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Explaining More About Airway Closure During Asthma Attacks

October 16, 2014 2:28 pm | News | Comments

In acute asthma, various triggers, including viral illnesses and aeroallergens, can cause acute narrowing of the airways leading to a life-threatening respiratory crisis and sometimes death. Researchers have identified a novel factor that puts the brakes on airway smooth-muscle contraction relevant to asthma.

Brain’s Compass Relies on Geometric Relationships

October 16, 2014 2:24 pm | Videos | Comments

The brain has a complex system for keeping track of which direction you are facing as you move about; remembering how to get from one place to another would otherwise be impossible. Researchers have now shown how the brain anchors this mental compass.

Ebola Comes to Last Safe District in Sierra Leone

October 16, 2014 12:26 pm | by Clarence Roy-macaulay - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

The deadly Ebola virus has infected two people in what was the last untouched district in Sierra Leone, the government said Thursday, a setback in efforts to stop the spread of the disease in one of the hardest-hit countries.       

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Embryonic Stem Cells in Trial for Diabetes

October 16, 2014 11:44 am | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

As San Diego’s ViaCyte was in the midst of launching the first FDA-approved embryonic stem (ES) cell clinical trial for diabetics last week, Boston’s Harvard University reported that cells made from ES cells “cured” diabetic mice.     

Existing Protocols Might Not be Enough for Ebola

October 16, 2014 10:27 am | by Martha Mendoza - AP National Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

As Thomas Eric Duncan's health deteriorated, nurses Amber Joy Vinson and Nina Pham were at the Ebola patient's side. They wore protective gear as they inserted catheters, drew blood and dealt with his body fluids. Still, the two somehow contracted Ebola from the dying man.

Nurses in Safety Gear Got Ebola, Why Wouldn't You?

October 16, 2014 10:26 am | by Connie Cass - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

How come nurses wearing protective gear can catch Ebola from a patient, but health officials keep saying you almost certainly won't get it from someone sitting next to you on a plane?                    

Copper May Be Prostate Cancer’s Fatal Flaw

October 15, 2014 3:13 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have found a way to kill prostate cancer cells by delivering a trove of copper along with a drug that selectively destroys the diseased cells brimming with the mineral, leaving non-cancer cells healthy.           

Effects of High-risk Parkinson’s Mutation Are Reversible

October 15, 2014 3:08 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have found vital new evidence on how to target and reverse the effects caused by one of the most common genetic causes of Parkinson’s.                             

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Early Detection Window When Pancreatic Cancer is in the Family

October 15, 2014 2:59 pm | News | Comments

Pancreatic cancer likely takes between 10 and 20 years to develop, providing the potential for a very “broad window” of intervention if detected early, which may be possible for people who inherit a predisposition, say researchers.     

New Test Bumps Up Enterovirus Diagnoses

October 15, 2014 1:24 pm | by Mike Stobbe - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

For more than two months, health officials have been struggling to understand the size of a national wave of severe respiratory illnesses caused by an unusual virus. This week, they expect the wave to start looking a whole lot bigger.     

Q&A: How Plasma Transfusions, Antibodies Fight Ebola

October 15, 2014 1:19 pm | by Marilynn Marchione - AP Chief Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

A Dallas nurse being treated for Ebola has received a plasma transfusion from a doctor who beat his own infection with the deadly virus after getting a similar treatment. The reason: Antibodies in the blood of a survivor may help a patient fight off the germ.

2nd Dallas Nurse Tests Positive for Ebola

October 15, 2014 12:58 pm | by Emily Schmall and Nomaan Merchant - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

The second health care worker diagnosed with Ebola in Texas is a 29-year-old nurse who treated the Liberian man who died of the disease in a Dallas hospital.                           

Reversing Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

October 14, 2014 2:42 pm | by Cynthia Fox, Science Writer | Articles | Comments

Lethal fibrosis in lungs of mice with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) can be reversed, say researchers. No drug on the market can do this. But the crew pulled it off, in mice, by temporarily restoring (a mimic of) one of the body’s own anti-fibrosis agents, sharply reduced in IPF: microRNA-29.

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Ebola Death Rate Rises to 70%

October 14, 2014 1:03 pm | by Maria Cheng - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

West Africa could face up to 10,000 new Ebola cases a week within two months, the World Health Organization warned Tuesday, adding that the death rate in the current outbreak has risen to 70 percent.               

Exercise Can Improve Memory in People Over 60

October 14, 2014 12:53 pm | News | Comments

A new study shows that physical activity can improve memory performance in older people through increasing volume and blood flow in an area of the brain called hippocampus.                       

Damage to Brain ‘Hubs’ Causes Extensive Impairment

October 14, 2014 12:41 pm | News | Comments

Injuries to six brain areas are much more devastating to patients’ abilities to think and adapt to everyday challenges than damage to other parts of the brain, scientists have learned.                    

ALS Progression Linked to Increased Protein Instability

October 14, 2014 12:28 pm | News | Comments

A new study suggests a cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. The study provides evidence that those proteins linked to more severe forms of the disease are less stable structurally and more prone to form clusters or aggregates.

Stress May be Harder on Women’s Hearts than Men’s

October 14, 2014 12:20 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have known for decades that stress contributes to heart disease. But a new analysis shows mental stress may tax women’s hearts more than men’s.                           

Cellular 'Snooze Button' Advances Cancer, Biofuel Research

October 14, 2014 11:48 am | News | Comments

The discovery of a cellular snooze button has allowed a team of scientists to potentially improve biofuel production and offer insight on the early stages of cancer.                         

Chemical from Broccoli Sprouts Promising Against Autism

October 14, 2014 11:41 am | News | Comments

Results of a small clinical trial suggest that a chemical derived from broccoli sprouts— and best known for claims that it can help prevent certain cancers— may ease classic behavioral symptoms in those with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs).   

Bacterial Defense Policies

October 13, 2014 2:14 pm | News | Comments

A research team has used high-resolution cryo-electron microscopy to obtain novel insights into the ultrastructural changes in an intracellular machine associated with the acquisition of resistance to the antibiotic erythromycin.      

Gene Links Rare Infections with Predisposition to Autoimmune Disease

October 13, 2014 1:47 pm | News | Comments

Scientists discovered an immune protein with paradoxical roles: It both aids and tamps down aspects of an immune system response, according to new research.                           

What Happens to Your Brain When Your Mind is at Rest?

October 13, 2014 1:34 pm | News | Comments

For many years, the focus of brain mapping was to examine changes in the brain that occur when people are attentively engaged in an activity. No one spent much time thinking about what happens to the brain when people are doing very little. But new research has done just that.

Scientists Sniff Out Unexpected Role for Stem Cells in the Brain

October 13, 2014 1:09 pm | Videos | Comments

Scientists report that newly formed brain cells in the mouse olfactory system— the area that processes smells— play a critical role in maintaining proper connections.                        

Sensors to Simplify Diabetes Management

October 13, 2014 12:50 pm | News | Comments

For many patients diagnosed with diabetes, treating the disease can mean a burdensome and uncomfortable lifelong routine of monitoring blood sugar levels and injecting the insulin that their bodies don't naturally produce. Now, tiny biosensors are being developed that could one day eliminate the need for these manual blood sugar tests.

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