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New Discovery About 3-D Shape Processing in the Brain

September 19, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

While previous studies of the brain suggest that processing of objects and place occur in very different locations, a research team has found that they are closely related.                       

One-minute Point-of-care Anemia Test Shows Promise

September 17, 2014 12:54 pm | News | Comments

A simple point-of-care testing device for anemia could provide more rapid diagnosis of the...

Brain Scans Forecast Early Reading Difficulties

September 16, 2014 2:31 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have used brain scans to predict how young children learn to read, giving...

'Biospleen' is a Blood Cleanser for Sepsis

September 15, 2014 1:21 pm | News | Comments

Things can go downhill fast when a patient has sepsis, a life-threatening condition in...

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Researchers Find Final Pieces to Circadian Clock Puzzle

September 15, 2014 12:59 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have discovered how two genes– Period and Cryptochrome– keep the circadian clocks in all human cells in time and in proper rhythm with the 24-hour day, as well as the seasons.                  

Cells Put Off Protein Production During Times of Stress

September 11, 2014 3:26 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have shown that a stressed cell recognizes the buildup of misfolded proteins and responds by reshuffling its workload, much like a stressed out employee might temporarily move papers from an overflowing inbox into a junk drawer.   

New Defense Mechanism Against Viruses Discovered

September 11, 2014 2:05 pm | News | Comments

Researchers have discovered that a known quality control mechanism in human, animal and plant cells is active against viruses. They think it might represent one of the oldest defense mechanisms against viruses in evolutionary history.      

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Ebola’s Ripple Effects

September 11, 2014 12:04 pm | Videos | Comments

The race to stamp out West Africa’s Ebola epidemic is not just about saving lives. It’s also about stemming an assault on society that could include food shortages and mass migration, morphing from a medical emergency into a broad humanitarian crisis.

Lady Baboons With Guy Pals Live Longer

September 10, 2014 11:19 am | News | Comments

Numerous studies have linked social interaction to improved health and survival in humans, and new research confirms that the same is true for baboons.                             

In Directing Stem Cells, Study Shows Context Matters

September 8, 2014 3:57 pm | News | Comments

Figuring out how blank slate stem cells decide which kind of cell they want to be when they grow up— a muscle cell, a bone cell, a neuron— has been no small task for science. Now, a team of researchers has added a new wrinkle to the cell differentiation equation.

Single Cell Smashes, Rebuilds Its Own Genome

September 8, 2014 3:52 pm | News | Comments

Life can be so intricate and novel that even a single cell can pack a few surprises, according to a new study. The pond-dwelling, single-celled organism Oxytricha trifallax has the remarkable ability to break its own DNA into nearly a quarter-million pieces and rapidly reassemble those pieces when it's time to mate, the study says.

Oxidized LDL Might Actually be 'Good Guy'

September 5, 2014 3:24 pm | News | Comments

A team of investigators has made a thought-provoking discovery about a type of cholesterol previously believed to be a "bad guy" in the development of heart disease and other conditions.                    

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Nature or Nurture? It’s All About the Message

September 5, 2014 1:53 pm | News | Comments

Were Albert Einstein and Leonardo da Vinci born brilliant or did they acquire their intelligence through effort? No one knows for sure, but telling people the latter– that hard work trumps genes– causes instant changes in the brain and may make them more willing to strive for success, indicates a new study.

Messenger Molecules a Part of Arthritis Puzzle

September 4, 2014 2:05 pm | News | Comments

The way in which some cells alter their behavior at the onset of osteoarthritis has been identified for the first time. Researchers found that changes in the rate at which molecules in joint cartilage called mRNA are created and destroyed are fundamental to causing this change in behavior.

A ‘Clear’ Choice for Clearing 3-D Cell Cultures

September 3, 2014 2:36 pm | News | Comments

Scientists have hailed recent demonstrations of chemical technologies for making animal tissues see-through, but a new study is the first to evaluate three such technologies side-by-side for use with engineered 3-D tissue cultures. 

