Although it’s widely known that modern humans carry traces of Neanderthal DNA, a new international study suggests that Neanderthal Y-chromosome genes disappeared from the human genome long ago.
Researchers have found that a family of proteins with important roles in the immune system may be responsible for fine-tuning a person's motor control as they grow -- and for their gradual loss of muscle function as they age. The research potentially reveals a biological cause of weakness and instability in older people, as well as a possible future treatment that would target the proteins specifically.
Results of a small study of people with tingling pain in their hands and feet have added to evidence that so-called prediabetes is more damaging to motor nerves than once believed.
Biochemists have devised a way to convert sugar into a variety of useful chemical compounds without using cells.
Researchers have identified new biomarkers for Tuberculosis (TB) which have shown for the first time why immunity from the widely used Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine is so variable. The biomarkers will also provide valuable clues to assess whether potential new vaccines could be effective.
The new tree of life, to be published online April 11, reinforces once again that the life we see around us - plants, animals, humans and other so-called eukaryotes - represent a tiny percentage of the world's biodiversity.
Research in The FASEB Journal suggests that cannabis exposure may affect DNA-bound proteins, sperm chromatin and have an impact on fertility, embryo development and offspring health.
Several studies have recognized a link between obesity and cancer. New research investigates how tumor cells grow through scavenging very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL), commonly known as the "bad cholesterol," and what mechanisms can be used to reduce the malignant cells' growth.
It's been known for more than a century that acetaminophen is an effective painkiller, but according to a new study, it could also be impeding error-detection in the brain. The research is the first neurological study to look at how acetaminophen could be inhibiting the brain response associated with making errors.
The Zika virus may be associated with an autoimmune disorder that attacks the brain's myelin similar to multiple sclerosis, according to a small study that is being released today.
Some cells are meant to live, and some are meant to die. The linker cell of Caenorhabditis elegans, a tiny worm that is a favored model organism for biologists, is among those destined for termination.
Michael S. Tift, a Ph.D. candidate at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography spoke to Bioscience Technology about how studying the elephant seal may provide insights into the underlying biology behind the protective effects of carbon monoxide, and help guide methods for CO-based therapies in humans.
AMSBIO has released a new 16-page practical guide that provides a detailed overview on how blockers can be used to reduce non-specific binding in immunoassays.
Excessive weight, obesity, aging and population growth drove a nearly four-fold increase in worldwide cases of diabetes over the last quarter-century, affecting 422 million people in 2014, the World Health Organization reported Wednesday.
As white-nose syndrome kills millions of bats across North America, there's a glimmer of hope at hibernation spots where it first struck a decade ago: Some bats in some caves are hanging on.