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Spending Time in the Sun During Youth May Delay Onset of MS

October 8, 2015 | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Comments

In a study of people with multiple sclerosis (MS), those who reported spending every day in the sun as teenagers developed the disease an average of 1.9 years later than those who did not spend days in the sun.

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Babies Born During Summer Tend to Be Healthier Adults

October 12, 2015 3:31 pm | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Comments

A new study has found that women born during summer months are more likely to be healthy as adults.  Part of the reason could be due to getting more sun during pregnancy, which can lead to higher birth weight and later onset of puberty, said authors of the study, which was published in the journal Heliyon.


New Device Quickly Detects Gluten in Your Food

October 12, 2015 3:14 pm | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Comments

Tests of a similar nature take 15 to 20 minutes to find traces of gluten in food. 


New Papers Discuss Details for Possible 'Exercise Pill'

October 12, 2015 1:58 pm | by Ryan Bushey, Associate Editor | Comments

Two recently published papers have laid the groundwork for creating a potential ‘exercise pill.’


A Whale of a Tale

October 12, 2015 9:32 am | by Harvard University | Comments

The great whales are carnivores, feeding on tiny, shrimp-like animals such as krill. Moreover, the microbes that live in whales’ guts — the microbiome — resemble those of other meat-eaters. But scientists now have evidence that the whale microbiome shares traits with that of creatures not known to eat meat: cows.


How the Brain Keeps Time

October 12, 2015 9:28 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office | Comments

Keeping track of time is critical for many tasks, such as playing the piano, swinging a tennis racket, or holding a conversation. Neuroscientists have now figured out how neurons in one part of the brain measure time intervals and accurately reproduce them.


Lab-grown 3D Intestine Regenerates Gut Lining In Dogs

October 12, 2015 9:23 am | by Johns Hopkins University | Comments

 Working with gut stem cells from humans and mice, scientists have successfully grown healthy intestine atop a 3-D scaffold made of a substance used in surgical sutures.


Analyzing Protein Structures in Their Native Environment

October 12, 2015 9:12 am | by Anne Trafton, MIT News Office | Comments

Proteins can fold in different ways depending on their environment. These different configurations change the function of the protein; misfolding is frequently associated with diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s. Using a new technique known as sensitivity-enhanced nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), researchers have shown that they can analyze the structure that a yeast protein forms as it interacts with other proteins in a cell.


California Adopts Strictest Limits on Livestock Antibiotics

October 12, 2015 8:53 am | by Juliet Williams, Associated Press | Comments

California has adopted the toughest limits in the nation on the use of antibiotics in healthy livestock, barring their routine use to prevent illness or promote growth.


Gene Editing: Research Spurs Debate Over Promise vs. Ethics

October 12, 2015 8:49 am | by Lauran Neergaard, AP Medical Writer | Comments

The hottest tool in biology has scientists using words like revolutionary as they describe the long-term potential: wiping out certain mosquitoes that carry malaria, treating genetic diseases like sickle-cell, preventing babies from inheriting a life-threatening disorder.


ZomBee Watch Helps Scientists Track Honeybee Killer

October 9, 2015 10:19 am | by Michael Hill, Associated Press | Comments

Call them "The Buzzing Dead." Honeybees are being threatened by tiny flies that lead them to lurch and stagger around like zombies. The afflicted bees often make uncharacteristic night flights, sometimes buzzing around porch lights before dying.


'Droplets' in Disease

October 9, 2015 10:14 am | by Brown University | Comments

Our cells contain proteins, essential to functions like protein creation and DNA repair but also involved in forms of ALS and cancer, that never take a characteristic shape, a new study shows. Instead it’s how they become huddled with each other into droplets that matters. Scientists may therefore have to understand the code that determines their huddling to prevent disease.


Seeing in a New Light

October 9, 2015 10:07 am | by UC Santa Barbara | Comments

An animal’s ability to perceive light incorporates many complex processes. Now, researchers have used fruit flies and mice to make novel discoveries about sensory physiology at both cellular and molecular levels that are important for light processing.


Researchers Team Up with Illumina to Speed-Read Your Microbiome

October 9, 2015 9:48 am | by UC San Diego | Comments

Scientists built a microbiome analysis platform called QIIME (pronounced “chime” and short for “Quantitative Insights Into Microbial Ecology”). This software will now be more readily accessible to hundreds of thousands of researchers around the world through BaseSpace, a cloud-based app store offered by Illumina.


Why is Elephant Cancer Rare? Answer Might Help Treat Humans

October 9, 2015 9:35 am | by Lindsey Tanner, AP Medical Writer | Comments

Cancer is much less common in elephants than in humans, even though the big beasts' bodies have many more cells. That's a paradox known among scientists, and now researchers think they may have an explanation - one they say might someday lead to new ways to protect people from cancer.



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