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Cellular 'Snooze Button' Advances Cancer, Biofuel Research

October 14, 2014 11:48 am | News | Comments

The discovery of a cellular snooze button has allowed a team of scientists to potentially improve biofuel production and offer insight on the early stages of cancer.                         

New Approach to Boosting Biofuel Production

October 3, 2014 1:49 pm | News | Comments

Yeast are commonly used to transform corn and other plant materials into biofuels such as...

Boeing Partners with South African Airways to Turn New Tobacco Plant into Jet Fuel

August 8, 2014 12:25 pm | News | Comments

Boeing, South African Airways (SAA) and SkyNRG announced they are collaborating to make...

Enhancing Biofuel Yields from Biomass with Novel New Method

August 5, 2014 2:15 pm | News | Comments

A team of researchers, led by Professor Charles E. Wyman, at the University of California,...

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Fossil-fuel-free Process Makes Biodiesel Sustainable

May 22, 2014 2:02 pm | News | Comments

A newly developed fuel-cell concept will allow biodiesel plants to eliminate the creation of hazardous wastes while removing their dependence on fossil fuel from their production process.                  

'Unzipping' Poplars' Biofuel Potential

April 4, 2014 2:47 pm | News | Comments

What began 20 years ago as an innovation to improve paper industry processes and dairy forage digestibility may now open the door to a much more energy- and cost-efficient way to convert biomass into fuel. New research focuses on enhancing poplar trees so they can break down easier and thus improving their viability as a biofuel.

Scientists Discover Bacterial Resistance to Improve Biofuel Production

March 26, 2014 1:59 pm | News | Comments

Resistance is not futile when it comes to a new method to more efficiently convert biomass to biofuels. New research by scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in conjunction with the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) suggests that a type of bacterial resistance may provide more efficient production of biofuels.

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Discovery Could Yield More Efficient Plants for Biofuels

March 18, 2014 2:55 pm | News | Comments

Genetically modifying a key protein complex in plants could lead to improved crops for the production of cellulosic biofuels, a Purdue University study says. Clint Chapple, distinguished professor of biochemistry, and fellow researchers generated a mutant Arabidopsis plant whose cell walls can be converted easily into fermentable sugars but does not display the stunted growth patterns of similar mutants.

Artificial Leaf Jumps Developmental Hurdle

February 19, 2014 1:41 pm | News | Comments

ASU scientists, along with colleagues at Argonne National Laboratory, have reported advances toward perfecting a functional artificial leaf. Designing an artificial leaf that uses solar energy to convert water cheaply and efficiently into hydrogen and oxygen is one of the goals of BISfuel—the Energy Frontier Research Center.

New Technique Makes "Biogasoline" from Plant Waste

February 4, 2014 12:59 pm | News | Comments

Gasoline-like fuels can be made from cellulosic materials such as farm and forestry waste using a new process invented by chemists at the University of California, Davis. The process could open up new markets for plant-based fuels, beyond existing diesel substitutes.

Significant Step Forward in Biofuels Quest

December 23, 2013 11:53 am | News | Comments

Scientists at the University of York have made a significant step in the search to develop effective second generation biofuels. Researchers from the Department of Chemistry at York have discovered a family of enzymes that can degrade hard-to-digest biomass into its constituent sugars.

Scientists Capture 'Redox Moments' in Living Cells

November 26, 2013 11:11 am | News | Comments

Scientists have charted a significant signaling network in a tiny organism that's big in the world of biofuels research.                                     

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Next Generation of Biofuels Still Years Away

November 14, 2013 3:16 am | by JONATHAN FAHEY - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

The first trickle of fuels made from agricultural waste is finally winding its way into the nation's energy supply, after years of broken promises and hype promoting a next-generation fuel source cleaner than oil.           

Crafting a Better Enzyme Cocktail to Turn Plants into Fuel Faster

November 4, 2013 2:30 pm | News | Comments

Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a test that should turbocharge their efforts. The new research is part of a worldwide effort to create fuels from plants that are plentiful and aren't part of the food supply. It's possible to do this today, but the process is costly, laborious and lengthy. 

Contagion Spread Slowed by Restricted Mobility

August 1, 2013 10:52 am | News | Comments

A new study comparing contagion rates in two scenarios— with and without travel restrictions— shows that even moderate measures of mobility restriction would be effective in controlling contagion in densely populated areas with highly interconnected road and transit networks.

Tiny Algae Gives Hope for New Biofuels

July 24, 2013 11:58 am | News | Comments

Newly trialed native algae species provide real hope for the development of commercially viable fuels from algae, scientists have found. The researchers have identified fast-growing and hardy microscopic algae that could prove the key to cheaper and more efficient alternative fuel production. 

