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Previously Unknown Effect of Vitamin A Identified

February 24, 2015 12:42 pm | by Lund University | News | Comments

Researchers have identified a previously unknown effect of vitamin A in human embryonic development.                           

Nano-Spies Force Tumors to Reveal Themselves

February 24, 2015 9:57 am | by Bruce Goldman, Stanford University | News | Comments

Investigators administered a customized genetic construct consisting of tiny rings of DNA, called DNA minicircles, to mice.                       

Study Shows Destroying Material That Cloaks Cancer Cells Could Benefit Patients

February 24, 2015 9:31 am | by Translational Genomics Research Institute | News | Comments

Like a stealth jet cloaks itself from radar, cancer cells cloak themselves within tumors by hiding behind a dense layer of cellular material known as stroma.                 

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Camel, Alpaca Antibodies Target Anticancer Viruses Directly to Tumors

February 19, 2015 11:49 am | by Julia Evangelou Strait, WUSTL | News | Comments

Using antibodies from camels and alpacas, scientists have found a way to deliver anticancer viruses directly to tumor cells, leaving other types of cells uninfected.                

Keeping Atherosclerosis in Check with Novel Targeted Nanomedicines

February 19, 2015 11:42 am | by Columbia University | News | Comments

Nanometer-sized “drones” that deliver a special type of healing molecule to fat deposits in arteries could become a new way to prevent heart attacks caused by atherosclerosis.              

New Nanogel for Drug Delivery

February 19, 2015 11:31 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

Scientists are interested in using gels to deliver drugs because they can be molded into specific shapes and designed to release their payload over a specified time period. However, current versions aren’t always practical because must be implanted surgically.

Two Cell-Signaling Molecules Found to Suppress the Spread of Melanoma

February 17, 2015 10:21 am | by NYU Langone | News | Comments

Findings advance efforts to identify who would benefit from more aggressive therapy at earliest stages.                          

Taking Technology from the Lab to the Patient

February 17, 2015 10:06 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

A MIT researcher wants to bring advances in drug delivery and biomaterials to the clinic.                            

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Study Ties More Deaths, Types of Disease, to Smoking

February 12, 2015 2:06 pm | by Marilynn Marchione, Associated Press | News | Comments

Breast cancer, prostate cancer, and even routine infections. A new report ties these and other maladies to smoking and said an additional 60,000 to 120,000 deaths each year in the United States are probably due to tobacco use.      

Sequence of Genetic Mutations Determines How Cancer Behaves

February 12, 2015 10:15 am | News | Comments

Most of the genetic mutations that cause cancer result from environmental ‘damage’ (for example, through smoking or as a result of over-exposure to sunlight) or from spontaneous errors as cells divide. 

Plant Extract Fights Brain Tumor

February 10, 2015 5:06 pm | by Max Planck Society | News | Comments

Silibinin has an outstanding safety profile in humans and is currently used for the treatment of liver disease and poisoning.                                                     

Screening Tool Could Speed Ovarian Cancer Drug Development

February 10, 2015 4:56 pm | by University of Chicago | News | Comments

University of Chicago Medicine researchers have built a model system that uses multiple cell types from patients to rapidly test compounds that could block the early steps in ovarian cancer metastasis. Their three-dimensional cell-culture system, adapted for high-throughput screening, has enabled them to identify small molecules that can inhibit adhesion and invasion, preventing ovarian cancers from spreading to nearby tissues.

90 Percent Approve of Cancer Screening But Uptake is Lower

February 10, 2015 4:35 pm | by Cancer Research UK | News | Comments

The researchers, from Cancer Research UK's Health Behaviour Research Centre at University College London (UCL), interviewed almost 1,900 people aged 50-80 years old about their views on cancer screening.                   

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Startup Uses Google Glass to Improve Patient-Physician Relationship

February 10, 2015 9:28 am | by Tracie White, Stanford Medical School | News | Comments

Firsthand experience working in hospitals and clinics helped inspire third-year Stanford medical student Pelu Tran to explore a potential career path in the world of high-tech startups.             

Tackling Cancer With a New Paradigm

February 5, 2015 2:33 pm | by Yale | News | Comments

In the 1980s, immunotherapy researcher Lieping Chen, M.D., Ph.D., embraced the career goal of curing one cancer. That lofty-seeming goal is beginning to look more modest today. Recent clinical trials have shown that one cancer after another is vulnerable to immune modulation therapy, a cancer-fighting strategy Chen pioneered that for years was considered marginal.

Nanoparticle Gene Therapy Treats Brain Cancer in Rats

February 4, 2015 10:01 am | by Johns Hopkins | News | Comments

Despite improvements in the past few decades with surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, a predictably curative treatment for glioma does not yet exist. New insights into specific gene mutations that arise in this often deadly form of brain cancer have pointed to the potential of gene therapy, but it’s very difficult to effectively deliver toxic or missing genes to cancer cells in the brain.

Uncovering Genetic Trigger for Immune Response

February 3, 2015 1:06 pm | by Yale University | News | Comments

The thousands of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) molecules present in each cell are known primarily for their role converting food and oxygen into energy. But Yale researchers have identified an unexpected relationship between mtDNA and the innate immune response.

President Obama Reveals Details About Precision Medicine Project

February 1, 2015 6:45 pm | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Videos | Comments

President Obama held a press conference revealing new details surrounding the Precision Medicine initiative he announced during the State of The Union.                               

Inside Google's Secretive Life Sciences Lab

January 29, 2015 4:11 pm | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Videos | Comments

This is the first official look at the life sciences division of Google X.                               

New Method for Identifying Most Aggressive Childhood Cancers

January 28, 2015 3:14 pm | by Lund University | News | Comments

A group of researchers has found a new way to identify the most malignant tumors in children.                            

Improving on Pancreatitis Treatment

January 28, 2015 2:52 pm | by Sharon Tregaskis, Columbia University | News | Comments

For people with pancreatitis, a noncancerous inflammation of the tiny ducts in the 6-inch organ, the discomfort can be devastating.                      

Researchers Design Tailored Tissue Adhesives

January 28, 2015 2:47 pm | by Anne Trafton, MIT | News | Comments

After undergoing surgery to remove diseased sections of the colon, up to 30 percent of patients experience leakage from their sutures, which can cause life-threatening complications.             

Biology, Driven by Data

January 28, 2015 10:00 am | by MIT | News | Comments

Cells are incredibly complicated machines with thousands of interacting parts — and disruptions to any of those interactions can cause disease.                                     

A New Way to Test Brain Tumor Drugs

January 22, 2015 3:52 pm | by Marilynn Marchione - AP Chief Medical Writer | News | Comments

An Arizona hospital is testing medicines very early in development and never tried on brain tumors before.                         

Vitamin D Protects Against Colorectal Cancer

January 16, 2015 2:03 pm | by Dana Farber Cancer Institute | News | Comments

A new study demonstrates that vitamin D can protect some people with colorectal cancer by perking up the immune system’s vigilance against tumor cells.                   

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