A research team at UC San Francisco has discovered an RNA molecule called Pnky that can be manipulated to increase the production of neurons from neural stem cells.
A new study by UC Berkeley and UC San Francisco researchers finds that giving a drug that changes the neurochemical balance in the prefrontal cortex of the brain causes a greater willingness to engage in prosocial behaviors, such as ensuring that resources are divided more equally.
More than half of the undergraduates at the University of Oregon have not been vaccinated against meningitis, despite the fact that one student has died and five others have been sickened since January.
New research is changing long-held ideas of how our minds age, painting a richer picture of different cognitive skills peaking across a lifetime, with at least one — vocabulary — peaking at a time when many are considering retirement.
A Harvard University and Waterloo University team has found that a common breast cancer chemotherapy (chemo) can create stem-like cancer cells out of more differentiated tumor cells.
Researchers have developed a new scoring system to help determine which elderly people may be at a higher risk of developing the memory and thinking problems that can lead to dementia, according to a new study published in the March 18, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Highly sensitive genomic analysis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells reveals for the first time how the malignant cells evolve to cause relapse.
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have successfully created ‘mini-lungs’ using stem cells derived from skin cells of patients with cystic fibrosis, and have shown that these can be used to test potential new drugs for this debilitating lung disease.
Could a changing climate and changing environments have an impact on the spread of infectious diseases? At least one zoologist thinks so.
A University of Wyoming faculty member is part of a research team that created a method, using laser, to better decode complex neural circuits in the brain -- a process that eventually may help unlock the mysteries of epilepsy, autism spectrum disorder and Alzheimer’s in humans.
Sierra Leone is planning another three-day, countrywide shutdown later this month to ferret out Ebola cases, remind people how to protect themselves from the disease and control its transmission.
Obese women have around a 40 percent greater risk of developing a weight-related cancer in their lifetime than women of a healthy weight, according to new figures* released by Cancer Research UK Tuesday.
Findings may relate to anesthetic neurotoxicity in children and could lead to more targeted and safer concentration levels.
Intentionally recalling memories may lead us to forget other competing experiences that interfere with retrieval, according to a study published today. In other words, the very act of remembering may be one of the major reasons why we forget.
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have successfully tested a potent synthetic compound that prevents type 1 diabetes in animal models of the disease.
When viruses such as influenza and Ebola jump from one species to another, their ability to cause harm can change dramatically, but research from the University of Cambridge shows that it may be possible to predict the virus’s virulence by looking at how deadly it is in closely-related species.
The human gut is a remarkable thing. Every week the intestines regenerate a new lining, sloughing off the equivalent surface area of a studio apartment and refurbishing it with new cells. This year researchers figured out a way to isolate and grow thousands of these elusive cells in the laboratory at one time.
Mental training exercises developed at the Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have been shown to help mitigate the effects of "chemo brain"
The largest genetic study of tuberculosis (TB) susceptibility to date has led to a potentially important new insight into how the pathogen manages to evade the immune system.
Scientists at The University of Manchester have made an important new discovery about the brain’s immune system that could lead to potential new treatments for stroke and other related conditions.
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have confirmed the ribosome assembly process as a potentially fertile new target for anti-cancer drugs by detailing the essential function of a key component in the assembly process.
After a chance observation in the lab, researchers found a method that can force dangerous leukemia cells in the lab to mature into harmless immune cells called macrophages.
Many recent meta-studies find hormone replacement therapy lengthens life after all. This may be leading to a comeback for the once hugely popular menopause treatment.
First steps toward precision medicine for a deadly disease.
New York University researchers have devised a computer model to explain how a neural circuit learns to classify sensory stimuli into discrete categories, such as “car vs. motorcycle.” Their findings, which appear in the journal Nature Communication, shed new light on the brain processes underpinning judgments we make on a daily basis.