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How the Brain Produces Consciousness in 'Time Slices'

April 13, 2016 9:35 am | by Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne | News | Comments

Scientists propose a new way of understanding of how the brain processes unconscious information into our consciousness. According to the model, consciousness arises only in time intervals of up to 400 milliseconds, with gaps of unconsciousness in between.

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Novel In-vivo Imaging Accessory for Neuroscientists

April 12, 2016 11:58 am | by Prior Scientific | Product Releases | Comments

Neurotar’s Mobile HomeCage is an accessory device for microscopy and electrophysiology, which enables high precision tests in the brain of awake, head-fixed, but otherwise freely moving rodents. The unit eliminates the need for anaesthesia and thus preserves full physiological functioning of the brain.

Neanderthal Y Chromosome Genes Probably Extinct

April 12, 2016 11:49 am | by Stanford University | News | Comments

Although it’s widely known that modern humans carry traces of Neanderthal DNA, a new international study suggests that Neanderthal Y-chromosome genes disappeared from the human genome long ago.

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Same Immune-system Proteins May Give, Then Take Away Motor Control

April 12, 2016 11:39 am | by Princeton University | News | Comments

Researchers have found that a family of proteins with important roles in the immune system may be responsible for fine-tuning a person's motor control as they grow -- and for their gradual loss of muscle function as they age. The research potentially reveals a biological cause of weakness and instability in older people, as well as a possible future treatment that would target the proteins specifically.

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Small Nerve Fibers Defy Neuropathy Conventions

April 12, 2016 11:07 am | by Johns Hopkins University | News | Comments

Results of a small study of people with tingling pain in their hands and feet have added to evidence that so-called prediabetes is more damaging to motor nerves than once believed.

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Synthetic Biochemistry Advance Holds Promise for Industrial Products, Biofuels

April 12, 2016 10:57 am | by UCLA | News | Comments

Biochemists have devised a way to convert sugar into a variety of useful chemical compounds without using cells.

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Biomarker Discovery Offers Hope for New TB Vaccine

April 12, 2016 9:32 am | by University of Oxford | News | Comments

Researchers have identified new biomarkers for Tuberculosis (TB) which have shown for the first time why immunity from the widely used Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is so variable. The biomarkers will also provide valuable clues to assess whether potential new vaccines could be effective.

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Wealth of Unsuspected New Microbes Expands Tree of Life

April 12, 2016 9:24 am | by University of California Berkeley | News | Comments

The new tree of life, to be published online April 11, reinforces once again that the life we see around us - plants, animals, humans and other so-called eukaryotes - represent a tiny percentage of the world's biodiversity.

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'Marijuana Receptor' Might Hold the Key to Male Fertility Treatments

April 11, 2016 9:05 am | by Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology | News | Comments

Research in The FASEB Journal suggests that cannabis exposure may affect DNA-bound proteins, sperm chromatin and have an impact on fertility, embryo development and offspring health.

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Controlling Bad Cholesterol Could Prevent Tumor Growth

April 11, 2016 8:59 am | by University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry | News | Comments

Several studies have recognized a link between obesity and cancer. New research investigates how tumor cells grow through scavenging very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL), commonly known as the "bad cholesterol," and what mechanisms can be used to reduce the malignant cells' growth.

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Is a Common Painkiller Hampering our Ability to Notice Errors?

April 11, 2016 8:50 am | by University of Toronto | News | Comments

It's been known for more than a century that acetaminophen is an effective painkiller, but according to a new study, it could also be impeding error-detection in the brain. The research is the first neurological study to look at how acetaminophen could be inhibiting the brain response associated with making errors.

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Zika Virus May Now be Tied to Another Brain Disease

April 11, 2016 8:46 am | by American Academy of Neurology | News | Comments

The Zika virus may be associated with an autoimmune disorder that attacks the brain's myelin similar to multiple sclerosis, according to a small study that is being released today.

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A Newly Discovered Way for Cells to Die

April 8, 2016 5:06 pm | by Rockefeller University | News | Comments

Some cells are meant to live, and some are meant to die. The linker cell of Caenorhabditis elegans, a tiny worm that is a favored model organism for biologists, is among those destined for termination. 

Studying Elephant Seals to Understand How Carbon Monoxide can be Therapeutic

April 7, 2016 4:49 pm | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | News | Comments

Michael S. Tift, a Ph.D. candidate at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography spoke to Bioscience Technology about how studying the elephant seal may provide insights into the underlying biology behind the protective effects of carbon monoxide, and help guide methods for CO-based therapies in humans. 

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Immunoassay Blocking Reagents Guide

April 7, 2016 9:50 am | by AMSBIO | Product Releases | Comments

AMSBIO has released a new 16-page practical guide that provides a detailed overview on how blockers can be used to reduce non-specific binding in immunoassays.

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