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Study Examines Therapeutic Bacteria’s Ability to Prevent Obesity

July 23, 2014 | Comments

A probiotic that prevents obesity could be on the horizon. Bacteria that produce a therapeutic compound in the gut inhibit weight gain, insulin resistance and other adverse effects of a high-fat diet in mice, Vanderbilt University investigators have discovered.

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Try, Try Again? Study Says No

July 23, 2014 11:00 am | Comments

In a new study, a team of researchers has found evidence for a factor that contributes to adults’ language difficulties: When learning certain elements of language, adults’ more highly developed cognitive skills actually get in the way.     

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Researchers ID Mechanism to Clear Diabetes-related Pancreatic Protein

July 23, 2014 10:43 am | Comments

People with Type 2 diabetes have an excess of a protein called islet amyloid polypeptide, or IAPP, and the accumulation of this protein is linked to the loss of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. Now, a team of researchers may have found a solution in autophagy, a process that clears damaged and toxic proteins from cell.

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Mapping Finds New Schizophrenia-linked Genes

July 23, 2014 8:30 am | by Seth Borenstein - AP Science Writer - Associated Press | Comments

Scientists have linked more than 100 spots in our DNA to the risk of developing schizophrenia, casting light on the mystery of what makes the disease tick. Such work could eventually point to new treatments, although they are many years away.   

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Survey finds sharp increase in teen use of HGH

July 23, 2014 1:20 am | by David Crary - AP National Writer - Associated Press | Comments

Experimentation with human growth hormones by America's teens more than doubled in the past year, as more young people looked to drugs to boost their athletic performance and improve their looks, according to a new, large-scale national survey. In a confidential 2013 survey of 3,705 high school...

Study: Many heavy kids think they're normal weight

July 23, 2014 12:20 am | by The Associated Press | Comments

Nearly a third of children in a national survey didn't have an accurate idea of their own weight — most of them heavy or obese children who viewed themselves as normal. These false impressions were more common in black and Mexican-American children than in white kids, the survey found. Some...

Parts of Chinese City Sealed for Bubonic Plague

July 22, 2014 11:20 pm | by The Associated Press | Comments

Parts of a northern Chinese city have been quarantined after state media said a man there died of bubonic plague. The Chinese news agency Xinhua said Tuesday that 151 people were under observation in the city of Yumen in Gansu province after authorities determined they had come in contact with a man who had died of the plague July 16.

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Dangers of desert dust: new diagnostic tool for valley fever

July 22, 2014 7:22 pm | by Arizona State University | Comments

ASU graduate student Krupa Navalkar is the lead author of a new study describing a promising strategy known as immunosignaturing, which can provide clinicians with an accurate identification of valley fever, a potentially serious affliction that is often misdiagnosed. read more

California firm issues nationwide fruit recall

July 22, 2014 3:22 pm | by The Associated Press | Comments

A Central California company is recalling specific lots of its fresh peaches, plums, nectarines and pluots sold nationwide over concerns of possible listeria contamination. Wawona Packing Co. President Brent Smittcamp said in a statement that he is not aware of any illnesses caused by the fruit,...

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Potential New Flu Drugs Target Immune Response, Not Virus

July 22, 2014 2:59 pm | Comments

The seriousness of disease often results from the strength of immune response, rather than with the virus, itself. Turning down that response, rather than attacking the virus, might be a better way to reduce that severity. Researchers have taken the first step in doing that for the H7N9 influenza, and their work has led to identification of six potential therapeutics for this highly virulent strain.

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Viral Therapy Could Boost Limb-saving Cancer Treatment

July 22, 2014 2:52 pm | Comments

Viruses designed to target and kill cancer cells could boost the effectiveness of chemotherapy to the arms and legs and help avoid amputation. Scientists tested the effectiveness of a genetically engineered version of the virus used to vaccinate against smallpox. They found use of the virus alongside isolated limb perfusion chemotherapy was more effective in rats than either treatment on its own.

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Brain Waves Show Learning to Read Doesn’t End in Fourth Grade

July 22, 2014 2:43 pm | Comments

Teachers-in-training have long been taught that the fourth grade is when students stop learning to read and start reading to learn. But a new study tested the theory by analyzing brain waves and found that fourth-graders do not experience a change in automatic word processing. Instead, some types of word processing become automatic before fourth grade, while others don’t switch until after fifth.

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Bacteria Swim with Bodies and Flagella

July 22, 2014 2:34 pm | Comments

Many bacteria swim using flagella, corkscrew-like appendages that push or pull bacterial cells like propellers. It had been assumed that the flagella do all the work during swimming, while the rest of the cell body is just along for the ride. But new research shows that in at least one species, the cell body is actively carving out a helical trajectory through the water that produces thrust and contributes to the organism's ability to swim.

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Stem Cells Aid Muscle Repair and Strengthening After Resistance Exercise

July 22, 2014 2:10 pm | Comments

A new study in mice reveals that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) help rejuvenate skeletal muscle after resistance exercise. By injecting MSCs into mouse leg muscles prior to several bouts of eccentric exercise, researchers were able to increase the rate of repair and enhance the growth and strength of those muscles in the exercising mice.

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Eating Probiotics Regularly May Improve Your Blood Pressure

July 22, 2014 1:36 pm | Comments

Eating probiotics regularly may modestly improve your blood pressure, according to new research. Probiotics are live microorganisms (naturally occurring bacteria in the gut) thought to have beneficial effects; common sources are yogurt or dietary supplements.

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Breaking News: Lack of Vitamin D Ups Schizophrenia Risk

July 22, 2014 1:17 pm | Comments

Vitamin D-deficient individuals are twice as likely to be diagnosed with schizophrenia as people who have sufficient levels of the vitamin, according to a new study.                        

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