Molecular Switch Could Lead to Cheaper Biofuels

July 16, 2013 10:54 am | by Skip Derra | Articles | Comments

One of the biggest tradeoffs in renewable biofuels pertains to the raw materials of the process. The most common renewable raw materials for biofuel production include wood waste and straw. But obtaining the cellulose from these sources is difficult to do because of its complex structure.

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Wood-eating Gribbles Could Show How to Convert Waste to Biofuel

June 26, 2013 1:42 pm | by Skip Derra | Articles | Comments

The gribble, a wood-boring marine isopod long has been considered nothing more than a nautical nuisance. Its specialty is boring its way into the wooden hulls of ships, turning seafaring into an even more perilous undertaking. But new research that shows how the gribble digests wood could hold a key to the production of carbon-neutral fuels from waste.

High-Octane Bacteria Could Ease Pain at the Pump

June 25, 2013 5:15 pm | by Harvard Medical School | News | Comments

New lines of engineered bacteria can tailor-make key precursors of high-octane biofuels that could one day replace gasoline, scientists at the Department of Systems Biology at Harvard Medical School and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University report.

Less is More: Novel Cellulose Structure Requires Fewer Enzymes to Process Biomass to Fuel

June 20, 2013 9:45 am | News | Comments

Improved methods for breaking down cellulose nanofibers are central to cost-effective biofuel production and the subject of new research from Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center. Scientists are investigating the unique properties of crystalline cellulose nanofibers to develop novel chemical pretreatments and designer enzymes for biofuel production from cellulosic—or non-food—plant derived biomass.

Alkaline Spring Creature Linked to Better Biofuels

June 11, 2013 10:27 am | News | Comments

The only truly practical biofuels will be those made from abundant feedstocks like switchgrass, wheat straw and other woody plants, whose cell walls consist of lignocellulose. After pretreatment to remove or reduce the lignin, the sugary remains of cellulose and hemicellulose are fermented by microorganisms to yield the biofuel.

Fuels from Woody Biomass Can Reduce Emissions

May 31, 2013 10:38 am | News | Comments

Two processes that turn woody biomass into transportation fuels have the potential to exceed current Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requirements for renewable fuels, according to new research. The EPA’s standard for emissions from wood-based transportation fuels requires a 60 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared to using fossil fuels.

Turning Up the Heat on Biofuels

May 17, 2013 11:26 am | News | Comments

The production of biofuels from lignocellulosic biomass would benefit on several levels if carried out at temperatures between 65 and 70 degrees Celsius. Researchers with the Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI) have employed a promising technique for improving the ability of enzymes that break cellulose down into fermentable sugars to operate in this temperature range.

Bugs Produce Diesel on Demand

April 25, 2013 10:41 am | News | Comments

It sounds like science fiction but a team from the University of Exeter, with support from Shell, has developed a method to make bacteria produce diesel on demand. While the technology still faces many significant commercialisation challenges, the diesel, produced by special strains of E. coli bacteria, is almost identical to conventional diesel fuel.

DOE Renews Biofuels Funding for Research Partnership

April 5, 2013 3:01 pm | News | Comments

The U.S. Department of Energy has awarded the University of Wisconsin and Michigan State University $125 million to continue their work on advanced biofuels.

‘Bio-batteries’ Use Clean Electricity from Bacteria

March 26, 2013 10:09 am | News | Comments

Scientists have made an important breakthrough in the quest to generate clean electricity from bacteria. Findings show that proteins on the surface of bacteria can produce an electric current by simply touching a mineral surface.

BIO Commends EPA Rule on New Biofuels

February 25, 2013 2:22 pm | by Biotechnology Industry Organization | News | Comments

WASHINGTON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--EPA approved camelina, energy cane, and renewable gasoline as cellulosic and advanced biofuels that can meet the Renewable Fuel Standard volume requirements. Additional pathways await approval.

Termite Digestion Key to Improving Biofuel Production

February 20, 2013 11:27 am | News | Comments

A termite’s own biology with help from microorganisms called protists, are keys to the insect’s digestion of woody material. Scientists studied termite digestion to improve biofuels production and find better ways to control termites.

Microbial Genes Key to Biofuel Production

February 15, 2013 10:15 am | News | Comments

Digesting lignin, a highly stable polymer that accounts for up to a third of biomass, is a limiting step to producing a variety of biofuels. Researchers have figured out the microscopic chemical switch that allows Streptomyces bacteria to get to work, breaking lignin down into its constituent parts.

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