Memory-boosting Sensor Strengthens Synaptic Connections

September 3, 2014 2:02 pm | News | Comments

How does short-term memory happen at the molecular level? New research has identified a calcium sensor that helps strengthen the connections between brain cells.                           

Prominent Japan Stem Cell Center to Undergo Changes

September 2, 2014 3:55 pm | by Cynthia Fox | Articles | Comments

Riken Center for Developmental Biology (CDB), the prominent Japan institute where Haruko Obokata was found to commit misconduct on stem cell papers, will be halved, according to a Riken representative.              

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Surprising New Role for Calcium in Sensing Pain

September 2, 2014 1:54 pm | Videos | Comments

When you accidentally touch a hot oven, you rapidly pull your hand away. Although scientists know the basic neural circuits involved in sensing and responding to such painful stimuli, they are still sorting out the molecular players. Now, researchers have made a surprising discovery about the role of a key molecule involved in pain.

Chefs, Breeders Pair Up to Produce Tastier Veggies

September 1, 2014 4:23 pm | by M.l. Johnson - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

There's a good chance that many of the suddenly trendy vegetables that foodies latch on to in the next decade will benefit from research at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.                     

From Nose to Knee: Engineered Cartilage Regenerates Joints

August 29, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

Researchers report that cells taken from the nasal septum are able to adapt to the environment of the knee joint and can thus repair articular cartilage defects. Read more...                     

Fossil Provides Earliest Evidence of Animals with Muscles

August 28, 2014 8:30 am | News | Comments

An unusual new fossil discovery of one of the earliest animals on earth may also provide the oldest evidence of muscle tissue– the bundles of cells that make movement in animals possible.                  

Technology May ID Strains in Body Tissues Before Injuries Occur

August 27, 2014 1:05 pm | Videos | Comments

Researchers have developed algorithms to identify weak spots in tendons, muscles and bones prone to tearing or breaking. The technology one day may help pinpoint minor strains and tiny injuries in the body’s tissues long before bigger problems occur.

Gut Bacteria Protects Against Food Allergies

August 26, 2014 2:30 pm | News | Comments

The presence of Clostridia, a common class of gut bacteria, protects against food allergies, a new study in mice finds. The discovery points toward probiotic therapies for this so-far untreatable condition.           

Vision Problems Can Dim Life Expectancy

August 26, 2014 2:10 pm | News | Comments

Older adults losing vision as they age are more likely to face an increased mortality risk, according to new research. The researchers analyzed data from the Salisbury Eye Evaluation study that tracked the vision health of 2,520 older adults, ages 65 to 84.

Driving Brain Rhythm Makes Mice More Sensitive to Touch

August 25, 2014 1:46 pm | News | Comments

In a new study, researchers show that they could make faint sensations more vivid by triggering a brain rhythm that appears to shift sensory attention.                             

Brain Size Linked to Parental Duties in Fish

August 20, 2014 12:06 pm | News | Comments

Male stickleback fish that protect their young have bigger brains than counterparts - male white sticklebacks, which do not tend to their offspring - a new study found.                      

Engineering New Bone Growth

August 19, 2014 12:07 pm | News | Comments

Chemical engineers have devised a new implantable tissue scaffold coated with bone growth factors that are released slowly over a few weeks. When applied to bone injuries or defects, the scaffold induces the body to rapidly form new bone that looks and behaves just like the original tissue.

Breakthrough in the Fight Against Drug-resistant Superbugs

August 19, 2014 11:51 am | News | Comments

Scientists have made a breakthrough in the fight against the most resistant hospital superbugs by developing the first innovative antibacterial gel that acts to kill Pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococci and E. coli, using natural proteins.     

Bats Bolster Brain Hypothesis, Maybe Technology, Too

August 15, 2014 11:11 am | News | Comments

Decades of research on how bats use echolocation to keep a focus on their targets not only lends support to a long debated neuroscience hypothesis about vision but, according to researchers at Brown University, also could lead to smarter sonar and radar technologies.

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