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Tamping Down Neurons' Energy Use Could Treat Neurodegeneration

April 27, 2016 10:01 am | by Salk Institute | News | Comments

Scientists showed how an FDA-approved drug boosts the health of brain cells by limiting their energy use. Like removing unnecessary lighting from a financially strapped household to save on electricity bills, the drug--called rapamycin--prolongs the survival of diseased neurons by forcing them to reduce protein production to conserve cellular energy.

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Researchers Discover Vaccine Breakthrough

April 27, 2016 9:52 am | by University of Copenhagen | News | Comments

The next generation of vaccines may soon see the light of day, because researchers have discovered a completely new and simple method which sets new standards for the development of vaccines.

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Fragile X Syndrome Study Uses Fruitfly's Point of View to Identify New Treatments

April 27, 2016 9:46 am | by University of Pennsylvania | News | Comments

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common genetically inherited cause of intellectual disability in humans. New research shows how the hormone insulin -- usually associated with diabetes -- is involved in the daily activity patterns and cognitive deficits in the fruitfly model of FXS, according to a new study.

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New Advance in Fight Against Parkinson's, Alzheimer's

April 27, 2016 9:37 am | by University of Leicester | News | Comments

A five-year study by an international team has found a way of 'reversing' symptoms of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's - using fruit flies as test subjects.

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Biotech Startup Provides Functional Studies on Thousands of Breast Cancer Gene Variants

April 27, 2016 8:58 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | News | Comments

Toronto-based biotech startup, Ranomics, has launched a database that for the first time, provides functional studies on the impact of 2,000 variants of BRCA1, which is a gene associated with hereditary breast and ovarian cancers.

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Wireless, Battery-less Limit Switches

April 26, 2016 10:28 am | by Steute | Product Releases | Comments

Steute Industrial Controls offers a comprehensive line of wireless, batteryless limit switches. These wireless limit switches feature an internal electrodynamic energy generator, that require no battery. Displacement of the actuator generates power to send a uniquely coded signal to one or more compatible, easily-programmed receivers.

Research Examines Link Between Stomach Bacteria, PTSD

April 26, 2016 10:22 am | by Office of Naval Research | News | Comments

Could bacteria in your gut be used to cure or prevent neurological conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety or even depression? Researchers think that's a strong possibility.

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Dopamine Neurons Have a Role in Movement

April 26, 2016 10:18 am | by Princeton University | News | Comments

Researchers have found that dopamine - a brain chemical involved in learning, motivation and many other functions - also has a direct role in representing or encoding movement. The finding could help researchers better understand dopamine's role in movement-related disorders such as Parkinson's disease.

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Controlling RNA in Living Cells

April 26, 2016 10:14 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office | News | Comments

Researchers have devised a new set of proteins that can be customized to bind arbitrary RNA sequences, making it possible to image RNA inside living cells, monitor what a particular RNA strand is doing, and even control RNA activity.

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Soy Shows Promise as Natural Anti-microbial Agent

April 26, 2016 10:04 am | by University of Guelph | News | Comments

Soy isoflavones and peptides may inhibit the growth of microbial pathogens that cause food-borne illnesses, according to a new study.

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Nurturing During Preschool Years Boosts Child’s Brain Growth

April 26, 2016 9:59 am | by Washington University in St. Louis | News | Comments

Children whose mothers were nurturing during the preschool years, as opposed to later in childhood, have more robust growth in brain structures associated with learning, memory and stress response than children with less supportive moms, according to new research.

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SPARK Project to Examine DNA of 50,000 Autistic Kids

April 26, 2016 9:37 am | by Seth Augenstein, Digital Reporter | News | Comments

A genomics research project hopes to collect and cross-reference the DNA of 50,000 people to better understand the autism spectrum. SPARK, the Sims Foundation Powering Autism Research for Knowledge, began its public push to get the saliva samples of thousands of volunteers last week.

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A Conversation: Moral Challenges of AI

April 26, 2016 9:11 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | News | Comments

PBS recently ran an episode of The Open Mind, during which host Alexander Heffner had a conversation with bioethicist Wendell Wallach to discuss the moral challenges of Artificial Intelligence (AI). Here we bring you some highlights from the program.

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20 Year-old Puzzle Solved Through Genetic Advances

April 25, 2016 10:48 am | by University of Liverpool | News | Comments

Researchers have identified a specific gene that plays a key role in an inherited eye disorder. The discovery solves a 20 year-old puzzle for a family in Liverpool who all developed epithelial recurrent erosion dystrophy (ERED), a genetic corneal dystrophy disorder that causes abnormality of the outer layer of the eye.

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New Understanding of Enzymes Could Help to Develop New Drugs

April 25, 2016 10:41 am | by University of Leicester | News | Comments

New knowledge about the mechanism of specific protein complexes in the body could help in the development of better drugs for the treatment of diseases such as cancer and Alzheimer's.

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