A protein engineered by combining proteins active in HIV and Moloney murine leukemia virus (MLV) replication may lead to safer, more effective retroviral gene therapy.
The American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology have issued the first new guidelines in a decade for preventing heart attacks and strokes. Among other things, they call for twice as many Americans to consider taking cholesterol-lowering statin drugs.
A new study has shown that high concentrations of tungsten– as measured in urine samples– is strongly linked with an increase in the occurrence of stroke, roughly equal to a doubling of the odds of experiencing the condition.
A specialized type of brain cell that tamps down stem cell activity ironically, perhaps, encourages the survival of the stem cells' progeny, researchers report.
New research using tissue from the Parkinson's UK Brain Bank suggests that a protein called alpha-synuclein causes the spread of nerve cell death in multiple system atrophy (MSA), a Parkinson's-like condition.
Researchers studying how cancer spreads into bone have made a surprising discovery that suggests several investigational anti-cancer therapies just entering the drug-development pipeline may not have the desired effect.
Engineers and cardiology experts have teamed up to develop a fingernail-sized biosensor that could alert doctors when serious brain injury occurs during heart surgery.
U.S. experts are raising the alarm over the spread of drug-resistant malaria in several Southeast Asian countries, endangering major global gains in fighting the mosquito-borne disease that kills more than 600,000 people annually.
For the first time, scientists have used new technology which analyses the whole genome to find the cause of a genetic disease in what was previously referred to as “junk DNA.”
Scientists recently presented research showing what happens in the brain during sleep to lock in learning of a visually oriented “Where’s Waldo”-like task.
A team of scientists have identified a novel therapeutic approach for the most frequent genetic cause of ALS, a disorder of the regions of the brain and spinal cord that control voluntary muscle movement, and frontotemporal degeneration, the second most frequent dementia.
As little as 20 minutes of moderate exercise three times per week during pregnancy enhances the newborn child's brain development, according to new research.
Our brains make contextual decisions in an instant; the mystery is how. In a new study, a team of neuroscientists and engineers delve into this decision-making process and report some findings that confound the conventional scientific wisdom.
In the first in-depth analysis of DNA methylation in fat, a process that affects the regulation of genes, researchers have linked regions of methylation to metabolic traits such as high body mass index (BMI) and obesity.
More than 90 tons of ready-to-eat salads and sandwiches by a California catering company are being recalled after 26 people in three states were sickened by a bacterial strain of E. coli linked to its products.
Oman says officials are widening health checks following the country's first death blamed on a SARS-like virus that has been centered in neighboring Saudi Arabia.
Bone marrow produces new blood cells and helps the lymphatic system work properly. But it may also turn out to be a progressively hostile microenvironment that induces vascular dysfunction and ossification, or hardening, of blood vessels.
Researchers have launched an early-stage clinical trial of an investigational vaccine designed to prevent genital herpes disease.
The pain caused by a surgical incision may contribute to the risk of postoperative cognitive dysfunction, a sometimes transient impairment in learning and memory that affects a small but significant number of patients in the days following a surgical procedure.
For animal species that cannot be distinguished using their external characteristics, genetic techniques such as DNA barcoding can help to identify cryptic species. Now, an international team of researchers has demonstrated how a bacterial infection can mimic cryptic speciation in butterflies.
There was an audible gasp at the New York Stem Cell Foundation (NYSCF) conference recently when neurosurgeon Ivar Mendez showed a video of a Parkinson’s patient before and after a transplant of a fetal stem-cell like graft. The patient was affectless, and could barely move before the graft. Eight years later, he was animated and moving briskly.
People who speak more than one language and who develop dementia tend to do so up to five years later than those who are monolingual, according to a study.
A growing body of evidence suggests that the brain plays a key role in glucose regulation and the development of type 2 diabetes, according to a new study.
Eye contact during early infancy may be a key to early identification of autism, according to a new study, which revealed the earliest sign of developing autism ever observed- a steady decline in attention to others’ eyes within the first two to six months of life.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced its preliminary determination that partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs), the primary dietary source of artificial trans fat in processed foods, are not “generally recognized as safe” for use in food.