A research team has identified an immune cell protein that is critical to setting off the body’s initial response against viral infection.
Recent studies have linked hundreds of gene mutations scattered throughout the brain to increased autism risk. Where do you start? Neuroscientists may finally have an answer.
A single overactive enzyme worsens the two core defects of diabetes—impaired insulin sensitivity and overproduction of glucose—suggesting that a drug targeting the enzyme could help correct both at once, according to new mouse studies.
Scientists have now discovered an important cause as to why nerve precursor cells do not migrate as hoped after being implanted in the brains of patients with neurological diseases.
Using Drosophila melanogaster, researchers discovered that during multiple cell migrations a single cell can act as leader, dragging the others with it.
The ability to understand written or spoken language, called “discourse comprehension,” is a hallmark of the human mind and central to everyday social life. In a new study, researchers uncovered the brain mechanisms that underlie discourse comprehension.
A new nanotechnology-based technique for regulating blood sugar in diabetics may give patients the ability to release insulin painlessly using a small ultrasound device, allowing them to go days between injections.
Researchers have shown that the rare brain disease known as Alexander disease, which destroys white matter in the front of the brain, also affects neurons, and in a way that impacts several measures of learning and memory.
The protein in cells that most often drives the development of cancers has eluded scientists’ efforts to block it for three decades– until now.
After a mild concussion, special brain scans show evidence of brain abnormalities four months later, when symptoms from the concussion have mostly dissipated, according to new research.
After more than four years of investigation, researchers have discovered a promising treatment for osteoporosis, which is easily delivered in water soluble form.
Help yourself to some nuts this holiday season: Regular nut eaters were less likely to die of cancer or heart disease — in fact, were less likely to die of any cause — during a 30-year Harvard study.
Researchers are investigating the complex relationships between the spread of the HIV virus in a population and the actual evolution of the virus within each patient’s body using a new modeling approach that distinguishes between susceptible and infected individuals, capturing the full infection history.
The deadliest brain cancer requires grueling treatment with bleak prospects for survival. Now, researchers have discovered a key component to how these aggressive tumors grow that could lead to better solutions.
People with autism are more likely to also have synesthesia, suggests new research. Synesthesia involves people experiencing a "mixing of the senses," for example, seeing colors when they hear sounds, or reporting that musical notes evoke different tastes.
The caffeine in a cup of coffee might help your small blood vessels work better, according to a new study showing that drinking a cup of caffeinated coffee significantly improved blood flow in participants' fingers.
Insomnia, the most common sleep disorder, affects up to one-third of the population in the United States. In new findings, researchers have found that some insomnia symptoms are associated with an increased risk of mortality in men.
Today's kids can't keep up with their parents. An analysis of studies on millions of children around the world finds they don't run as fast or as far as their parents did when they were young.
A new blood biomarker correctly predicted which concussion victims went on to have white matter tract structural damage and persistent cognitive dysfunction following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).
Men with prostate cancer who ate a low-fat diet and took fish oil supplements had lower levels of pro-inflammatory substances in their blood and a lower cell cycle progression score— a measure used to predict cancer recurrence— than men who ate a typical Western diet, researchers found.
A research team has found that a specific chemical compound, an aldehyde, can activate UCP1, a protein known as UCP1 that enables babies or hibernating animals to keep warm without shivering, under certain conditions, and that could also trigger fat burning.
New research has found that women who have taken oral contraceptives for three or more years are twice as likely to suffer from glaucoma, one of the leading causes of blindness which affects nearly 60 million worldwide.
Researchers have now solved the structure of a key protein in the Nipah virus, which could pave the way for the development of a much-needed antiviral drug.
A world-first clinical trial being conducted in Western Australia is exploring whether testosterone and fish oil may prove to be the key in preventing or postponing Alzheimer’s disease.
Scientists have discovered that the presence of a specific protein can distinguish between prostate cancers that are aggressive and need further treatment from those that may never seriously harm the patient.