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Spending Time in the Sun During Youth May Delay Onset of MS

October 8, 2015 | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Comments

In a study of people with multiple sclerosis (MS), those who reported spending every day in the sun as teenagers developed the disease an average of 1.9 years later than those who did not spend days in the sun.

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ZomBee Watch Helps Scientists Track Honeybee Killer

October 9, 2015 10:19 am | by Michael Hill, Associated Press | Comments

Call them "The Buzzing Dead." Honeybees are being threatened by tiny flies that lead them to lurch and stagger around like zombies. The afflicted bees often make uncharacteristic night flights, sometimes buzzing around porch lights before dying.


'Droplets' in Disease

October 9, 2015 10:14 am | by Brown University | Comments

Our cells contain proteins, essential to functions like protein creation and DNA repair but also involved in forms of ALS and cancer, that never take a characteristic shape, a new study shows. Instead it’s how they become huddled with each other into droplets that matters. Scientists may therefore have to understand the code that determines their huddling to prevent disease.


Seeing in a New Light

October 9, 2015 10:07 am | by UC Santa Barbara | Comments

An animal’s ability to perceive light incorporates many complex processes. Now, researchers have used fruit flies and mice to make novel discoveries about sensory physiology at both cellular and molecular levels that are important for light processing.


Researchers Team Up with Illumina to Speed-Read Your Microbiome

October 9, 2015 9:48 am | by UC San Diego | Comments

Scientists built a microbiome analysis platform called QIIME (pronounced “chime” and short for “Quantitative Insights Into Microbial Ecology”). This software will now be more readily accessible to hundreds of thousands of researchers around the world through BaseSpace, a cloud-based app store offered by Illumina.


Why is Elephant Cancer Rare? Answer Might Help Treat Humans

October 9, 2015 9:35 am | by Lindsey Tanner, AP Medical Writer | Comments

Cancer is much less common in elephants than in humans, even though the big beasts' bodies have many more cells. That's a paradox known among scientists, and now researchers think they may have an explanation - one they say might someday lead to new ways to protect people from cancer.


ASHG 2015: Cigarettes, Heavy Alcohol Use Linked to Epigenetic Aging

October 9, 2015 9:01 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Comments

Research presented Thursday at the American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG) 2015 Annual Meeting in Baltimore found heavy alcohol use and cigarette smoking caused epigenetic changes to DNA that are related to premature aging.


Scientists Grow Old Brain Cells from Patients’ Skin Cells

October 9, 2015 8:51 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Comments

Researchers from the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have found a way to create aged brain cells from patients’ skin samples for the first time.  Fibroblasts, which are cells in connective tissue, from older people are directly converted into induced neurons. 


New Study Suggests Hallucinations, Alone, Do Not Predict Onset of Schizophrenia

October 8, 2015 10:55 am | by UNC | Comments

A new analysis identified illogical thoughts as most predictive of schizophrenia risk. Surprisingly, perceptual disturbances – the forerunners of hallucinations – are not predictive, even though full-blown hallucinations are common features of schizophrenia.


Easier Way to Fix Hearts

October 8, 2015 10:49 am | by Harvard University | Comments

Researchers have designed a specialized catheter for fixing holes in the heart by using a biodegradable adhesive and patch. The team reported in the journal Science Translational Medicine that the catheter has been used successfully in animal studies to help close holes without requiring open-heart surgery.


Researcher: Children's Cancer Linked to Fukushima Radiation

October 8, 2015 10:05 am | by Yuri Kageyama, Associated Press | Comments

A new study says children living near the Fukushima nuclear meltdowns have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer at a rate 20 to 50 times that of children elsewhere, a difference the authors contend undermines the government's position that more cases have been discovered in the area only because of stringent monitoring.


Genetic Defenses of Bacteria Don’t Aid Antibiotic Resistance

October 7, 2015 9:51 am | by University of Oxford | Comments

Genetic responses to the stresses caused by antibiotics don’t help bacteria to evolve a resistance to the medications, according to a new study.


Scientists Win Nobel Chemistry Award for Work on DNA Repair

October 7, 2015 9:32 am | by Karl Rittermalin Rising, Associated Press | Comments

Three scientists from Sweden, the U.S. and Turkey won the Nobel Prize in chemistry on Wednesday for showing how cells repair damaged DNA, work that's inspired the development of new cancer treatments.


BRAIN Initiative Doles Out Second Round of Funding

October 7, 2015 9:05 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Comments

The second round of funding for President Barack Obama’s BRAIN Initiative has been announced. The 67 new awardees of National Institutes of Health and additional investments by the Kavli Foundation were publicized Oct. 1 and will continue the large collaborative quest to develop technologies for a dynamic view of the brain.


Rare Horse Disease Shares Signs of Human Brain Disorders

October 7, 2015 8:53 am | by Bevin Fletcher, Associate Editor | Comments

Equine grass sickness, a rare nerve condition found in horses, shares similar signs of disease as people with brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s, according to a new study from the University of Edinburgh.



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