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Some Long Non-coding RNAs are Conventional After All

April 4, 2014 2:27 pm | News | Comments

Not so long ago researchers thought that RNAs came in two types: coding RNAs that make proteins and non-coding RNAs that have structural roles. Then came the discovery of small RNAs that opened up whole new areas of research. Now researchers have come full circle and predicted that some long non-coding RNAs can give rise to small proteins that have biological functions.

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'Killer heroin' causing fatal overdoses

April 4, 2014 2:19 pm | by Katie Zezima - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

On an icy night in January, a man entered a grocery store here, walked past the displays of cake mix and paper towels, and went into the bathroom, where he injected himself with heroin. Hours later, the man was found dead in the bathroom with a needle still in his arm, authorities said. They...

Light-activated Neurons from Stem Cells Restore Function to Paralyzed Muscles

April 4, 2014 2:08 pm | News | Comments

Scientists developed a new way to artificially control muscles using light, with the potential to restore function to muscles paralyzed by conditions such as motor neuron disease and spinal cord injury. The technique involves transplanting specially-designed motor neurons created from stem cells into injured nerve branches. These motor neurons are designed to react to pulses of blue light.

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Flipping the Switch on Scleroderma

April 4, 2014 1:58 pm | News | Comments

Scleroderma is a rare and often fatal disease, causing the thickening of tissue, which currently lacks a cure and any effective treatments. A group of researchers, including a Michigan State University professor, is looking to change that. Neubig, along with several of his colleagues from the University of Michigan, have identified the core signaling pathway that activates the disease and the chemical compounds that can turn it off.

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Positive, Negative Thinkers’ Brains Revealed

April 4, 2014 1:50 pm | News | Comments

The ability to stay positive when times get tough—and, conversely, of being negative—may be hardwired in the brain, finds new research led by a Michigan State University psychologist. The study provides biological evidence validating the idea that there are, in fact, positive and negative people in the world.

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Chemists’ Work with Small Peptide Chains May Revolutionize Study of Enzymes

April 4, 2014 1:27 pm | News | Comments

Chemists in The College of Arts and Sciences at Syracuse University have created enzyme-like activity using peptides that are only seven amino acids long. Their breakthrough may revolutionize the study of modern-day enzymes, whose chains of amino acids usually number in the hundreds, and of neurological diseases, such as Alzheimer’s, which are usually characterized by small clumps of misshapen proteins called amyloids.

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Meda turns down approach from Mylan

April 4, 2014 11:19 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Swedish drug company Meda has rebuffed an approach from generic drug maker Mylan which was looking to combine the two businesses. Meda AB says talks between the two companies have stopped "without further actions." It did not provide any details as to why its board turned down the proposal. ...

Mali reports 3 suspected cases of Ebola fever

April 4, 2014 9:20 am | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Health officials in Mali say they are investigating three suspected cases of Ebola amid an outbreak in two other West African countries. In a government statement released late Thursday, Malian officials said they were awaiting test results from samples sent to the United States. It said the...

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3 meningitis deaths reported in Los Angeles County

April 3, 2014 10:18 pm | by The Associated Press | News | Comments

Los Angeles County health officials say three of eight people who contracted bacterial meningitis this year have died — and all three had sex with other men. On Wednesday, health officials urged gay men to be vaccinated against the invasive meningococcal disease, which can spread through close...

Obama signs cancer research bill in memory of girl

April 3, 2014 5:18 pm | by Nedra Pickler - Associated Press - Associated Press | News | Comments

A 10-year-old girl who died of brain cancer is leaving a legacy for other sick children in a new law signed by President Barack Obama. Obama on Thursday signed the bipartisan Gabriella Miller Kids First Research Act. It directs $126 million in federal money to be spent over the next decade to...

Versatile Nanosponges Now Aimed at MRSA Toxins

April 3, 2014 2:16 pm | by Skip Derra | Articles | Comments

In successful research, any one path can quickly lead to new paths of even more promising results. This branching out of a research project couldn’t be more true than for a team of researchers at the UCSD’s Jacobs School of Engineering. UCSD researchers have developed “nanosponges” that were initially designed as a platform for cancer drug delivery and now are being developed to soak up the dangerous pore-forming toxin produced by MRSA.

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Nanoparticles Cause Cancer to Self-destruct

April 3, 2014 1:59 pm | Videos | Comments

Using magnetically controlled nanoparticles to force tumor cells to ‘self-destruct’ sounds like science fiction, but could be a future part of cancer treatment, according to research from Lund University in Sweden. The new technique is much more targeted than trying to kill cancer cells with techniques such as chemotherapy.

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Sleep Apnea Linked with Blood Sugar Levels

April 3, 2014 1:39 pm | News | Comments

Sleep apnea has been linked with elevated blood sugar levels, suggesting people with the condition could be at an increased risk of cardiovascular illness and mortality. The findings of a new study add to a growing body of evidence that suggests that sleep apnea is linked with diabetes.

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Atlas Details Gene Activity of the Prenatal Human Brain, Offers Clues to Psychiatric Disorders

April 3, 2014 1:30 pm | News | Comments

A comprehensive three-dimensional atlas of the developing human brain that incorporates gene activity along with anatomical reference atlases and neuroimaging data has released its first major report. This NIH-funded resource, freely available to the public, enables researchers to answer questions related to the early roots of brain-based disorders such as autism and schizophrenia.

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A Brain Region for Resisting Alcohol's Allure

April 3, 2014 1:14 pm | News | Comments

University of Utah neuroscientists report that when a region of the brain called the lateral habenula is chronically inactivated in rats, they repeatedly drink to excess and are less able to learn from the experience. The study has implications for understanding behaviors that drive alcohol addiction.

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