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Dreams and REM Sleep May Be About Memory Consolidation

April 13, 2015 8:39 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep, during which vivid dreaming occurs, may be a period in which memory is consolidated, according to research in Science Advances.

Lower Survival Rates Connected With High-risk Melanoma With Mutations, Study Finds

April 10, 2015 9:57 am | by UNC | News | Comments

A UNC Lineberger-led study found that people with higher-risk melanoma containing either BRAF or NRAS gene mutations had lower survival rates.

California Saw Record Number of West Nile Deaths in 2014

April 10, 2015 9:31 am | by Christopher Weber, Associated Press | News | Comments

California saw a record number of deaths from the West Nile virus last year, and the state's drought may have contributed to the spike in infections, according to health officials.

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Genetic Screening Could Improve Breast Cancer Prevention

April 10, 2015 9:26 am | by The Institute of Cancer Research | News | Comments

A test for a wide range of genetic risk factors could improve doctors’ ability to work out which women are at increased risk of developing breast cancer, a major study of more than 65,000 women has shown.

Study Deciphers the Noise in the Human Brain

April 10, 2015 9:16 am | by Bruce Goldman, Stanford University | News | Comments

Electrical recordings directly from the human brain show remarkable precision in the coordination of widely distributed regions involved in memory recall, at rest and during sleep.

Biologists Identify Brain Tumor Weakness

April 9, 2015 10:01 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

Discovery could offer a new target for treatment of glioblastoma.

Researchers Discover Novel Mechanism Controlling Lung Cancer Stem Cell Growth

April 8, 2015 10:36 am | by H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute | News | Comments

Moffitt Cancer Center researchers discovered a novel mechanism that plays an important role in the maintenance of lung cancer stem cells. This finding may lead to new potential therapeutic targets.

Study Links Rates of ADHD to Altitude

April 8, 2015 10:24 am | by University of Utah | News | Comments

Recent research has linked the thin air of higher elevations to increased rates of depression and suicide. But a new study shows there’s also good news from up in the aspens and pines: The prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) decreases substantially as altitude increases.

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Cellular Defect Linked to Diabetes

April 8, 2015 10:13 am | by Columbia University | News | Comments

Leaky calcium channels in pancreatic beta cells can lead to high blood sugar.

Functional Brain Organization of Newborns Altered By Prenatal Cocaine Exposure

April 8, 2015 9:54 am | by UNC | News | Comments

A new study of newborns with prenatal drug exposure finds cocaine-specific disruptions in a part of the brain circuitry thought to play an important role in arousal regulation.

The First Personalized Genomic Cancer Vaccines

April 8, 2015 9:10 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

The first personalized cancer vaccine using genomics to define targets elicits robust immune responses, says a recent Science study.

Study Reveals Internet-like Networks in Cerebral Cortex of Rats

April 7, 2015 10:29 am | by Robert Perkins, University of Southern California | News | Comments

A four-decade analysis of brain studies generates new insight, perhaps changing the way scientists view its architecture.

Broken Cellular Communication in Brain Contributes to Huntington's Disease Symptoms, Study Finds

April 7, 2015 10:10 am | by Indiana University | News | Comments

Indiana University researchers have found that broken communication in a specific part of the brain plays a role in the involuntary physical movements that affect individuals with Huntington's disease.

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Brain's 'Lowly' Visual Processor Is More Sophisticated Than Once Thought

April 7, 2015 9:30 am | by Johns Hopkins | News | Comments

Primary visual cortex can inform decision-making

Using Sound Waves to Detect Rare Cancer Cells

April 7, 2015 9:08 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

Acoustic device can rapidly isolate circulating tumor cells from patient blood samples.

Cancer Genes Turned Off in Deadly Brain Cancer

April 6, 2015 2:30 pm | by Marla Paul, Northwestern University | News | Comments

New therapy approach goes directly to the source of cancer development.

Indiana Begins Needle Exchange in County With HIV Outbreak

April 6, 2015 2:16 pm | by Associated Press | News | Comments

Health officials in Indiana on Saturday began a needle-exchange program Saturday in a county where an HIV outbreak among intravenous drug users has grown to nearly 90 cases.

New Genetic Clues Emerge on Origin of Hirschsprung's Disease

April 6, 2015 2:12 pm | by Johns Hopkins | News | Comments

Genetic studies in humans, zebrafish and mice have revealed how two different types of genetic variations team up to cause a rare condition called Hirschsprung’s disease.

Research Links HIV to Age-accelerating Cellular Changes

April 6, 2015 12:33 pm | by Enrique Rivero, UCLA | News | Comments

Study suggests adults infected with HIV can develop age-related diseases a decade earlier than their uninfected peers.

From the Heart

April 6, 2015 11:34 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

Laurie Boyer’s studies of stem cell differentiation could improve treatments for heart disease.

Imported Drug-resistant Stomach Bug Spreading in US

April 2, 2015 2:53 pm | by Mike Stobbe, AP Medical Writer | News | Comments

A drug-resistant strain of a nasty stomach bug made its way into the U.S. and spread, causing more than 200 illnesses since last May, health officials said Thursday.

Diagnosis By Keyboard

April 2, 2015 9:42 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

By revealing loss of motor skills, typing patterns may help to identify early onset of Parkinson’s.

Experimental Cancer Drug Restores Memory in Mouse Model of Alzheimer’s

April 1, 2015 11:07 am | by Bill Hathaway, Yale University | News | Comments

Memory and as well as connections between brain cells were restored in mice with a model of Alzheimer’s given an experimental cancer drug.

Researchers Identify “Beige” Fat-Burning Cells in Humans

April 1, 2015 10:57 am | by Steve Tokar, UC San Francisco | News | Comments

For the first time, a research team, led by a UC San Francisco biologist, has isolated energy-burning “beige” fat from adult humans, which is known to be able to convert unhealthy white fat into healthy brown fat. The scientists also found new genetic markers of this beige fat.

To Statin or Not to Statin?

April 1, 2015 10:11 am | by Johns Hopkins | News | Comments

Johns Hopkins report offers physicians tips to help patients make the right call.

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