eat over 10 portions a week of tomatoes have an 18 per cent lower risk of developing prostate cancer, new research suggests. This is the first study of its kind to develop a prostate cancer "dietary index."         

Study Questions Long-held Depression Belief

August 27, 2014 12:40 pm | News | Comments

New evidence puts into doubt the long-standing belief that a deficiency in serotonin— a chemical messenger in the brain— plays a central role in depression.                            

BST This Week #11: Obesity Linked to Heightened Dementia Risk

August 27, 2014 11:29 am | Videos | Comments

On this episode of Bioscience Technology This Week, Christina Jakubowski highlights the link between mid-life obesity and an increased dementia risk later in life. Our second story focuses on researchers who are sequencing salamander genomes.   

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