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The Lead

Skin Patch May Replace Syringe for Disease Diagnosis

October 22, 2014 1:46 pm | News | Comments

Drawing blood and testing it is standard practice for many medical diagnostics. As a less painful alternative, scientists are developing skin patches that could one day replace the syringe.                  

New Test Bumps Up Enterovirus Diagnoses

October 15, 2014 1:24 pm | by Mike Stobbe - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

For more than two months, health officials have been struggling to understand the size of...

RNA Molecules in Urine and Tissue Can Detect Prostate Cancer

October 9, 2014 1:40 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have identified a set of RNA molecules that are detectable in tissue samples...

MRI Detects Cognitive Decline Before Symptoms Appear

October 8, 2014 11:40 am | News | Comments

A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique can detect signs of cognitive decline in the...

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New Visualization Software Uncovers Cancer Subtypes

October 3, 2014 1:42 pm | News | Comments

Much of biomedical research these days is about big data—collecting and analyzing vast, detailed repositories of information about health and disease. These data sets can be treasure troves for investigators, often uncovering genetic mutations that drive a particular kind of cancer, for example.

Biologists Find an Early Sign of Pancreatic Cancer

September 29, 2014 12:39 pm | News | Comments

Years before they show any other signs of disease, pancreatic cancer patients have very high levels of certain amino acids in their bloodstream, according to a new study.                        

Simple Blood Test a Possible Tool for Early Cancer Diagnosis

September 26, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

High levels of calcium in blood, a condition known as hypercalcemia, can be used by GPs as an early indication of certain types of cancer, according to a new study.                          

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Think You Have Alzheimer's? You May Be Right

September 25, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

New research suggests that people who notice their memory is slipping may be on to something. The research appears to confirm that self-reported memory complaints are strong predictors of clinical memory impairment later in life.      

Blood Test May Help Determine Psychosis Risk

September 22, 2014 11:56 am | News | Comments

A new study reports preliminary results showing that a blood test, when used in psychiatric patients experiencing symptoms that are considered to be indicators of a high risk for psychosis, identifies those who later went on to develop psychosis. 

One-minute Point-of-care Anemia Test Shows Promise

September 17, 2014 12:54 pm | News | Comments

A simple point-of-care testing device for anemia could provide more rapid diagnosis of the common blood disorder and allow inexpensive at-home self-monitoring of persons with chronic forms of the disease.             

UCSF, Google Earth Engine Making Maps to Predict Malaria

September 11, 2014 11:13 am | News | Comments

Researchers are working to create an online platform that health workers around the world can use to predict where malaria is likely to be transmitted using data on Google Earth Engine. Read more...               

‘Electronic Skin’ Could Improve Early Breast Cancer Detection

September 10, 2014 11:27 am | News | Comments

For detecting cancer, manual breast exams seem low-tech compared to other methods such as MRI. But scientists are now developing an “electronic skin” that “feels” and images small lumps that fingers can miss.            

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Research Targets Early Symptoms of Parkinson's

September 4, 2014 1:53 pm | News | Comments

Researchers are investigating markers for potential earlier diagnosis and treatment of Parkinson's disease. The researchers are studying the molecular basis of non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease, rather than the better-known clinical symptoms of impaired movement.

Technique Helps ID Early Alzheimer’s

September 2, 2014 2:18 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a technique to create a highly sensitive surface for measuring the concentration of a peptide that is a biomarker for early stage Alzheimer’s disease.                     

A New Way to Diagnose Malaria

September 2, 2014 2:09 pm | News | Comments

A research team has devised a way to use magnetic resonance relaxometry (MRR), a close cousin of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to detect a parasitic waste product in the blood of Malaria-infected patients.             

DIY Blood Pressure Care Can Beat MDs

August 27, 2014 8:24 am | by Lindsey Tanner - AP Medical Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

"Do-it-yourself" blood pressure measurements and medicine changes work better than usual doctor-office care in some patients, a study of older adults in England found.                        

Crohn's Gene Discovery May Lead to Better Screening

August 26, 2014 1:23 pm | News | Comments

Scientists have identified chemical changes in the DNA of patients with Crohn’s disease that could help to screen people for the disease. These changes can be detected in blood samples, opening the door to a simple test for Crohn’s disease.    

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Eye Implant Monitors Glaucoma

August 25, 2014 12:39 pm | News | Comments

For the 2.2 million Americans battling glaucoma, the main course of action for staving off blindness involves weekly visits to eye specialists who conttol increasing pressure within the eye. Now, a tiny eye implant could enable patients to take more frequent readings from the comfort of home.

Are Three Brain Imaging Techniques Better than One?

August 22, 2014 1:13 pm | News | Comments

To date, almost all studies of autism in children have used a single imaging technique to explore connectivity. None has been able to capture a robust picture of the brain abnormalities associated with autism— until now. Researchers are combining three imaging techniques and harnessing the best of each one.

Laser Device May End Pin Pricks for Diabetics

August 22, 2014 12:12 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have developed a way to use a laser to measure people's blood sugar, and, with more work to shrink the laser system to a portable size, the technique could allow diabetics to check their condition without pricking themselves to draw blood.

Test Reliably Detects Inherited Immune Deficiency

August 21, 2014 10:24 am | News | Comments

A newborn screening test for severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) reliably identifies infants with this life-threatening inherited condition, leading to prompt treatment and high survival rates, according to a new study.        

Autism, SPD Hit Different Brain Areas

August 14, 2014 11:10 am | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

Children with sensory processing disorder (SPD) have decreased white matter brain connections in sensory regions very different from those with autism, say researchers. Their study is the first to compare, and find critical differences in, brain connectivity in autism versus SPD versus controls.

Prostate Cancer Diagnosis Improves with MRI Technology

August 13, 2014 11:03 am | Videos | Comments

Oncologists are melding magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology with a traditional ultrasound prostate exam to create a three-dimensional map of the prostate that allows physicians to view growths that were previously undetectable.      

Nasal Test Accurately Diagnoses Human Prion Disease

August 7, 2014 9:57 am | News | Comments

A nasal brush test can rapidly and accurately diagnose Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), an incurable and ultimately fatal neurodegenerative disorder, according to a new study.                     

Low Vitamin D Ups Dementia Risk, Study Says

August 7, 2014 9:51 am | News | Comments

In the largest study of its kind, researchers suggests that in older people, not getting enough vitamin D may double the risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.                      

Lasers, Nanotubes Help to Look Inside Living Brains

August 6, 2014 12:40 pm | News | Comments

A team of scientists has developed an entirely non-invasive technique that provides a view of blood flow in the brain. The tool could provide powerful insights into strokes and possibly Alzheimer's disease.             

FDA to Start Regulating Lab-developed Tests

July 31, 2014 12:24 pm | by Matthew Perron - AP Health Writer - The Associated Press | News | Comments

The Food and Drug Administration says it will begin regulating laboratory-developed tests, a growing class of medical diagnostics that have never before been subject to federal oversight.                  

Breaking News: Blood Test Could Predict Suicide Risk

July 30, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Researchers say they have discovered a chemical alteration in a single human gene linked to stress reactions that could give doctors a simple blood test to reliably predict a person’s risk of attempting suicide.            

Mapping Finds New Schizophrenia-linked Genes

July 23, 2014 8:30 am | by Seth Borenstein - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | News | Comments

Scientists have linked more than 100 spots in our DNA to the risk of developing schizophrenia, casting light on the mystery of what makes the disease tick. Such work could eventually point to new treatments, although they are many years away.   

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